Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 2 Zigzag

Tamilnadu State Board New Syllabus Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Pdf Supplementary Chapter 2 Zigzag Questions and Answers, Zigzag Supplementary Summary, Notes.

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 2 Zigzag

10th English Guide Supplementary Zigzag Textbook Questions and Answers

A. Identify the speaker / character.

Question 1.
Even though I clearly said “no”!
Answer:
Dr. Krishnan

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 2 Zigzag

Question 2.
The one that spits deadly poison straight into its opponent’s eyes.
Answer:
Maya

Question 3.
Remember the tiny penknife he gave me last year.
Answer:
Maya

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 2 Zigzag

Question 4.
It’s Somu’s thoughtless ways that reduce me to tears.
Answer:
Mrs. Krishnan

Question 5.
‘Come in, zigzag, come in dear!’
Answer:
Visu, the old cook

B. Read the story again and write how these characters reacted in these situations.

Question 1.
“You’re both quite mistaken”.
Answer:
Dr. Krishnan hastened to explain
Mrs. Krishnan was horrified on hearing about zigzag.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 2 Zigzag

Question 2.
“It’s Somu’s thoughtless ways that reduce me to tears”.
Answer:
Mrs. Krishnan spoke irritably.
Dr. Krishnan was hurrying to his clinic.

Question 3.
“Just wait till zigzag settles down in this new home”.
Answer:
Visu comforted everyone.
Aravind and Maya were disappointed as the bird didn’t talk.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 2 Zigzag

Question 4.
“Zigzag hardly ever sleeps”.
Answer:
Somu sent an e-mail to Dr.Krishnan about Zigzag.
Dr.Krishnan predicted it as ridiculously simple.

Question 5.
“You are an absolute treasure…”
Answer:
Dr. Krishnan sighed and spoke to zigzag Zigzag didn’t bother to reply.

C. Complete the given tabular columns.


Answer:

D. Answer the following questions in one or two sentences.

Question 1.
Why did Dr. Ashok’s cousin call him?
Answer:
Dr. Ashok Krishnans cousin Somu called him to shelter Zigzag, his pet bird, when he left for Alaska.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 2 Zigzag

Question 2.
Mention atleast …. zigzag at home?
Answer:

  1. I’m going crazy with the sound of zigzag snoring, plus all these telephone calls.
  2. “And my beautiful painting…”

Question 3.
What are pets did Somu have?
Answer:
Somu had a giant green and gold fighting beetle and an African snake.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 2 Zigzag

Question 4.
What was Mrs. Krishnan busy with?
Answer:
Mrs. Krishnan was busy with her paintings to be displayed for sale the following week.

Question 5.
What commotion did the boomerang cause in the neighbourhood?
Answer:
Boomerang sliced through all the TV aerials in the neighborhood. It caused permanent damage to several cars in the parking lot. It also knocked out their watchman cold with the force thrown by Arvind.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 2 Zigzag

Question 6.
What happened when Somu left zigzag with the Krishnan’s?
Answer:
Zigzag deposited the walnuts and fruits to the Chandelier and transferred them all the blades of the ceiling fan. Then it perched on the curtain rod and went off to sleep.

Question 7.
How did zigzag communicate with the Krishnan’s?
Answer:
Zigzag did not communicate with the Krishnan’s although everyone tried several times and in several languages to speak to him, he only slept and snored.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 2 Zigzag

Question 8.
What was the e-mail message sent to Somu by Dr. Krishnan?
Answer:
Dr. Krishnan sent an email to Somu, asking for instructions on how to stop zigzag from snoring.

Question 9.
What did Aravind confess?
Answer:
Arvind confessed that for the first time in his life, he was actually looking forward to go to school. The school was as calm as a monastery compared to their house.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 2 Zigzag

Question 10.
Why did Mrs. Jhunjhunwala buy the painting?
Answer:
Mrs. jhunjhunwala bought the painting because she liked the new technique of- painting.

E. Answer the following questions in about 100-150 words:

Question 1.
Write a passage in your own words the various commotions caused by zigzag at Dr. Krishnan’s
Answer:
When Visu, the old cook of Dr. Somu brought Zigzag to Dr. Krishnan’s house, all were surprised to see such a strange and weird bird. It was a foot and a half tall. It was a multilingual talking- singing bird. It could talk and sing in twenty-one languages.

When it refused to say a word, Arvind brought some juicy fruits and nuts for the bird. It did not eat them but transferred one ‘ by one to the chandelier and on to the blades of the ceiling fan. Then it perched on a curtain rod, it sank his beak into plumpy guava and then went off to sleep. Then he began to snore. The snore became louder and very louder.

His snoring pounded their eardrums till their heads ached. When the fan was switched on by their maid, the painting of Mrs. Krishnan got spoilt by streaks of orange pulp spreading on it. His snoring troubled all the neighbors and they were complaining about it.

(OR)

Title: Zigzag
Author: Asha Nehemiah
Characters: Zigzag, Dr. Krishnan, Mrs. Krishnan, Dr. Somu, Aravind, the old-cook Visu and Lakshmi.
Theme: Things are not always as we think.

Dr. Somu left for Alaska. He had a pet bird. He sent it to Dr. Krishnan’s house through his old cook Visu. His name was Zigzag. All were surprised to see the strange bird. He was one and a half foot tall. He could talk and sing in 21 languages. But he did not speak a word. Aravind brought juicy fruits and nuts for zigzag.

He transferred them to the chandelier and on to the fan plates. He perched on the curtain rod and started sleeping and snoring. The snore became louder. It pounded their eardrums causing headaches. When the fan was switched on, the streaks of orange pulp spread on Mrs. Krishnan’s painting. It was spoilt. His snoring troubled all the neighbours and they were complaining about it.

(OR)

  1. The cook of Dr. Somu brought Zigzag to Dr. Krishnan’s house.
  2. All were surprised to see him
  3. He was a strange and wierd bird
  4. He could talk and sing in 21 languages
  5. But he did not say a word
  6. Aravind gave juicy fruits and nuts to him
  7. He did not eat but transferred them to the chandelier and fan plate
  8. He perched on the curtain rod and slept with snoring.
  9. When the maid Lakshmi switched on the fan the painting of Mrs. Krishnan got spoilt by the streaks of orange pulp
  10. The neighbours complained about the loud snoring of the bird as they were troubled.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 2 Zigzag

Question 2.
What happened when zigzag was taken to the clinic?
Answer:
Introduction:
Zigzag created lot of misunderstandings in Dr. Krishnan’S house. So he wanted to take zigzag to his clinic. Let us see below what happens in the clinic.

Zigzag’s arrival to clinic:
Dr. Krishnan took zigzag to the clinic. He warned him not to sleep. Zigzag went to the clinic and perched on the reception table. Dr. Krishnan heard some strange sound in the clinic.

Zigzag’s behaviour:
The strange sound was zigzag’s clear and commanding voice. There was complete silence in the clinic. Dr, Krishnan was amazed. Zigzag’s bored and grumpy expression was gone. He went about the job.

Conclusion:
Thus zigzag made the clinic completely silent. Zigzag efficiently comforted the frightened y patients. Dr. Krishnan thought that zigzag was an absolute treasure.

(OR)

Title: Zigzag
Author: Asha Nehemiah
Characters: Dr. Krishnan and Zigzag.
Theme: Change is the law of life.

Dr. Krishnan took Zigzag to the clinic. He asked him to wait in the car. He warned him not to sleep. But he was not used to being kept waiting. So he went into the clinic and perched on the reception table. Dr. Krishnan heard a voice when he hardly walked into his clinic. It was Zigzag’s clear and commanding voice.

There was silence in the room. Everyone waited, open mouth for his next sentence. Dr. Krishnan was amazed. Zigzag’s bored and grumpy expression was gone. Instead he looked happy and alert. He went about the job. He had been trained for the job with the doctors. The clinic became a calm and orderly place without any confusion. Zigzag efficiently comforted the frightened patients.

(OR)

  1. Dr. Krishnan took Zigzag to the clinic.
  2. He asked zigzag to wait in the car.
  3. But he went into the clinic and perched on the reception table.
  4. Dr. Krishnan heard a voice even before he went into his room
  5. There was a silence and everyone waited for Zigzag’s next sentence.
  6. Dr. Krishnan was amazed
  7. Zigzag’s bored and grumpy expression was gone
  8. Instead Zigzag looked happy and alert to do his job
  9. He comforted the frightened patients.
  10. Dr. Krishnan’s clinic became a calm place without confusion.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 2 Zigzag

Question 3.
Narrate the story zigzag in your own words.
Answer:
This story is about a multilingual weird bird, named Zigzag. Dr. Krishnan’s clinic usually sounded noisy because of the shouting and crying of children. His friend Dr. Somu requested him to shelter Zigzag, his pet as he was about to leave for Alaska.

When Zigzag was brought to his house, it did not speak to anyone. It could sing and talk in 21 different languages. But it did not speak any word to them. Instead, he transferred the fruits and nuts given to him to a Chandelier and to the blades of the ceiling fan. It perched on a curtain rod and went off to sleep. When the fan was switched on, all the fruits and nuts fell down.

The papaya slice splattered on the painting of Mrs. Krishnan and spoiled it. Mrs. Krishnan was irritated and persuaded Dr. Krishnan to send the bird away to Visu s house. So Dr. Krishnan took the bird to his clinic. There it commanded everyone in an orderly way. He brought peace, calmness and a disciplined atmosphere in the clinic. The painting which had been spoilt by Zigzag was sold out for ₹ 5,000. It was bought because the new technique in painting was liked by the buyer. Thus Mr. Krishnan’s family invited Zigzag to stay with them for another week.

(OR)

This is a story about Zigzag, a multilingual bird. Dr. Somu who left for Alaska asked Dr. Krishnan to shelter him. Visu brought him to Dr. Krishnan’s house. He did not speak to anyone though he could talk and sing in 21 languages. Instead, he transferred the fruits and nuts to a chandelier and the fan plates.

Then he perched on a curtain rod and went to sleep. When the fan was switched on the fruit slices fell off spoiling the painting of Mrs. Krishnan. She got irritated and told her husband to send Zigzag to Visu’s house. Dr. Krishnan took him to his clinic.

Zigzag commanded the patients and the clinic became a calm and orderly place. The spoilt painting was sold for Rs. 5000. The buyer considered it as a new technique of painting. Mrs. Krishnan wanted to keep Zigzag for another week.

(OR)

  1. Zigzag was a bird.
  2. Dr. Krishnan was a child specialist.
  3. Vishu brought zigzag to Dr. Krishnan’s house.
  4. Zigzag could speak 21 languages.
  5. But the bird didn’t speak a word.
  6. Zigzag fell asleep and began to snore.
  7. Its loud snore disturbed everyone.
  8. Mrs. Krishnan’s painting was spoiled
  9. Mrs. Krishnan was very angry.
  10. Dr. Krishnan took zigzag to the clinic.
  11. At the clinic it helped to maintain calmness.
  12. It made the children laugh.
  13. It recited the French poetry.
  14. So the family decided to keep him with them.
  15. Everyone is happy now.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th Books Solutions Guide

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Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Tamilnadu State Board New Syllabus Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Pdf Prose Chapter 4 The Attic Questions and Answers, Summary, Notes.

