Tamilnadu State Board New Syllabus Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Guide Pdf Civics Chapter 4 Forms of Government Text Book Back Questions and Answers, Important Questions, Notes.

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Solutions Civics Chapter 4 Forms of Government

Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Forms of Government Text Book Back Questions and Answers

I. Fill in the blanks

  1. _________, __________ are a few examples for unitary form of government.
  2. The parliamentary government is also known as __________
  3. In the parliamentary fonn of government __________is the leader of the majority party.

Answer:

  1. England, France
  2. Cabinet government
  3. Prime Minister

II. Fill in the blanks

Question 1.

S.No Country Name of the parliament
1. USA …………………………..
2. Norway …………………………..
3. …………………………… Folketing

Answer:

S.No Country Name of the parliament
1. USA Congress
2. Norway Storting
3. Denmark Folketing

III. Distinguish Between

Question 1.
Unitary and federal forms of government. Ans
Answer:
Unitary form of government:

  1. Only one level of government or sub units
  2. Subunits cannot operate independently
  3. E.g. England, France, Japan, Srilanka

Federal form of government:

  1. Two levels of government
  2. Federal units are answerable to central government
  3. E.g.U.S, Australia, Canada.

Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Guide Civics Chapter 4 Forms of Government

Question 2.
Parliamentary and presidential forms of government.
Answer:
Parliamentary form of government:

  1. Prime Minister is the leader of the majority party.
  2. Central Legislature is supreme E.g.Canada, India, Japan

Presidential form of government:

  1. President is directly selected by the people.
  2. President is supreme E.g. Rassia, Brazil, U.S.A

IV. Give a short note on

Question 1.
Unitary form of government
Answer:
A unitary system of government or unitary state is a sovereign state governed as a single entity. The central government is supreme and the administrative divisions exercise only powers that the central government has delegated to them. England, France, Japan and Sri Lanka are examples of the Unitary Form of government. In a Unitary form of government, all the authority and power is vested in a single-center, whereas in a federal form of government authority and power is distributed between the center and the constituent units. Even in a Unitary form of Government, there might be a lot of decentralization of authority, but we cannot claim it as a federal system.

V. Answer the following

Question 1.
List out the types of constitution.
Answer:
Types of Constitution

Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Guide Civics Chapter 4 Forms of Government

Question 2.
What are the merits of a federal government?
Answer:
The merits of the federal government are

  1. Reconciliation of local autonomy with national unity.
  2. Division power between centre and states leads to administrative efficiency.
  3. It gives rise to big states.
  4. Distribution powers check the despotism of central government.
  5. More suitable for bigger countries
  6. It is good for economic and cultural progress.

Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Guide Civics Chapter 4 Forms of Government

Question 3.
Write down the differences between the unitary form of government and the federal form of government.
Answer:
Unitary form of government:

  1. Only one Level of Government or subunits
  2. Mostly Single Citizenship
  3. Sub Units cannot operate Independently
  4. No Division of Power
  5. Centralization of Power

The federal form of government:

  1. Two Levels of Government
  2. Dual Citizenship
  3. Federal Units are answerable to Central Government
  4. Division of Power
  5. Decentralization of Power

VI. Answer in detail

Question 1.
Write about the merits of a unitary form of government
Answer:
Merits of a unitary form of government

  • Suitable for small countries.
  • There is no conflict between authority and responsibility.
  • A unitary government will make prompt decisions and take speedy action.
  • A unitary government is less expensive.
  • Amendments to the constitution are easy.
  • There is unity, uniformity of law, policy, and administration.

Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Guide Civics Chapter 4 Forms of Government

Question 2.
Write about the presidential form of government and what is the difference between presidential and parliamentary forms of government.
Answer:
Presidential form of government:

  1. The American President is both the head of the state and the head of government. As the head of state, he occupies a ceremonial position.
  2. The president is elected by an electoral college for a fixed tenure of four years.
  3. He governs with the help of a cabinet or a smaller body called ‘Kitchen Cabinet’. It is only an advisory body.
  4. The President and his secretaries are not responsible to Congress for their acts.
  5. The legislative, executive and judicial powers of the government are separated.
  6. It is also known as the non-responsible or non-parliamentary or fixed executive system of government.

Difference between Presidential and Parliamentary form of government Presidential Form of Government:

  1. President is directly elected by the people.
  2. President is supreme
  3. Separation of Powers
  4. Independent branches
  5. President-head of the Government
  6. Separation of Powers
  7. Independent branches
  8. Individual Leadership
  9. President is not accountable to Congress

Parliamentary form of Government:

  1. Prime Minister is the leader of the majority party.
  2. Central Legislature is supreme
  3. Absence of Separation Powers Centralisatiion
  4. Independent branches with Overlapping functions
  5. Prime Minister-head of the Government
  6. Centralisation
  7. Independent branches with Overlapping functions
  8. Collective leadership
  9. Collective and Individual Responsibility.

Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Forms of Government Additional Important Questions and Answers

I. Fill in the blanks.

  1. The government in the main ______ of the state.
  2. There are ______ organs in a Government.
  3. Sri Lanka is an example of ______ form of government.
  4. Unitary form of government suitable ______ for Countres.
  5. U.S. represents form, ______ of government.
  6. The constitution is the ______ of the land.
  7. The Name of the Parliament in Israel in ______
  8. In India we have ______ form government.
  9. Brazil has ______ form of governments.
  10.  In Bhutan king Jigme is a ______ monarch.
  11. The Gross National Happiness (GNH) was first mentioned in the constitution of ______
  12. The term GNH was coined by ______

Answer:

  1. Agency
  2. Three
  3. unitary
  4. small
  5. Federal
  6. Supreme law
  7. Knesset
  8. Parliamentary
  9. Presidential
  10. Constitutional
  11. Bhutan
  12. Jigme Singye Wangchuck – King of Bhutan

Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Guide Civics Chapter 4 Forms of Government

II. Fill in the blanks

Question 1.

S.No Country Name of the Parliment
1. Israel …………………………
2. Germany …………………………

Answer:

S.No Country Name of the Parliment
1. Israel …………………………
2. Germany …………………………

III. Distinguish Between

Question 1.
Dictatorship and Monarality
Dictatorship

  1. Dictatorship is an office that has been taken through force.
  2. A Dictatorship is termed as a government rule by one person or commands who is know as the Dictator. E.g. Uganda, Zimbawe

Monarchy

  1. Monarchy is resigned that passed from one generation to another.
  2. Monarchy is the rule of the king or green as an emperor. E.g. Britain, Australia.

Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Guide Civics Chapter 4 Forms of Government

Question 2.
Democracy and Communism
Answer:
Democracy:

  1. Democracy is based on the principle of equality and Freedom.
  2. Private ownership is allowed citizens; have certain legislature and freedom which are protected by the constitution, E.g. India.

Communism:

  1. Communism is based on common ownership mainly concerned with equality and fairness.
  2. Here the government has complete control over the production and distribution of goods and all the resources shared equally in the society. E.g. China, North Korea.

IV. Give a short note on

Question 1.
Historic Transition in Bhutan.
Answer:

  1. The fourth king of Bhutan Jigme Singye Wangchuck travelled to all the 20 districts of the tiny kingdom.
  2. The purpose of the travel is to explain the importance of the historic transition to the people of Bhutan.
  3. The transition from the hereditary monarchy to the Parliamentary Democracy.
  4. In 2006 the king abdicated the throne 34 years after ascending it. Now Bhutan is a Parliamentary Democracy and King Jigme a constitutional monarch.

Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Guide Civics Chapter 4 Forms of Government

Question 2.
What are the characteristics of good governance?
Answer:
Characteristics of Good governance

  1. Participation
  2. Rule of Law
  3. Transparency
  4. Responsiveness
  5. Consensus Orientation
  6. Equity
  7. Effectiveness And Efficiency
  8. Accountability

V. Answer the following

Question 1.
What are the demerits of federal form government?
Answer:
De-merits of the federal form of government are,

  1. Federal government is weaker when compared to the unitary government.
  2. Federal government is more expensive.
  3. Provincial tendencies are very common
  4. Lack of uniformity in Administration
  5. Threat to national unity
  6. Distribution powers between centre and states lead to conflict
  7. Double Citizenship
  8. Rigid constitution cannot be amended easily for the changing needs.
  9. The state governments sometimes place hindrances in foreign policy.

Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Guide Civics Chapter 4 Forms of Government

Question 2.
Mention about the Unitary features of Indian constitution
Answer:
Unitary features of Indian constitution are

  1. Strong Centre
  2. Central Government’s control over state territory
  3. Single Constitution
  4. The flexibility of the Constitution
  5. Unequal representation of states
  6. Emergency Provisions
  7. Single citizenship
  8. Single Integrated Judiciary
  9. All India Services
  10. Appointment of Governor by the central government.

Question 3.
What are the Federal features of the Indian constitution?
Answer:
Federal features of the Indian constitution are

  1. Dual Government
  2. Written constitution
  3. Division of Powers
  4. The supremacy of the Constitution
  5. the constitution is the supreme law of the land.
  6. The laws enacted by the Centre and the states must conform to its provisions.
  7. Rigid Constitution
  8. Independent Judiciary
  9. Bicameralism

Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Guide Civics Chapter 4 Forms of Government

Question 4.
Write about the demerits of a unitary form of government
Answer:
De-merits of a unitary form of government

  1. It is not suitable for big countries.
  2. The central government will have to tackle so many complex problems that lead to administrative delays.
  3. The central government will not concentrate on local problems, local interest and initiative.
  4. The concentration of powers .may pave way for the despotism of the central government.

VI. Answer in detail

Question 1.
Write note the Parliamentary form of Government
Answer:
Parliamentary form of Government:

  1. The parliamentary system of government is the one in which the executive is responsible to the legislature for its policies and acts.
  2. It is also known as cabinet government or responsible government or Westminister model of government and is prevalent in Britain, Japan, Canada, India among others.

Features of Parliamentary form of government:

  1. Nominal and Real Executives.
  2. Majority Party Rule
  3. Collective Responsibility
  4. Double Membership
  5. The leadership of the Prime Minister

Merits of the parliamentary form of government:

  1. Harmony between Legislature and Executive.
  2. Responsible Government
  3. Prevents Dictatorship.
  4. Wide Representation.

Demerits of the parliamentary form of government:

  1. Unstable Government.
  2. No Continuity of Policies.
  3. The dictatorship of the Cabinet.
  4. Against Separation of Powers.

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