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## Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 9th Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Set Language Ex 1.4

Question 1.
If P = {1, 2, 5, 7, 9}, Q = {2, 3, 5, 9, 11}, R = {3, 4, 5, 7, 9} and S = {2, 3, 4, 5, 8} then find
(i) (P∪Q)∪R
(ii) (P∩Q)∩S
(m) (Q∩S)∩R
Solution:
P = {1, 2, 5, 7, 9}; Q = {2, 3, 5, 9, 11}; R = {3, 4, 5, 7, 9} and S = {2, 3, 4, 5, 8}
(i) P∪Q = {1, 2, 5, 7, 9} ∪ {2, 3, 5, 9, 11}
= {1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11}
(P∪Q)∪R = {1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11} ∪ {3, 4, 5, 7, 9}
= {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 11}

(ii) P∩Q = {1, 2, 5, 7, 9} ∩ {2, 3, 5, 9, 11}
= {2, 5, 9}
(P∩Q)∩S = {2, 5, 9} ∩ {2, 3, 4, 5, 8}
= (2, 5}

(iii) Q∩S = {2, 3, 5, 9, 11} ∩ {2, 3, 4, 5, 8}
= {2, 3, 5}
(Q∩S)∩R = {2, 3, 5} ∩ {3, 4, 5, 7, 9}
= {3, 5} Question 2.
Test for the commutative property of union and intersection of the sets
P = {x : x is a real number between 2 and 7} and
Q = {x : x is an irrational number between 2 and 7}
Solution:
P is a real number set
Q is a set of irrational number
∴ Q⊂P
P∪Q= Q∪P = P
∴ Union of sets is commutative.
P∩Q = Q∩P = Q
∴ Intersection of sets is commutative. Question 3.
If A = {p, q, r, s}, B = {m, n, q, s, t} and C = {m, n, p, q, s}, then verify the associative property of union of sets.
Solution:
When union of sets is associative
A∪(B∪C) = (A∪B)∪C
(B∪C) = {m, n, q, s, t) ∪ {m, n, p, q, s}
= {m, n, p, q, s, t}
A∪(B∪C) = {p, q, r, s} ∪ {m, n, p, q, s, t}
= {m, n, p, q, r, s, t} ……..(1)
(A∪B) = {p, q, r, s} ∪ {m, n, q, s, t}
= {m, n, p, q, r, s, t}
(A∪B)∪C = {m, n, p, q, r, s, t} ∪ {m, n, p, q, s}
= {m, n, p, q, r, s, t} ……….(2)
From (1) and (2) it is verified that A∪(B∪C) = (A∪B)∪C Question 4.
Verify the associative property of intersection of sets for A = {-11, √2, √5, 7},
B = {√3, √5, 6, 13} and C = {√2, √3, √5, 9}.
Solution:
When intersection of sets is associative
A∩(B∩C) = (A∩B)∩C
(B∩C) = {√3, √5, 6, 13} ∩ {√2, √3, √5, 9}
= {√3, √5}
A∩(B∩C) = {-11, √2, √5, 7} ∩ {√3, √5}
{√5} ………(i)
(A∩B) = {-11, √2, √5, 7} ∩ {√3, √5 ,6, 13}
= {√5}
(A∩B)∩C = {√5} n {√2, √3, √5, 9}
= {√5}……..(2)
From (1) and (2) it is verified that A∩(B∩C) = (A∩B)∩C Question 5.
If A={ x : x = 2n, n ∈ W and n < 4}, B = {x : x = 2n, n ∈ N and n ≤ 4} and C = {0, 1, 2, 5, 6}, then verify the associative property of intersection of sets.
Solution:
A = {x : x = 2n, n ∈ W and n < 4}
A = {1, 2, 4, 8}
B = {x : x = 2n, n ∈ N and n ≤ 4}
B = {2, 4, 6, 8}
C ={0, 1, 2, 5, 6}
When intersection of sets is associative
A∩(B∩C) = (A∩B)∩C
(B∩C) = {2, 4, 6, 8} ∩ {0, 1, 2, 5, 6}
= {2, 6}
A∩(B∩C)= {1 ,2, 4, 8} ∩ {2, 6}
= {2}……….(1)
(A∩B) = {1, 2, 4, 8} ∩ {2, 4, 6, 8}
= {2, 4, 8}
(A∩B)∩c= {2, 4, 8} n {0, 1, 2, 5, 6}
= {2}………..(2)
From (1) and (2) we get A∩(B∩C) = (A∩B)∩C 