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Warm up

Look at the image given below.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question 1.
Pick out the qualities that you possess and qualities that you expect from your siblings / friends.
Answer:
Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question 2.
Working in pairs, find out the mutual qualities that you and your friend share. Justify your top priority with his / hers. Mutual Qualities I and my friends share. Top priority with his / hers.
Answer:

  1. Love
  2. Forgiveness
  3. Friendship

Forgiveness is the top priority of all these mutual qualities. Forgiveness is possible if only one has love for others. This unique quality paves way to forgiveness and freindship.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question 3.
Discuss in group the need for human values?
Answer:
Man is a social animal. Man possesses human values which makes him superior. The human values unite the human beings. These values make each human being to love, care, forgive and respect one another. Faith is another virtue that helps us be hopeful in life and other matters. It helps us to have confidence and courage.

10th English Guide The Attic InText Questions and Answers

Question (a)
When did Aditya leave the local school?
Answer:
Aditya left the local school after he had passed the matriculation examination.

Question (b)
Why did Aditya think that the school would not be recognisable?
Answer:
The School had undergone many changes. So Aditya thought that the school would not be recognisable.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question (c)
Who were Aditya’s ancestors?
Answer:
Aditya’s ancestors were once the Zamindars.

Question (d)
How was the landscape through which they travelled?
Answer:
The landscape was spotted with paddy fields on either side of the road.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question (e)
What did Aditya visit?
Answer:
Aditya visited his school first. Beyond the iron gates were the playing field and the two-storeyed school building.

Question (f)
Where was Nagen’s uncle’s shop?
Answer:
Nagen’s uncle’s shop was next to the grocery shop and opposite the Lord Shiva temple.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question (g)
Besides tea, what did Nagen’s uncle have in his shop?
Answer:
Besides tea, he had biscuits and savouries.

Question (h)
What did Nagen’s uncle tell about Sanyal?
Answer:
Nagen’s uncle told that Sanyal was short of sight and hearing. He had no money to buy spectacles.

Question (i)
In what way was Mr. Sanyal’s behaviour strange?
Answer:
Mr. Sanyal suddenly stood up, stretched himself, raised his lean right arm, and with eyes wide open, began to recite a poem by Tagore – “Panraksha”. After reciting, he left the place making a gesture of Namaste to nobody in particular.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question (j)
What did Nagen’s uncle tell about Sanyal’s past life?
Answer:
Sanyal led a cursed life. He sold his lands to do his daughter’s marriage. He had lost his wife and son.

Question (k)
How did Sanyal show that he had a sense of self-respect?
Answer:
Sanyal had tea and biscuits in Nagen’s tea shop. But he never failed to pay for it. This shows that he had a sense of self-respect.

Question (l)
Why was the attics favourite place for the children?
Answer:
They seem to be in a world of their own.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question (m)
What did Aditya do on reaching the attic?
Answer:
He searched for an article and found it on top of the packing case in the attic.

Question (n)
What did the jeweller say about the article?
Answer:
The jeweller told that the article was an antique.

Question (o)
Was Sanyal happy about his visitors?
Answer:
No, he was not happy about his visitors.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question (p)
Why did Sanyal recite the poem ¡n the tea shop earlier?
Answer:
She recited the poem in order to make Aditya remember the incidents on the prize-giving day.

Question (q)
What was engraved on the medal?
Answer:
Sriman Sasanka Sanyal – Special Prize for Recitation – 1948.

10th English Guide The Attic Textbook Questions and Answers

Answer the following questions in two or three sentences.

Question 1.
Write a few lines about the owner of the shop?
Answer:
The owner of the shop was Nagen’s uncle. He was sixty. He was rustic in appearance. He was white neatly combed hair and clean look. He was wearing dhoti and a blue striped shirt with a green shawl over it.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question 2.
What was the daily routine of Sanyal?
Answer:
Sanyal comes to the tea shop, has tea and biscuits, and always remembers to pay for it as he has an acute sense of self-respect.

Question 3.
Why was there a sudden change in Aditya’s expression?
Answer:
On hearing Sanyal recite the poem. It was the same poem recited on the prize-giving day. So there was a sudden change in Aditya’s expression.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question 4.
Why did Aditya decide to visit his ancestral home?
Answer:
Aditya decided to visit his ancestral house to take the medal from his attic.

Question 5.
What was the condition of the attic?
Answer:
A portion of the wall of the attic had damaged. The floor was dirty with straw and bird’s dropping.

Question 6.
When did Aditya heave a sigh of relief? why?
Answer:
Aditya heaved a sigh of relief, when he had got what he had been looking for in the attic. It was a silver medal belonged to Sanyal. He took it from him twenty-nine years ago and lied that was lost. Now he wanted to return it to him.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question 7.
Why did Aditya and his friend go to the jeweller?
Answer:
To find out the weight of the silver medal.

Question 8.
What did Aditya offer Sanyal?
Answer:
Aditya offered Sanyal one hundred and fifty rupees. It was the price of the medal, which Sanyal received in school for recitation.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question 9.
‘Your grievances are absolutely justified’ Who says this to whom? Why?
Answer:
Aditya said these words to Sanyal. He had wished to pay the cost of the medal to him.

Additional Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Where did Aditya continue his studies after his Matriculation examination?
Answer:
Aditya continued his studies in Calcutta after his matriculation examination.

Question 2.
When did Aditya leave his ancestral house?
Answer:
Aditya left his ancestral house twenty-nine years ago.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question 3.
Who were the Zamindar of Bramhapur?
Answer:
Aditya’s ancestors were the Zamindar of Bramhapur.

Question 4.
What did Aditya’s father do in Kolkata?
Answer:
Aditya’s father set up his own business in Kolkata.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question 5.
What happened after Aditya’s father’s death?
Answer:
Aditya was looking after his father’s business, after his death.

Question 6.
Where did Aditya and his friend decide to go and have tea?
Answer:
Aditya and his friend decided to go and have tea at Nagen’s tea shop.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question 7.
Where were Aditya and his friend coming from?
Answer:
Aditya and his friend were coming from Deodarganj.

Question 8.
What did Aditya and his friend ask Nagen’s uncle to give them?
Answer:
Aditya and his friend asked Nagen’s uncle to give them two nankhatai each.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question 9.
Why did Nagen’s uncle remind Mr. Sanyal to go home?
Answer:
Nagen uncle reminded Mr. Sanyal to go home as it was already 4 p.m

Question 10.
What was Sanyal doing when Aditya and his friend enter Sanyal’s house?
Answer:
Sanyal was busy reciting verses from Tagore when Aditya and his friend entered his house.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question 11.
How did Sanyal recognise Aditya at Nagen uncle’s tea shop?
Answer:
Sanyal recognised Aditya at Nagen uncle’s tea shop by the mole on his right cheek.

Question 12.
Why did Sanyal recite the same poem he had recited on the prize-giving day?
Answer:
Sanyal recited the same poem that he had recited on the prize-giving day so that Aditya might remember the incidents of that day.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question 13.
What did Aditya request Sanyal with the money?
Answer:
Aditya requested Sanyal that he would be happy if he had accepted the money.

Question 14.
Why did Sanyal not accept the money?
Answer:
Sanyal did not accept the money because the money would be spent soon.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question 15.
How would Sanyal have forgotten the unpleasant incident of his childhood?
Answer:
Sanyal would have forgotten the unpleasant incident of his childhood if he could get the medal back.

Question 16.
What happened eventually after twenty-nine long years?
Answer:
The medal that had been hidden in the attic for twenty – nine long years was eventually restored to its owner.

B. Answer in detail the following questions in about 100-150 words.

Question 1.
Give a detailed account of all thoughts and questions in the narrator’s mind while accompanying Aditya from the tea shop to Sanyal’s house?
Answer:
The narrator had noticed the keen interest of Aditya in seeing the tea shop at Bramhapur if it still existed. They saw Sasanka Sanyal another customer seated in one comer of the Nagen’s Tea Cabin. When that customer was asked to leave by Nagen the owner, he behaved strangely and reacted sharply. Before leaving the place, he stretched himself, raised his lean arm and with diluted eyes recited a poem by Tagore.

On hearing this poem and seeing the customer’s strange gesture of Namaste, Aditya’s expression changed. The narrator noticed the eagerness in Aditya to know who the gentlemen were and what he was doing. The information he had received from Nagen’s uncle perturbed Aditya. He was distressed perhaps to know that the man lost his wife and only son last year.

When he left, Aditya was bent on knowing where the gentleman stayed and drove straight to his ancestral house with firm determination. His nerves seemed overwrought for some reason and he felt a strong necessity to visit his house. Aditya was totally a different person now and he expressed keen interest to visit his house where he lived twenty-nine years ago.
“Memories are sometimes pleasant yet disturbing.”

(OR)

Title: The Attic
Author: Satyajit Ray
Character: Aditya, his friend, Nagens Uncle and Sasanka Sanyal
Theme: Every moment is a memory waiting to happen.

The narrator and Aditya visited Nagen’s tea shop. Aditya was surprised to see the strange behaviour of Sanyal. But Sanyal noticed the change in Aditya’s expression. Aditya did not give any reason for it. He collected the details about Sanyal from Nagen’s uncle. He went to his ancestral house.

The narrator thought that Aditya wanted to see his house. He went there and found a medal in the attic. He took it to the jeweller to find out the weight. The narrator asked what it was. He told him that he would know about it soon. Then they went to Jogesh Kabiraj’s house. There they saw Mr. Sanyal. Now the narrator cleared all his doubts through Aditya’s actions.

(OR)

  1. The narrator and Aditya visited Nagen’s tea shop
  2. Aditya was surprised to see Sanyal’s strange behaviour
  3. Mr. Sanyal also noticed the change in Adítya’s expression.
  4. Aditya gave no reason for it.
  5. He got the detail about Sanyal from Nagen’s uncle.
  6. He went to his ancestral house.
  7. He found a medal there ¡n the attic.
  8. He did not tell the narrator anything about it.
  9. He went to the jeweller to find out its weight.
  10. Then he went to Jogesh Kabirajts house.
  11. There they saw Mr.Sanyal.
  12. Now the narrator understood everything about Aditya’s actions.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question 2.
‘Man does change with time – What were the various changes that came about in Aditya?
Answer:
Introduction:
Twenty-nine years ago, Aditya was the child of a wealthy family. Sanyal and Aditya studied in the same school. Sanyal was always in the first position. Aditya was jealous of Sanyal. One day he took the medal of Sanyal and did not return to him. He told me that he last it.

Narrator’s visit:
The narrator and his friend Aditya had visited Aditya’s village after 29 years. They went to Nagen’s uncle’s tea shop. They saw green fields on either side of the road. They met Nagen uncle. They had tea and biscuits in Nagen’s uncle’s shop.

Visiting Sanyal:
They met Sasanka Sanyal there. Sanyal suddenly stood up and began to recite the poem “Panraksha” by Tagore. The narrator noticed a sudden change in Aditya’s face. Aditya wanted to see his ancestral house. After reaching, he went to the attic and searched for a medal. The narrator was confused. They went to the jeweller to find out the weight. Not knowing the narrator asked Aditya to which he didn’t answer.

Conclusion:
They went to Kabiraj’s house where Sanyal stayed. Aditya confessed Sanyal for his act of stealing his medal.Then only the narrator know all answers for the questions in his mind.

Title: The Attic
Author: Satyajit Ray
Character: Aditya, his friend, Nagen’s Uncle and Sasanka Sanyal .
Theme: Every moment is a memory waiting to happen.

The narrator and Aditya visited Nagen’s tea shop. Aditya was surprised to see the strange behaviour of Sanyal. But Sanyal noticed the change in Aditya’s expression. Aditya did not give any reason for it. He collected the details about Sanyal from Nagen’s uncle. He went to his ancestral house.

The narrator thought that Aditya wanted to see his house. He went there and found a medal in the attic. He took it to the jeweller to find out the weight. The narrator asked what it was. He told him that he would know about it soon. Then they went to Jogesh Kabiraj’s house. There they saw Mr. Sanyal. Now the narrator cleared all his doubts through Aditya’s actions.

(OR)

  1. Aditya visited his village after 29 years
  2. He saw Sanyal at the tea shop
  3. Sanyal recited a poem.
  4. Aditya was shocked.
  5. He visited his old house.
  6. He found a medal in the Attic.
  7. He met Sanyal and paid 150 rupees.
  8. Sanyal refused to take it.
  9. He asked for the medal.
  10. He got the medal and felt very happy.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question 3.
Give a brief character sketch of Sasanka Sanyal?
Answer:
Conclusion:
Aditya brought the medal and gave it to Sanyal. He was happy. His joy has no bounds when he got the medal back. For him, his reputation was greater than the money.

Sasanka Sanyal was a wise and intelligent student. Perhaps luck never favoured him. He may have been a book-worm. However, he was overpowered by his friends because of his innocence. Hence, Aditya Narayan Chowdhury exploits him and takes away the Silver medal that he had received for Poetry Recitation. He had a wonderful memory power and could recall every single incident of his past.

He remembered Aditya when he saw him in Nagen’s Tea Cabin and confirmed his memory seeing his mole on the right cheek. He was rude in his behavior towards Aditya as he did not want to suppress his feelings and vented out his anger on him. He was remorseful after the death of his family members.

He whiled away his time at Nagen’s shop yet never gave up his self-respect and paid for the cup of coffee and biscuits if in case he had. Financially, he wasn’t comfortable since he couldn’t afford even a spectacle because of his partial deformity in his eye-sight.
“Self-respect permeates every aspect of your life.”

(OR)

Sasanka Sanya and Aditya studied in the same school. Sanyal was a brilliant student. He always stood in the first position. Aditya was not good at their studies. He could not beat Sanyal. One day Sanyal received a prize for reciting Tagore’s poem, ‘Panraksha’. Aditya was jealous and he could not bear it. He took his medal and never returned it. Sanyal was angry but did not show it out.

They met again at Nagen’s tea shop after 29 years. Sanyal lived a cursed life. But he did not forget any incident of the past. He lost his wife and son. He sold his lands to get his daughter married. Then he got changed. Aditya gave him 150 rupees for the medal. But Sanyal refused it. He wanted his medal back. Aditya returned the medal to him. He was happy to regain his glory.

(OR)

  1. Sasanka Sanyal and Aditya were class mates.
  2. Sanyal was a brilliant student.
  3. Aditya could not beat him.
  4. One day Sanyal received a prize for reciting Tagore’s poem.
  5. Aditya was jealous.
  6. Aditya took the medal and never returned it.
  7. After 29 years they met again at Nagen’s tea shop.
  8. Sanyal led a cursed life without his wife and son.
  9. Aditya gave 150 rupees as a price for his medal.
  10. Sanyal wanted only his medal and not the money.
  11. Aditya gave the medal and Sanyal was very happy

Vocabulary:

Compound words:
A compound word is a combination of two or more words that function as a single unit of meaning. Ex: two-storeyed, neatly-combed, overwrought.

C. Complete the following table with two more compound words.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic
Answer:
Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

D. Combine the words in column A with those in column B to form compound words as many as you can.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic
Answer:
Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

E. Form compound words from the boxes given below and fill in the blanks in the sentences that follow with the appropriate compound words.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic
Answer:
Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

  1. Siva visited the hairstylist to have a clean …………….
  2. Tharani had given the sarees for ………………..
  3. The ……………….. is a natural process that warms the earth’s surface.
  4. Never wait for an ……………….. to wake you up.
  5. The children were late to school as there was a ………………… near the toll plaza.
  6. The government expects every individual to promptly pay the ………………….
  7. People usually wear ……………….. during summer.
  8. The patients were asked to sit in the ………………. until the doctor arrived.
  9. With teamwork, we are able to multiply our ………………..
  10. The room was looking bright with the colourful ………………..

Answers:

  1. hair cut
  2. dry cleaning
  3. greenhouse
  4. alarm clock
  5. traffic jam
  6. income tax
  7. sunglasses
  8. waiting room
  9. output
  10. wallpaper

Affixes:

F. (i) Form new words by adding appropriate prefix/suffix:

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic
Answers:

  1. inaccurate
  2. misunderstand
  3. malpractice
  4. bio-technology
  5. fashionable
  6. indifferent/differential
  7. childish/childhood
  8. nationalise
  9. original/originality
  10. enjoyable

F. (ii) Frame sentences of your own using any five newly formed words.

  1. He remembered …………… Childhood days.
  2. There is a great ……………… advancement in the world.
  3. This is an ……………… copy.
  4. Ooty is ……………. in summer.
  5. A few students were caught in ……………… in the public examination.

Answers:

  1. childhood
  2. technological
  3. original
  4. enjoyable
  5. malpractice

G. Fill in the blanks by adding appropriate prefix/suffix to the words given in brackets.

  1. He was sleeping ……………… on his couch. (comfort)
  2. Kavya rides a ……………….. to school. (cycle)
  3. There was only a ………………… of people in the theatre. (hand)
  4. It is ………………. to cut sandalwood treeš. (legal)
  5. The ………………. of the President has been expected for the last half an hour. (arrive)
  6. The man behaved ………………… in front of the crowd. (normal)
  7. Swathy had no ……………….. of visiting the doctor. (intend)
  8. The bacteria are so small that you need a ……………….. to see them. (scope)

Answers:

  1. comfortable
  2. bicycle
  3. handful
  4. illegal
  5. arrival
  6. normally
  7. intention
  8. microscope

Grammar:

A. Complete the sentences given below choosing the right connectors given in brackets.

  1. Call me ………………. you need money, (so that, in order that, in case)
  2. I forgot …………….. I had to meet the Principal, (whether, that, if)
  3. ……………….. he is ninety years old, he is in the pink of health, (when, since, though)
  4. It is raining. Take an umbrella ………………. you will get drenched, (or else, and, but)
  5. They faced many hardships ……………….. they are always cheerful, (although, nevertheless, otherwise)

Answers:

  1. in case
  2. that
  3. Though
  4. or else
  5. nevertheless

B. Fill in the blanks with the connector that goes with the underlined words.

  1. Both the minister ……………. the officers visited the affected areas.
  2. Jaya teaches not only English ……………. Science.
  3. Either Raghu …………… Bala will have to buy vegetables from the market.
  4. No sooner did I enter the house ………….. it started drizzling.

Answers:

  1. and
  2. but also
  3. or
  4. than

C. Combine the pairs of sentences using appropriate connectors.

Question 1.
We came late. We did not miss the train?
Answer:
Although we came late, we did not miss the train

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question 2.
They checked the packet twice. Then they sealed it.
Answer:
After they checked the packet twice, they šealed it.

Question 3.
Sita saw a snake. At once she ran away?
Answer:
As soon as Sita saw a snake, she ran away.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question 4.
Robert completed the project. Did he submit it to the teacher?
Answer:
When Robert completed the project, he submitted it to the teacher.

Question 5.
Yusuf was running at a high temperature. He could not take part in the competition?
Answer:
Since Yusuf was running a high temperature, he could not take part in the competition.

D. Tick the correct linker.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic
Answer:
Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

E. Supply suitable linkers.

1. “ ………………. I was alive and had a human heart, “answered the statue, “I did not know what tears were, ……………….. I lived in the palace …………………. sorrow was not allowed to enter. My courtiers called me the Happy Prince …………………… Happy Indeed I was. So I lived and …………………. I died.
2. Many writers make incorrect sentences ……………………. they try to put sentences together. They may nake grammatical errors ………………….. leave out important punctuation marks. Making such mistakes is quite common ……………………. preparing the first draft. …………………. he must carefully edit his final draft.
3. In most large cities ………………… towns of our country, there are special schools for girls, there are many co-educational schools …………………. girls boys study together. Most parents allow their daughters to attend these schools, ……………….. there are some parents
are against such schools for girls …………………. the age of 14 or 15.
Answers:
1. When, for, where, and, so
2. when, and, while, so
3. and, likewise, where, and, but, who, after

Answer and J likewise where J and but 1 who after

2. Many writers make incorrect sentences they try to put sentences together. They may
make grammatical errors leave out important punctuation marks. Making such mistakes
is quite common in preparing the first draft. he must carefully edit his final
draft.
Answer when and while so

F. Rearrange the words in the correct order to make meaningful sentences.

1. as / I / healthy / are / you / am / as
Answer:
I am as healthy as you are!

2. your / today / put on / new / since / is / birthday /dress / the
Answer:
Since today is your birthday puton the new dress.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

3. allergic / dogs / Rani / though / is / to / of / six / she / them / has
Answer:
Though Rani is allergic to dogs, she has six of them.

4. speaks / Ruben / besides / German / languages / two
Answer:
Ruben speaks two languages besides German.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

5. loan / apply / you / if / for / you / a / get / will / immediately / it /
Answer:
If you apply for a loan, you will get it immediately.

G. Nominalisation

Write the noun forms of the following words.

  1. beautiful
  2. breathe
  3. enter
  4. know
  5. deafen
  6. zealous
  7. familiar
  8. accept
  9. dangerous

Answer:

  1. beauty
  2. breath
  3. entrance
  4. knowledge
  5. deaf
  6. zeal, zealot, zealousness
  7. familiarity
  8. acceptance
  9. danger

H. Complete the following sentences using the noun form of the words given in brackets.

  1. The boy had to give a proper …………………. for being late. (explain)
  2. They could make ………………….. about the future. (predict)
  3. At one point in life, he had no …………………. but to trust his friend. (choose)
  4. The monuments are to be preserved because of their historical ………………… (significant)
  5. It is very difficult to work with so many …………………. (distract)

Answers:

  1. explanation
  2. prediction
  3. choice
  4. significance
  5. distraction

I. Rewrite the sentence nominalising the underlined words. The first one has been done for you.

Ex: Students work diligently to score well in exams.
Students work with diligence to score well in exams.

1. We succeeded in our attempt.
We got success in our attempt.

2. Nalini leads a happy life.
Nalini leads a life of happiness.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

3. She failed and it disappointed her.
She failed and it was a disappointment to her.

4. India became an independent country in the year 1947.
India got independence in the year 1947

5. The child resembles her father.
The child has a resemblance of her father.

J. Combine the pairs of sentences given below into a single sentence using the noun form of the highlighted words.

1. He is an honest person. Everyone likes him.
Because of his honesty, everyone likes him.

2. Sathya gave an explanation. The police wanted her to prove it.
Though Sathya gave an explanation the police wanted proof for it.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

3. He speaks well. It attracts all.
His speech gets an attraction from all.

4. Suresh is always punctual and regular. It has earned him a good job.
The punctuality and regularity of Suresh earned him a good job.

5. The policeman arrived quickly. It made us happy.
The quick arrival of the policeman made us happy.

K. Complete the sentences in the paragraph using the appropriate form of words given in brackets.

Question 1.
My sister wanted to go to Mumbai last week. She made a ………………. (decide) to buy a ticket at once. As ……………. (reserve) could be done online, she gave (prefer) to book a ticket that way. First, she collected ……………….. (inform) about the …………….. (arrive) and ………………. (depart) of trains and airplanes.
Answers:
decision, reservation, preference, information, arrival, departure

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question 2.
A few days later, Androcles was captured by his master. He had to suffer all kinds of ………………… (punish). At last, he was thrown to a lion which was in great ……………….. (hungry). It had been kept in an ……………….. (enclose) and had not been fed for several days. His friends stood there with ……………….. (tear) eyes as the lion rushed towards him. The lion stopped near him and stood for a while ………………… (look) at him. Then it lay down by his side like a pet dog. (obvious), the lion recognized Androcles and the ………………… (help) he had given it.
Answers:
punishment, hunger, enclosure, tearful, looking, obviously, help

L. Identify the phrases in the following sentences and classify them as Adjective, Adverb, or Noun phrases.

  1. The girl in ………………. is my sister. [Adjective phrase]
  2. Kohli hopes to win ……………….. [Noun phrase]
  3. The train halts ……………….. [Adverb phrase]
  4. I have never seen ………………. [Noun phrase]
  5. She worked in …………………. [Adverb phrase]

Answers:

  1. in blue saree
  2. the trophy
  3. at every junction
  4. such a picture
  5. an enthusiastic manner

Kinds Of Clauses:

1. Adverb Clause:
It modifies the verb, that is, it tells something about the action. This Clause gives details about the action.

Example:
The students were sitting quietly in the classroom until the teacher arrived.
(The highlighted part of the sentence speaks about the time of the action)

2. Noun Clause:
This clause functions as a noun.
Example: Whoever wins the contest will get a prize.
(The highlighted portion acts as a noun here)

3. Adjective Clause:
It acts as an adjective and describes a noun.
Example: I went to the place where I was born.
(The highlighted words describes the place)

M. Identify the clauses and classify them accordingly.

  1. Ram bought a pen ………………… [Adjective clause]
  2. Come back ………………… [Adverb clause]
  3. Most of her friends ………………… attended her wedding. [Noun clause]
  4. My brother visits my father ……………….. [Adverb clause]
  5. Call me ……………….. [Adverb clause]
  6. ………………… the old woman cannot step out of her house. [Adverb clause]
  7. She knows ………………… [Noun clause]
  8. You can go ………………….. [Adverb clause]

Answers:

  1. that doesn’t write well
  2. as soon as possible
  3. whom she had invited
  4. whenever he comes to Chennai
  5. in case there is an emergency
  6. Until the sun sets
  7. where I go
  8. wherever you want

Listening:

N. Fill in the blanks:

  1. ………………… into your IRCTC account.
  2. Fill in the information asked to you in …………………. section.
  3. The ……………….. and ………………… of your journey must also be selected.
  4. List of ……………….. trains will appear.
  5. You must check on the ………………….. and …………………. for the train of your choice.
  6. Your personal details like ………………. are ………………… must.
  7. After filling information and captcha click on …………………. booking.
  8. You can make the payment either by …………………. or …………………..

Answers:

  1. Login
  2. book your ticket
  3. the starting point, destination
  4. available
  5. availability, fare
  6. name, date of birth
  7. continue
  8. credit/debit cards, e-wallets

Reading:

Read the following letter from a parent to her son’s coach and answer the questions given below:

Dear coach,

Thanks for the special gifts that you have given to my child. You learned his name and spoke it often. You taught him the basics of the sport as well as special ways to improve and excel. Although you had a whole team of kids to mentor, you took time for individual instruction where needed.

Under your care, I have watched him transform from a timid, doubting child to a strong, happy player willing to give all for the team. Throughout the season when he gave his best, even though it was not quite enough to gain that extra point, you recognised his contribution with a pat on the back and encouraging words.

Your wise approach showed him that, although winning is a goal, there are other goals just as worthy. He learned the value of finishing what he started and joy of personal accomplishment. These attributes carried him through a season that was full of hard work and fun, discouragement and resolve, defeat and victory.

And at the very end, at the championship meet when he brought home his first-place medal, you were among those who were so very proud of how far he had come.

It is a victory to all of us. What amazes me is you’ve taught them skills that will last a lifetime. You’ve kindled in them a desire to excel. The medals, trophies and ribbons are all symbols of real gifts. These most certainly have had to come straight from your heart.

With appreciation,
A parent.

P. Answer the following questions:

Question 1.
What did the coach teach the child?
Answer:
The coach taught the child the basics of sports as well as special ways to improve and excel.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question 2.
What values did the child learn?
Answer:
He learned the value of finishing what he started and the joy of personal accomplishments.

Question 3.
The parents noticed some changes in the child. What were they?
Answer:
The child had transformed from a timid, doubting child to a strong, happy player willing to give all for a team.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 4 The Attic

Question 4.
Read the letter again and write a few lines on each of the following:
(a) things that the coach taught ………………….
Basics of sports as well as special ways to improve and excel.

(b) transformation in the child …………………
He was transformed from a timid, doubting child to a strong, happy player willing to give all for the team.

(c) things that amazed the writer ………………….
The coach taught him the skills that will last a lifetime. He had kindled in them a desire to excel.

5. Find sentences /words from the text which express the following:

(a) The parent’s earlier view of the child.
Answer:
He was a timid and doubting child

(b) One of the qualities of the teacher.
Answer:
Wise approach

(c) Words related to the prize.
Answer:
Medals, trophies, and ribbons.

Q. Prepare notice for the following

Notice
GOVERNMENT HIGHER
SECONDARY SCHOOL, TRICHY
World Elder’s Day15 November 20 ……………. All the students are informed that our school is celebrating World Elders’ Day on the 20th of December at 3.30 p.m. in our school auditorium. Interested students are requested to bring their grandparents for the celebration. Tea and snacks will be provided. Fun activities will also be organised.

Nikhil/Nikita
Head Boy/ Head Girl

(i) You are the school monitor, of Modern Matriculation School, Villupuram. Your school Principal has requested you to inform the students about a trip to Yercaud for 3 days. Prepare a notice giving the details such as date of journey, mode of transportation, amount, dress code, etc.
Answer:

Notice
Modern Matriculation School, Villupuram
3 DAYS TRIP TO YERCAUD
20th September, 2020Dear Students,
You are informed that a trip to Yercaud has been planned for 3 days on 15, 16, 17 October 2020. The total cost for transportation by luxury coach, boarding, and lodging is Rs.2500/- only. Students who are interested may register their names at our school office by 3 October 2020. All must come to school in uniform only.

Ranjit Kumar
School monitor

(ii) You are the Secretary of Park Circus Residents Welfare Association. Write a notice to inform the residents of your colony of a Meditation program under the guidance of Dr. P. Ranjit with a view to understanding the self better. The program is exclusively for the residents It will be conducted on the second Saturday of the following month between 7.00 a.m. to 9.00 a.m. at the children’s park nearby.
Answer:

Notice
Park Circus Residents Welfare Association Meditation Programme
15 September, 2020A meditation programme has been organised under the guidance of Dr. P. Ranjit at the children’s park in our colony. It is to be conducted on the second Saturday of May between 7.00 am to 9 a.m. All the residents of our colony are asked to participate with a view to understanding the self better.

Premnath
Secretary

(iii) You are Ganesh/Gayathri Head boy/Head girl, of your school. Write a notice for your school notice board informing the students about the ‘Fancy Fete’ that is going to be organised on your school campus on the 10th of next month.
Answer:

Notice
Loyola Matriculation School,
NGO A Colony, Tirunelveli 627 007
25 July, 2020A ‘Fancy Fete’ will be conducted in our school premises on 10th August 2020. Students who wish to participate in this programme may give their names to their respective class teachers on or before 30 July 2020.

Gayathri
Head Girl

R. write an article on the following:

(i) You are Jansi/Avinash of Class X studying in GHSS, Chengalpet. You believe that physical activities improve our health and reduce the risk of sickness. It has got immediate and long term benefits. Write an article in not more than 150-200 words for your school magazine stressing the importance of physical activities in a students day to day life.

Physical Activities
By Jansi

There are many reasons why regular activity boosts our health. We know that being active is one of the best ways to keep our bodies healthy. Regular physical activity or exercise can relieve stress, anxiety, depression, and anger. One may feel a good sensation after doing physical activity. Most people notice that they feel better over time as physical activity becomes a regular part of their lives.

Without regular activity, our body slowly loses it strength, stamina, and ability to function properly. Exercises increase muscle strength, which in turn increases our ability to do other physical activities. Physical exercise makes our muscles strong and stout. It helps to digest food. It also helps the free circulation of blood and keeps our minds fresh.

As a result, the people who take physical exercise regularly are free from various diseases. It should be taken at the proper place and time. It should be taken in an open area in the morning or in the evening. As health is wealth, we should take physical exercise regularly to keep this wealth good. It should also be remembered that too much physical exercise is harmful to health. Needless to say that over-exercise can deform and fracture different organs of our bodies.

(ii) The service provided by the conservancy workers in your city is very poor. You find all the street corners dumped with garbage thrown by the residents of the locality. It causes a menace for the public at large. You are Ramya/Rajan of Class X, studying in TM Model School, Dharmapuri. Write an article in about 150-200 words to the editor of The Indian Express, about this and suggest ways by which the situation could be improved.

Garbage Menace
By Rajan

I would like to bring to the notice of the authority concerned through your leading newspaper about the garbage menace in our locality. The sanitary condition of our streets is getting worse as they are dumped with garbage thrown by the residents of this area.

It causes a menace for the public at large. The streets with heaps of garbage as the sweepers absent themselves often, though we have complained to the authorities, we haven’t got any response from them.

These garbage heaps are a source of noxious stink and spreading of so many diseases. This garbage has lots of plastic and other dangerous substances in it. When these substances are burnt toxic gases are released into the atmosphere.

These pose a serious threat to the health of residents especially children and aged people. I appeal to the authorities concerned to look into this matter and take stern actions for the speedy disposal of the garbage heaps.

(iii) Recently while returning home from school you were knocked down by a speeding motorcycle. You escaped with minor injuries. You are Kishore/ Kavitha of class XI, studying in GHSS, Coimbatore. Write an article to The Hindu, in about 150-200 words expressing your concern about the increasing number of road accidents due to reckless driving. Also, stress the importance of following traffic rules.

The importance of following Traffic Rules.
By Kishore

Traffic rules are framed to protect us on the road. We must follow them carefully, when we fail to follow them, we are not only putting ourselves at risk but also the innocent bystanders and drivers. By following the rules of the road, practicing good driving skills, and generally taking care as a good road user, one may play a vital role in preventing an accident.

As the traffic is increasing day by day in the country, the government is making new roads for a better environment and to avoid such hustle and bustle on the roads. It is necessary that rules are to be followed by each and every citizen.

People have to follow the traffic signals sincerely. This helps them for their safe journey. People should also avoid using mobile phones while driving a motor car or motorcycle. If we follow the rules of the road, the accidents will not follow us. I request you to publish in the column of your esteemed daily for the benefits of the motorists as well as the public.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Book Back Answers Solutions

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Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 7 A Dilemma

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Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 7 A Dilemma

10th English Guide Supplementary A Dilemma Textbook Questions and Answers

A. Read the given lines carefully and identify the character / speaker:

Question 1.
I suppose you think me queer. I will explain?
Answer:
Uncle Philip

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 7 A Dilemma

Question 2.
Don’t come back. I won’t hasten things?
Answer:
Uncle Philip

Question 3.
He thought it simply a cruel jest?
Answer:
Tom’s Father Confessor.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 7 A Dilemma

Question 4.
He did not desire to do so?
Answer:
Professor Clinch

Question 5.
He would think it over and come back later?
Answer:
The collector

B. Based on your understanding of the story, answer the following briefly.

Question 1.
What did the uncle do as soon as he bought a stone?
Answer:
As soon the uncle bought a stone, he carried it in his pocket for a month and now and then he took it out and looked at it.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 7 A Dilemma

Question 2.
What did the uncle bequeath to the narrator?
Answer:
The uncle bequeathed an iron safe containing gems and a dynamite that would explode in his safe.

Question 3.
What was the condition laid by the uncle to inherit his property?
Answer:
The uncle asked Tom to open the box with belief and trust which increase his expectation and desire. If he doubted and opened the dynamite would explode.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 7 A Dilemma

Question 4.
Why do you think Tom happily looked forward to the expenditure for his uncle’s funeral?
Answer:
Tom thought he would become a very rich man after his uncle died when he inherited the box of gems.

Question 5.
Write a few words about the mechanism used in the iron box?
Answer:
The box contained an interesting mechanism. It will act with certainty as one unlocks it, and explode 9 1/2 ounces of his improved, super sensitive dynamite one must open without doubting to desire a fortune. If they doubt, the person will be blown to atoms.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 7 A Dilemma

Question 6.
What was the counsel offered to the narrator?
Answer:
The narrator was counselled to give up thinking about the box and its contents

Question 7.
Why and when was the narrator shocked?
Answer:
The narrator was shocked when he read the letter that the box contained sensitive dynamite.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 7 A Dilemma

Question 8.
What was the doctor’s warning to Tom?
Answer:
The doctor warned Tom not to lose his mind thinking a lot about the rubies.

Question 9.
Why didn’t Tom dare to assign the task of unlocking the box to someone?
Answer:
Tom felt a stranger had no right to be subjected to the trial that he dare not face. So he did not want a stranger to open the box.

C. Answer the questions given below in a paragraph of 150 words.

Question 1.
Describe briefly the contents of the letter written by Tom’s uncle.
Answer:
Title: A Dilemma
Character: Tom and Uncle Philip
Author: Silas Weir Mitchell
Theme: ‘A Bird in hand is worth two in the bush’

In his letter Uncle Philip wrote that the box contained a large number of fine pigeon – blood rubies and a lot of diamonds of which one was a beautiful blue diamond. There were hundreds of pearls, a famous green pearl and a necklace of blue pearls. Regarding Susan, he insisted Tom to continue to have expectations and remember his dear uncle.

He gave the stones to Tom instead of leaving them to a charity. The letter instructed Tom about the mechanism of unlocking it. It would explode 9 1/2 ounces of improved, super sensitive diamond. The letter added that if he opened it doubtfully it would rain him to atoms. If he opened it with faith and care, he would nourish hopes and expectations. He asked Tom to be very careful.

(OR)

Uncle Philip wrote that there were plenty of pigeon – blood rubies, diamonds, pearls and a necklace of blue pearls. Among them there was a beautiful blue diamond and a famous green pearl.

He thought of Susan and said he must have expectations and remembrance of his dear uncle. He gave the stones to him instead of a charity. He told about the mechanism of unlocking it. If he opened it doubtfully, 9 1/2 ounces of quality dynamite would turn to atoms. With faith, if he opened it carefully, he would nourish hopes and expectations. Tom was warned to be careful.

(OR)

  1. Uncle Philip wrote about plenty of rubies, diamonds, pearls and a blue pearls necklace in the box.
  2. There was a beautiful blue diamond and a famous green pearl.
  3. Uncle gave him the stones instead of a charity
  4. He told about the mechanism of unlocking the box
  5. Opening the box doubtfully, 9 1/2 ounces of dynamite would explode
  6. Opening it with faith and care, Tom would nourish hopes and expectations
  7. Uncle philip asked Tom to be careful

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 7 A Dilemma

Question 2.
Explain the efforts taken by Tom to open the iron box. Did he succeed? Why?
Answer:
Title: A Dilemma
Author: Silas Weir Mitchell
Characters: Tom, Prof. Clinch, Father Confessor and the Collector.
Theme: ‘Take the risk or lose the chance’

After getting the box, Tom went on thinking about it. He went after people for their advice. He spent his spare times in the libraries. He imagined wild plans like dropping the box from a height to open it. He wanted to get the gems after the explosion. In all his attempts, he could not succeed.

He thought very hard in vain over weeks and months. His father confessor dismissed it that it was a cruel joke of his uncle. His doctor advised him to stop thinking about the box with precious gems as it would make him mad.

He tried to deposit it in the bank, but withdrew it because he was afraid of burglary. He consulted Professor Clinch about his dilemma. He dismissed it as an incredible story. Thus Tom had to leave the box to the society for Preservation of Human Vivisection.

“Take the risk and drop the fear”

(OR)

Tom inherited the iron box. He constantly thought about it. He went after people for their advice. He ransacked libraries. He imagined wild plans like dropping the box from a height to open it.

He wanted to get the gems after the explosion. He thought hard in vain for weeks and months. His father dismissed it as a cruel joke of his uncle. His doctor advised him to stop thinking about it. He tried to deposit it in the bank. He consulted Prof. Clinch about his dilemma. He dismissed it as an incredible story. Finally, Tom had to leave the box to the society for Preservation of Human Vivisection.

(OR)

  1. Tom always thought about the box
  2. He asked many people to advise him
  3. He imagined wild plans to open the box
  4. He thought of getting the gems after the box’s explosion
  5. Nothing worked out for his success
  6. His father dismissed it
  7. His doctor advised him to stop thinking about the box
  8. He was afraid of deposit
  9. His Professor Clinch dismissed it
  10. Thus Tom left the box to the society for the Preservation of Human Vivisection

D. Fill in the blanks with the right options and write down the summary of the story ‘A dilemma’.

Question 1.
The narrator was sent for, by his uncle when we was ……………….. (on his death bad / on his travels / in his work place)
Answer:
on his death bed

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 7 A Dilemma

Question 2.
The uncle had collected precious ……………….. (jewels / stones / articles)
Answer:
stones

Question 3.
His uncle announced Tom as his heir and wanted him to pay for his …………………. (rented house / marriage / funeral)
Answer:
funeral

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 7 A Dilemma

Question 4.
Leaving an iron box for Tom, his uncle instructed him not to …………………… the box. (throw / carry / shake)
Answer:
shake

Question 5.
The letter read that the box contained ……………….. (a sensitive dynamite / jewels / money)
Answer:
a sensitive dynamite

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 7 A Dilemma

Question 6.
He started thinking of all possible ways to open the box without being …………………. (wounded / killed / maimed)
Answer:
killed

Question 7.
He planned to explode the box at but dropped the plant in fear of losing the rubies (home / a safe distance / a waste land)
Answer:
a safe distance

Question 8.
His consultation with …………………. did not yield him any fruitful solution. (Uncle Philip / Professor Clinch / Susan)
Answer:
Professor Clinch

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 7 A Dilemma

Question 9.
He failed in his attempts to open the box. His efforts to read about explosives led to ……………….. (hopes / confusions / suspicious) and he had to change his (name and occupation / lodgings / appearance)
Answer:
confusion, name and occupation

Question 10.
At last, he bequeathed the box to ………………… (his offspring / his friends / the society)
Answer:
the society

Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.

1. I was just thirty-seven when my Uncle Philip died. A week before that event he sent for me; and here let me say that I had never set eyes on him. He hated my mother, but I do not know why. She told me long before his last illness that I need expect nothing from my father’s brother. He was an inventor, an able and ingenious mechanical engineer, and had much money by his improvement in turbine-wheels.

He was a bachelor; lived alone, cooked his own meals, and collected precious stones, especially rubies and pearls. From the time he made his first money he had this mania. As he grew richer, the desire to possess rare and costly gems became stronger. When he bought a new stone, he carried it in his pocket for a month and now and then took it out and looked at it. Then it was added to the collection in his safe at the trust company.

Question 1.
How old was the narrator when his uncle died?
Answer:
The narrator was just thirty-seven, when his Uncle Philip died.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 7 A Dilemma

Question 2.
Had the narrator seen his uncle before? Give lines from the passage that support your answer?
Answer:
No, the narrator had not seen his uncle before, “A week before that even he sent for me; and here let me say that I had never set eyes on him”.

Question 3.
What had the narrator’s mother told him of his father’s brother?
Answer:
He was an inventor, an able and ingenious mechanical engineer and had much money by his improvement in turbine wheels.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 7 A Dilemma

Question 4.
What do you know about Uncle Philip?
Answer:
He was a bachelor lived alone cooked his own meals and collected precious stones, especially rubies and pearls. From the time he made his first money, he had this mania.

Question 5.
What did the uncle do, when he bought a new stone?
Answer:
He carried the new stonein his pocket for a month and now and then took it out and looked at it. Then it was added to the collection in his safe at the trust company.

2. Now I repent of my wickedness to you all, and desire to live in the memory of at least one of my family. You think I am poor and have only my annuity. You will be profitably surprised. I have never parted with my precious stones; they will be yours. You are my sole heir. I shall carry with me to the other world the satisfaction of making one man.

Question 1.
What did he repent of?
Answer:
He repented of his wickedness to all.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 7 A Dilemma

Question 2.
What didn’t he part with?
Answer:
He did not part with his precious stones.

Question 3.
Who would be his sole heir?
Answer:
Tom would be his sole heir.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 7 A Dilemma

Question 4.
What kind of satisfaction was he going to have?
Answer:
By announcing Tom his sole heir, he makes Tom happy. This kind of satisfaction was he going to have.

Question 5.
Was he a poor man?
Answer:
No, Tom’s uncle was not a poor man.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 6 The Little Hero of Holland

Tamilnadu State Board New Syllabus Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Pdf Supplementary Chapter 6 The Little Hero of Holland Questions and Answers, Summary, Notes.

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 6 The Little Hero of Holland

10th English Guide Supplementary The Little Hero of Holland Textbook Questions and Answers

A. Based on the understanding of the story, complete the Graphic Organiser suitably.


Answer:
Title: The Little Hero of Holland
Setting: A dike above the sea water
Characters: Peter, Peter’s mother and father, Peter’s blind friend, people of Holland.
Theme: Sacrifice to save the country
Plots: Father works in the dike as a gate keeper.
Mother sends Peter with cakes to visit his blind filend.
Peter notices a leak ¡n the dike while returning.
He plucks the hole with his finger the whole night to save his people of Holland.
Brave little hero Peter saves Holland from drowning.
Climax: Peter stays at the dike with his finger In the whole night in cold weather with his finger stuffed and numbed. Next morning passers by saved him and mended the hole. Peter saved Holland.

Values
Highlighted: Love and concern for the nation. Determination to save the people. Dedication towards the mother land.

B. Based on your understanding of the story answer the following questions in one or two sentences:

Question 1.
What are the little children of Holland, aware of?
Answer:
The little children of Holland are aware the dikes must be watched every moment and that even a small hole can be very dangerous. It would bring the sea to Holland.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 6 The Little Hero of Holland

Question 2.
What is the work assigned to Peter’s father?
Answer:
Tending the gates of the dike was the work assigned to Peter’s father. He opened and closed the gates when ships entered the sea from Holland.

Question 3.
Why did Peter’s mother call him?
Answer:
Peter’s mother called him to go and give cakes to his friend who was blind.

Question 4.
How did Peter spend his time with his blind friend?
Answer:
Peter’s stayed with his poor blind man a little while to tell him about his walk along the dike and the sun and the flowers and the ships far out at sea.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 6 The Little Hero of Holland

Question 5.
Why did the father always say angry waters’?
Answer:
The father always said angry waters because the seawater lashed on the dikes always.

Question 6.
What did Peter see when he stopped near the dikes?
Answer:
When Peter stopped near the dikes he saw a small hole in the dike through which a tiny stream was flowing.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 6 The Little Hero of Holland

Question 7.
What were the thoughts of the mother when Peter did not return home?
Answer:
Peter’s mother thought that she was spending that night with his friend and that she would scold him next morning for staying away from home without permission.

Question 8.
How did Peter spend his night at the dikes?
Answer:
Peter put his finger in the hole. He crouched on a stone bending his head. He did not sleep, though his eyes were closed. He rubbed his hand thinking that he could stay throughout the night.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 6 The Little Hero of Holland

Question 9.
Who found Peter in the dikes and what did he do?
Answer:
A man who went for his work heard Peter moaning and found him clinging to the side of the great wall.

Question 10.
How did the villagers mend the hole?
Answer:
The villagers brought shovels and mended the hole after hearing the alarm.

C. Based on your understanding of the story answer the following question in about 100-150 words.

Question 1.
Narrate in your own words the circumstances that led Peter to be a brief little hero.
Answer:
Introduction:
This story is about a little boy who saved his country from flooding.

Across the dikes:
Peter was a little boy who lived in Holland. Peter’s mother wanted him to go across the dikes to meet his blind friend. Peter went there and stayed till evening. When returning he heard some sound of trickling water. He found a small hole in the dikes. He put his finger into the hole and stopped the water.

Little hero:
He stayed there putting his finger in that hole. His finger became numb. He slept there the whole night. In the morning, a villager saw Peter sitting there. He called the villagers. The villagers arrived with shovels and mended the hole.

Conclusion:
Thus, Peter saved his country, from flooding and was called as the “Hero of Holland”.

(OR)

Peter was a little boy in Holland. One day his mother sent him to give a cake to his blind friend. He walked along the dike. He spent sometime and wanted to return home early. On his way he saw water streaming through a small hole in the dike. He wanted to save Holland.

He climbed down and put his finger into the hole and stopped the leakage. He stayed outside in cold without sleeping. He shouted for help but in vain. Next day a passer by heard his groan and came to rescue him. He spread the alarm. The villagers came runnng with shovels and mended the dike. Thus Peter became a great hero who saved Holland.

(OR)

  1. Peter was a little boy in Holland
  2. His mother asked him to visit his blind friend
  3. He stayed with him for a while and returned home
  4. On his way he saw a small hole in the dike and water was gushing out.
  5. He wanted to save Holland
  6. He climbed down the dike and closed the hole with his little finger
  7. The water leakage was stopped
  8. He stayed outside at night in cold weather without sleeping
  9. Next morning a passer by heard his groan and went nearer him
  10. He alarmed and the villagers came running and mended the dike
  11. Peter became a great little hero of Holland

D. Identify the character / speaker:

Question 1.
‘I want you to go across the dike and take these cakes to your friend, the blind man’
Answer:
Peter’s Mother

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 6 The Little Hero of Holland

Question 2.
I am glad they are so strong?
Answer:
Peter

Question 3.
‘Holland shall not be drowned while I am here’.
Answer:
Peter

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 6 The Little Hero of Holland

Question 4.
‘What’s the matter?” he called. “Are you hurt?’
Answer:
Passer by

Question 5.
‘Tell them to come quickly!’
Answer:
Peter

E. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.

1. One afternoon the early fall when Peter was eight years old his mother called him from his play, “Come, Peter,” she said. “I want you to go across the dike and take these cakes to your friend, the blind man. If you go quickly, and do not stop to play, you will be home again before dark.” The little boy was glad to go on such an errand, and started off with a light heart.

He stayed with the poor blind man a little while to tell him about his walk along the dike and about the sun and the flowers and the ships far out at sea. Then he remembered his mother’s wish that he should return before dark and, bidding his friend goodbye, he set out for home.

Question 1.
What did Peter’s mother want him to do?
Answer:
Peter’s mother wanted him to go across the dike and take those cakes to his blind friend.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 6 The Little Hero of Holland

Question 2.
What did Peter’s mother advise him to do?
Answer:
Peter’s mother advised him not to indulge in playing and to return home before dark.

Question 3.
Why was the little boy glad?
Answer:
The little boy was glad to go on such an errand to meet the blind man.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 6 The Little Hero of Holland

Question 4.
What did the little boy tell his friend?
Answer:
The little boy told his friend about his walk along the dike and about the sun and the flowers and the ships far out at sea.

Question 5.
What did the little boy remember?
Answer:
The little boy remembered his mother’s wish that he should return before dark.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 5 A Day in 2889 of an American Journalist

Tamilnadu State Board New Syllabus Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Pdf Supplementary Chapter 5 A Day in 2889 of an American Journalist Questions and Answers, Summary, Notes.

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 5 A Day in 2889 of an American Journalist

10th English Guide Supplementary A Day in 2889 of an American Journalist Textbook Questions and Answers

A. Answer the following questions in two or three lines.

Question 1.
Why did Francis Bennett wake up with a bad temper?
Answer:
Francis Bennett woke up with a bad temper because he was feeling lonely and bored. It was eight days since his wife had gone to France.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 5 A Day in 2889 of an American Journalist

Question 2.
What was a mechanized dressing room?
Answer:
It is a dressing room in which the machines in the room wash, shaves, and dresses a person. It buttons him top to toe on the threshold of his office.

Question 3.
How was food served to him?
Answer:
Food was served to him through a network of pneumatic tubes. It was an expensive system, but cooking was better.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 5 A Day in 2889 of an American Journalist

Question 4.
What was Bennett curious about astronomy?
Answer:
Bennett was curious about astronomy because one astronomer had just determined the elements of the new planet ‘Gandini’. He was delighted to know about the accuracy of it.

Question 5.
Why did he visit Niagara?
Answer:
He visited Niagara to see his accumulator works. Thereafter using the force of cataracts to produce energy, he sold or hired it out to the consumers.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 5 A Day in 2889 of an American Journalist

Question 6.
How did Bennett travel?
Answer:
Bennett travelled by aero-car which shot across space at a speed of about 400 miles an hour. Within half an hour, he reached his works at Niagara.

Question 7.
Give three instances of how mechanization has changed life at home in 2889?
Answer:
At home through phonotelephote, vision and speech are transmitted. In two minutes, without the help of an attendant, the machine gets a person to be ready, for his office. Food can be served through pneumatic tubes.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 5 A Day in 2889 of an American Journalist

Question 8.
How is advertising in this age different from what we have today?
Answer:
The gigantic advertisement signs are reflected in the clouds so large that they can be seen all over the Country. From that gallery, a thousand projectors were unendingly employed in sending to the clouds on which they were reproduced in color, these inordinate advertisements.

B. Identify the character/speaker.

Question 1.
As soon as he woke up, he switched on his phonotelephote.
Answer:
Francis Bennett

Question 2.
Well, Cash, what have you got?
Answer:
Francis Bennett

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 5 A Day in 2889 of an American Journalist

Question 3.
‘Photo telegrams from Mercury, Venus, and Mars, Sir.’
Answer:
Cash

Question 4.
‘Interesting! And Jupiter?’
Answer:
Francis Bennett

Question 5.
‘Not yet, Mr.Bennett.’
Answer:
Cash

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 5 A Day in 2889 of an American Journalist

Question 6.
‘No, it’s the inhabitants.’
Answer:
Corley

Question 7.
‘Where are we going, Sir?’
Answer:
Aero – coachman

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 5 A Day in 2889 of an American Journalist

Question 8.
‘Then, Sir, I shall really have discovered the absolute’?
Answer:
The young inventor

Question 9.
‘Are you saying you’re going to be able to construct a human being?’
Answer:
Francis Bennett’

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 5 A Day in 2889 of an American Journalist

Question 10.
‘I’m going to start this moment.’
Answer:
Edith

C. Choose the best answer.

Question 1.
Bennette’s wife was in …………………
(i) Germany
(ii) Australia
(iii) France
(iv) Holland
Answer:
(iii) France

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 5 A Day in 2889 of an American Journalist

Question 2.
The data from the stellar world was gathered by …………………..
(i) Bennette
(ii) astronomical reporters
(iii) the computer
(iv) telephote
Answer:
(ii) astronomical reporters

Question 3.
The food was being delivered through …………………. tubes.
(i) pneumatic
(ii) shallow
(iii) hollow
(iv) virtual
Answer:
(i) pneumatic

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 5 A Day in 2889 of an American Journalist

Question 4.
The wayfarers were carried from one place to another by the …………………..
(i) bullet train
(ii) jet
(iii) moving pavement
(iv) heli-taxi
Answer:
(iii) moving pavement

D. Fill in the story map given below.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 5 A Day in 2889 of an American Journalist img 1
Answer:
Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 5 A Day in 2889 of an American Journalist img 2

Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:

1. A second inventor, using as a basis some old experiments that dated from the 19th century, had the idea of moving a whole city in a single block. He suggested, as a demonstration, the town of Saaf, situated fifteen miles from the sea; after conveying it on rails down to the shore, he would transform it into a seaside resort.

Francis Bennett, attracted by this project, agreed to take a half-share in it. The proposals heard and dealt with, Francis Bennett went to stretch himself out in an easy-chair in the audition-room. Then, pressing a button, he was put into communication with the Central Concert.

After so busy a day, what a charm he found in the works of our greatest masters, based on a series of delicious harmonico- algebraic formulae during his meal, phonotelephotic communication had been set up with Paris.

Question 1.
In which century were the old experiments dated? And what was it?
Answer:
The old experiments were dated from the 19th century. It was the idea of moving a whole city in a single block.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 5 A Day in 2889 of an American Journalist

Question 2.
Where was Saaf situated?
Answer:
Saaf was situated fifteen miles from the sea.

Question 3.
What was the proposal awaiting for Saaf?
Answer:
The proposal awaiting for Saaf was ‘that to convey it on the rails down to the shore and to transform it into a seaside resort.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 5 A Day in 2889 of an American Journalist

Question 4.
How and to whom was Francis Bennett connected?
Answer:
Francis Bennett was connected with the Central Concert, by pressing a button.

Question 5.
Pick out any two words that refer to technology?
Answer:

  1. Harmonico – algebraic formulae
  2. Phonotelephotic communication

2. The next room, a broad gallery about a quarter of a mile long, was devoted to publicity, and it well may be imagined what the publicity for such a journal as the Earth Herald had to be. It brought in a daily average of three million dollars. They are gigantic signs reflected on the clouds, so large that they can be seen all over the whole country.

For that gallery, a thousand projectors were unceasingly employed in sending to the clouds, on which they were reproduced in colour, these inordinate advertisements. At that moment the clock struck twelve. The director of the Earth Herald left the hall and sat down in a rolling armchair. In a few minutes, he had reached his dining room half a mile away, at the far end of the office.

Question 1.
What was the next room devoted to?
Answer:
The next room was devoted to publicity.

Question 2.
What was the breadth of the gallery?
Answer:
The breadth of the gallery was about a quarter of a mile long.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 5 A Day in 2889 of an American Journalist

Question 3.
How much did the gallery bring in?
Answer:
The gallery brought in a daily average of three million dollars.

Question 4.
How was the advertisement done here?
Answer:
A thousand projectors would send gigantic signs to the clouds and the signs would be reflected and they could be seen all over a whole country.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 5 A Day in 2889 of an American Journalist

Question 5.
Where did the director of the Earth Herald sit?
Answer:
The director of the Earth Herald sat down in a rolling armchair

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 4 The Aged Mother

Tamilnadu State Board New Syllabus Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Pdf Supplementary Chapter 4 The Aged Mother Questions and Answers, Summary, Notes.

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 4 The Aged Mother

10th English Guide Supplementary The Aged Mother Textbook Questions and Answers

A. Rearrange the sentences given below in the correct sequence.

  1. The son made up his mind to take back his mother home.
  2. A farmer decided to leave his old mother on top of a mountain.
  3. The governor realized his mistake and abolished the law.
  4. Once in Shining, a cruel ruler declared that all old people must be put to death.
  5. Using the clever idea of his mother, the farmer made a rope of ashes.
  6. When the farmer bade farewell, she advised him to return home with the aid of twigs.
  7. Filled with dread, he hid his mother in his home.
  8. The mother dropped the small twigs as markers on the way to help her son return.

Answers:

  1. Once in Shining, a cruel ruler declared that all old people must be put to death.
  2. A farmer decided to leave his old mother on top of a mountain.
  3. The mother dropped the small twigs as markers on the way to help her son return.
  4. When the farmer bade farewell, she advised him to return home with the aid of twigs.
  5. The son made up his mind to take back his mother home.
  6. Filled with dread, he hid his mother in his home.
  7. Using the clever idea of his mother, the farmer made a rope of ashes.
  8. The governor realized his mistake and abolished the law.

B. Answer the following questions in one or two sentences.

Question 1.
What was the cruel announcement made by the leader?
Answer:
The cruel announcement was to put to death all the aged people.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 4 The Aged Mother

Question 2.
Why was the farmer filled with sorrow?
Answer:
The farmer was filled with sorrow because he loved his aged mother very much. He did not want her to die.

Question 3.
What were the things carried by the farmer to the summit of the mountain?
Answer:
He took a quantity of unwhitened rice. He cooked and dried it. He tied it in a square cloth and swung it in a bundle around his neck. He also took a gourd filled with cool sweet water.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 4 The Aged Mother

Question 4.
Why did the mother become anxious as they climbed up the mountain?
Answer:
The mother became anxious because her son did not know the mountain’s many paths and his return might be one of the dangers.

Question 5.
What did the mother drop along the way?
Answer:
She dropped a pile of twigs along the way.

Question 6.
What was the advice given by his mother for the safe return of her son?
Answer:
The mother advised her son to look carefully and follow the path which holds the piles of twigs which will guide him to the familiar path farther down.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 4 The Aged Mother

Question 7.
Why did the farmer’s burden seem to be light on his way back home?
Answer:
The farmer’s burden seemed to be light on his way back because he was happy to take his mother back to his home.

Question 8.
Where did the farmer hide his mother?
Answer:
The farmer hid his mother in a walled closet beneath the kitchen floor.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 4 The Aged Mother

Question 9.
How did the farmer make the rope of ashes? On whose suggestion did he do it?
Answer:
Using the clever idea of his mother, the farmer made a rope of ashes. He made this by making a rope of twisted straw and burning it on a windless night.

Question 10.
How did the Governor realize his mistake?
Answer:
The governor realized his mistake when he listened to the farmer’s story and meditated in silence. He abolished his cruel law.

C. Answer each of the following in a paragraph of 120 to 150 words.

Question 1.
Narrate the circumstances that led to the abandoning of the aged in Shining.
Answer:
The country Shining was governed by a cruel leader. He was a warrior. But he had a great and cowardly shrinking from anything suggestive of failing health and strength. This caused him to send out a cruel announcement. The entire province was given strict orders to immediately put to death all aged people. Those were harsh days and the custom of abandoning old people to die was common.

The poor farmer loved his aged mother with tender respect. This order filled his heart with sorrow. But no one ever thought twice about it. So with many deep and hopeless sighs, the farmer prepared to give his mother the kindest mode of death. He decided to take her to the summit of the Obatsuyama mountain and leave her there.

(OR)

Title: The Aged Mother
Author: Matsuo Basho (1644 – 1694)
Character: The farmer, his mother, and the governor
Theme: “Haste makes waste”

Shining was ruled by a cruel ruler. He was a warrior. He was a coward shrinking from anything’ suggestive of failing health and strength. This caused him to make a cruel announcement.

The province was given strict orders to put to death all aged people. The poor farmer loved his aged mother and respected her. This order made him very sad. But none thought twice about it. So the farmer prepared to give his mother the kindest mode of death. He took her to the bare summit called Obat-suyama, the mountain of ‘abandoning of the aged’.

(OR)

  1. A cruel leader ruled ‘Shining’
  2. He was a warrior
  3. He made a cruel announcement to kill all aged people
  4. The poor farmer loved his aged mother very much
  5. This order made him very sad
  6. So, the farmer prepared the kindest mode of death for his mother
  7. He took his mother to the summit of Obatsuyama
  8. It was the mountain of abandoning of the aged

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 4 The Aged Mother

Question 2.
Describe the farmer’s painful journey up the mountain.
Answer:
Introduction:
In this paragraph we are going to see about the painful journey of the farmer who loved his mother very much, up to the mountain.

Farmer’s thoughts:
Shining was ruled by a cruel leader. He ordered the entire province that the old must be killed. The farmer wanted his mother to die at the summit of Obatsuyama.

Painful journey:
At sunset, the farmer carried his mother and took some unwhitened rice. He also took a gourd filled with cool sweet water. The road was long and steep. The path was crossed and recrossed by many wood cutters and farmers.

In some place, he lost the path and got confused. But he didn’t mind it. He went blindly upwards. His mother was anxious about her son’s safety return. So she dropped some piles of twigs on their path. Weary and heart sick he gently released his burden. He made a comfortable place for her mother.

Conclusion:
Thus the farmer, with sorrow hearted left her mother in the mountains of Obatsuyama. Thus, he ended the painful journey up the mountain.

(OR)

Title: The Aged mother
Author: Matsuo Basho (1644 – 1694)
Character: The farmer, his mother
Theme: “Blood is thicker than water”

At sunset, the farmer took some cooked and dried unwhitened rice. He tied it in a cloth and swung it in a bundle around his neck with a gourd of cool sweet water. He took his helpless mother on his back and started his journey up the mountain. The narrow path was crossed.

His mother was anxious that her son did not know many mountain paths. She dropped piles of twigs on their path to help her son return home safely. Weary and heart sick he released his burden. He also prepared a place of comfort as his last duty to her mother. Thus he ended his painful journey up the mountain.

(OR)

  1. At sunset the farmer took some cooked and dried unwhitened rice.
  2. He tied it in a cloth and swung around his neck
  3. He took a gourd with cool sweet water.
  4. He lifted his helpless mother to his back and started his journey.
  5. The long narrow road was crossed by many paths.
  6. Tired and heart sick, he put down his burden
  7. He silently prepared a place of comfort to her mother
  8. Thus he ended his painful journey

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 4 The Aged Mother

Question 3.
‘The old are wise’. Prove this with reference to the story ‘The Aged Mother.
Answer:
A cruel ruler of Shining in Japan proclaims an announcement that all old people should be put to death. A poor farmer s heart was filled with sorrow after hearing this, because he loved his mother very much. So he carried her to the top of the mountain with a lot of difficulties, as the path was confusing and dangerous. When he bid farewell to her, she advised him to follow the path where piles of twigs were dropped.

It would be easier for him to find his way. Her son’s heart broke at this attitude of his mother. He brought her back and hid her in a closet beneath the kitchen floor. His mother proved her wisdom, when the governor demanded a rope of ashes. She gave her son a clever idea to present a rope of ashes. The Governor was glad. He praised her sense of wisdom and abolished his cruel law.

(OR)

Title: The Aged Mother
Author: Matsuo Basho (1644 – 1694)
Character: The farmer, his mother and the governor.
Theme: “The old are always wise”

Shining was ruled by a cruel leader. He announced that all old people must be put to death. A poor farmer became sad after this announcement, because he loved his mother very much. So he took his mother on his back to the summit. It was very difficult as the path was long, narrow, steep and confusing.

It was crossed and recrossed by many paths. He brought his mother back and hid her in a closet beneath the kitchen floor. The governor demanded for a rope of ashes. The mother gave him clever idea to make it. Her son presented it to the governor. He was amazed. He praised the old mother for her wisdom. Thus he abolished his cruel law against the aged people.

“The aged people deserve our care”

(OR)

  1. Shining was ruled by a cruel leader
  2. He announced to put all the aged to death
  3. A poor farmer became sad as he loved his mother very much
  4. He took his mother to the summit
  5. The path was long, steep and narrow
  6. It was very difficult for him to carry his mother
  7. He left her there and bade farewell to her mother
  8. He brought his mother back home and hid her in a closet
  9. The governor demanded a rope of ashes
  10. The farmer’s mother gave a clever idea to make it
  11. The governor was amazed seeing it
  12. He praised the old mother for her wisdom
  13. The governor abolished the cruel law against the aged people.

D. Identify the character/speaker.

Question 1.
He gave orders for the aged to be put to death.
Answer:
governor

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 4 The Aged Mother

Question 2.
He considered the order to be the kindest mode of death.
Answer:
farmer

Question 3.
She quietly dropped some twigs on the way.
Answer:
the aged mother

Question 4.
Let not thine eyes be blinded.
Answer:
the aged mother

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 4 The Aged Mother

Question 5.
Together we will follow the path together we will die.
Answer:
farmer

Question 6.
I will think. I will think.
Answer:
the aged mother

Question 7.
The truth must be told.
Answer:
farmer

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 4 The Aged Mother

Question 8.
He listened and meditated in silence.
Answer:
governor

Question 9.
Shining needs more than the strength of the youth.
Answer:
governor

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 4 The Aged Mother

Question 10.
With the crown of snow there cometh wisdom.
Answer:
governor

E. Choose the appropriate answer and fill in the blanks.

Question 1.
Shining was governed by a ………………… leader.
(a) strict
(b) kind
(c) cruel
(d) diplomatic.
Answer:
(c) cruel

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 4 The Aged Mother

Question 2.
The ………………. was the principal food for the poor.
(a) wheat
(b) brown rice
(c) unwhitened rice
(d) millet
Answer:
(c) unwhitened rice

Question 3.
The road was crossed and re-crossed by many paths made by the …………………
(a) hunters and woodcutters
(b) robbers and thieves
(c) vendors and tradesmen
(d) wildlife photographers and trekkers
Answer:
(a) hunters and woodcutters

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 4 The Aged Mother

Question 4.
Gathering …………………. he made a soft cushion and tenderly lifted his old mother onto it.
(a) dry leaves
(b) fallen pine
(c) broken twigs
(d) flowers
Answer:
(b) fallen pine

Question 5.
The governor demanded that his subjects should present him with a …………………..
(a) basket of fruits
(b) rope of ashes
(c) flesh of animals
(d) bag of silverwares
Answer:
(b) rope of ashes

Rearrange the following sentence in coherent order.

Exercise: 1

1. (a) Strict order were given to put to death all aged people
2. (b) The poor farmer loved his aged mother with tender reverence
3. (c) The order filled his heart with sorrow
4. (d) He had a cowardly shrinking from anything suggestive of failing health and strength
5. (e) The country shining was governed by a despotic leader
Answer:
1. (e) The country shining was governed by a despotic leader
2. (d) He had a cowardly shrinking from anything suggestive of failing health and strength
3. (a) Strict order were given to put to death all aged people
4. (b) The poor farmer loved his aged mother with tender reverence
5. (c) The order filled his heart with sorrow

Exercise: 2

1. (a) The Governor said, “I should have forgotten the well-known saying – with the crown of snow, there cometh wisdom”.
2. (b) The aged mother’s son called the people and made a rope of ashes, as his mother said.
3. (c) With deep bows he related his story.
4. (d) He demanded to know where he had obtained his wisdom.
5. (e) The governor was pleased at the wit of the youth.
Answer:
1. (b) The aged mother’s son called the people and made a rope of ashes, as his mother said.
2. (e) The governor was pleased at the wit of the youth.
3. (d) He demanded to know where he had obtained his wisdom.
4. (c) With deep bows he related his story.
5. (a) The Governor said, “I should have forgotten the well-known saying – with the crown of snow, there cometh wisdom”.

Exercise: 3

1. (a) She gave an idea – “make a rope of twisted straw”
2. (b) Again the governor sent forth herald bearing an unreasonable order.
3. (c) An stretch it upon flat stone and burn it on a windless night.
4. (d) The son whispered the news to his hidden mother.
5. (e) He demanded his subject to present him with a rope of ashes.
Answer:
1. (b) Again the governor sent forth herald bearing an unreasonable order.
2. (e) He demanded his subject to present him with a rope of ashes.
3. (d) The son whispered the news to his hidden mother.
4. (a) She gave an idea – “make a rope of twisted straw”
5. (c) An stretch it upon a flat stone and burn it on a windless night.

Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow.

1. The country Shining was governed by a despotic leader who though a warrior, had a great and cowardly shrinking from anything suggestive of failing health and strength. This caused him to send out a cruel proclamation. The entire province was given strict orders to immediately put to death all aged people.

Those were barbarous days, and the custom of abandoning old people to die was not uncommon. The poor farmer loved his aged mother with tender reverence, and the order filled his heart with sorrow. But no one ever thought twice about obeying the mandate of the governor, so with many deep and hopeless sighs, the youth prepared for what at that time was considered the kindest mode of death.

Question 1.
Who governed Shining?
Answer:
A despotic leader governed Shining.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 4 The Aged Mother

Question 2.
What was the cowardly act of the governor?
Answer:
The cowardly act of the governor was to shrink from anything.

Question 3.
What proclamation did the governor send out?
Answer:
The governor sent out a proclamation to put to death all the aged people.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 4 The Aged Mother

Question 4.
How did the poor farmer treat his mother?
Answer:
The poor farmer loved his mother with tender reverence.

Question 5.
Did the people obey the governor’s order?
Answer:
Yes. The people obeyed the governor’s order.

2. Just at sundown, when his day’s work was ended, he took a quantity of unwhitened rice which was the principal food for the poor, and he cooked, dried it, and tied it in a square cloth, which he swung in a bundle around his neck along with a gourd filled with cool, sweet water. Then he lifted his helpless old mother to his back and started on his painful journey up the mountain.

The road was long and steep; the narrow road was crossed and recrossed by many paths made by the hunters and woodcutters. In someplace, they lost and confuse, but he gave no heed. One path or another, it mattered not. On he went, climbing blindly upward ever upward towards the high bare summit of what is known as Obatsuyama, the mountain of the “abandoning of the aged”.

Question 1.
When did he start his journey to the mountain?
Answer:
He started his journey at sunset.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 4 The Aged Mother

Question 2.
What did he carry for his mother?
Answer:
He carried some cooked unwhitened rice and some cool sweet water.

Question 3.
How was the road on his journey?
Answer:
The road was long and steep.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 4 The Aged Mother

Question 4.
Who made many paths on the narrow road?
Answer:
The hunters and the woodcutters made many paths.

Question 5.
What was the name of the mountain?
Answer:
It was named Obatsuyama.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 3 The Story of Mulan

Tamilnadu State Board New Syllabus Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Pdf Supplementary Chapter 3 The Story of Mulan Questions and Answers, Summary, Notes.

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 3 The Story of Mulan

10th English Guide Supplementary The Story of Mulan Textbook Questions and Answers

A. Choose the best answers.

Question 1.
Mulan goes to the battle instead of her father because …………………
(a) she wants to be a soldier
(b) she was asked to join the army,
(c) her father is old
(d) her brother is sick.
Answer:
(c) her father is old

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 3 The Story of Mulan

Question 2.
What did Mulan do before leaving the house?
(a) took leave from her mother
(b) cut off her hair
(c) prayed
(d) made a dress for war
Answer:
(b) cut off her hair

Question 3.
What is the story about?
(a) winning
(b) friendship
(c) women empowerment
(d) patriotism
Answer:
(c) women empowerment

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 3 The Story of Mulan

Question 4.
The emperor asked Mulan to stay with him in the palace as his ………………….
(a) wife
(b) royal advisor
(c) army general
(d) friend
Answer:
(b) royal advisor

Question 5.
The emperor gave Mulan …………………..
(a) six horses and six swords
(b) a death sentence
(c) gold
(d) six camels
Answer:
(a) six horses and six swords

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 3 The Story of Mulan

Question 6.
How did the people of the village react to Mulan after her return from the battle?
(a) cheered her
(b) mocked her
(c) punished her
(d) scolded he
Answer:
(a) cheered her

B. Identify the character or speaker of the following lines.

Question 1.
Did I hear about it in town?
Answer:
Mulan’s father

Question 2.
I am your son now?
Answer:
Mulan

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 3 The Story of Mulan

Question 3.
The General is a woman?
Answer:
The soldiers

Question 4.
Mulan, stay with me in the palace?
Answer:
The emperor of china

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 3 The Story of Mulan

Question 5.
You are too kind, sir?
Answer:
Mulan

C. Answer the following questions in a sentence or two.

Question 1.
What was the emperor’s order?
Answer:
The Emperor’s order was that one man from each Chinese family must leave his family. to join the army.

Question 2.
Where did Mulan’s father hear about the emperor’s order?
Answer:
Mulan’s father heard about the emperor’s order in the town.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 3 The Story of Mulan

Question 3.
Why couldn’t Mulan’s brother go to war?
Answer:
Mulan’s brother couldn’t go to the war because he was a child.

Question 4.
Why did Mulan disguise herself as a man?
Answer:
Women are not allowed to join the army. So Mulan disguised herself as a man.

Question 5.
How did the soldiers become sick?
Answer:
A bad fever swept through the army. So, many soldiers became sick.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 3 The Story of Mulan

Question 6.
How would she be punished if found guilty?
Answer:
She would be killed if found guilty.

Question 7.
Why did the emperor give her fine gifts?
Answer:
The Emperor gave her fine gifts because she won the battle and saved China.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 3 The Story of Mulan

Question 8.
How did the soldiers come to know about Mulan’s real identity?
Answer:
When Mulan was affected by fever, the doctor examined her in the tent. He came to know that she was a woman and told the soldiers. Thus they came to know about Mulan’s real identity.

D. Answer the following questions in a paragraph.

Question 1.
Sketch the character of Mulan?
Answer:
Mulan was a brave warrior who saved China from the enemies. She was determined, courageous and intelligent. She was unselfish too. The incident which best attests to this trait was after returning from the war, the Emperor offered her the post of royal advisor. She refused the post and simply told that she wanted to return home. Mulan’s determination helped her through her adventures defeating the enemies’ army. She never gave up in bad situations. At war, she was very intelligent and was a quick planner. This attitude won her the war for the Chinese. She fought in the battle for twelve years and gained high merit. She refused any rewards except for six fine horses and six fine swords.

(OR)

Title: The Story of Mulan
Author: Unknown
Character: Mulan
Theme: The empowered woman is powerful beyond measure.

Mulan was a teenage girl. She was brave and determined to join the army. She had more concern for her father. She acted as a dedicated soldier in the army. She was in charge of the soldiers. Later she was made the General of the army. She never gave up in bad situations. When she was sick she came out and advised the soldiers how they should attack the enemy.

She was intelligent to tackle the problems. They won the battle. The emperor was very glad. Emperor offered him the post of a royal advisor. The emperor was so glad that Mulan ended the long war. Though the emperor wished her to stay in the palace, She preferred to be with her family. She accepted only six fine horses and six fine swords as rewards. Thus Mulan save China from the enemies.

(OR)

  1. Mulan was a teenage girl.
  2. She was brave and intelligent.
  3. She joined the army.
  4. She was in charge of some soldiers.
  5. Later she was made the General of the army.
  6. They won the battle.
  7. The emperor was glad.
  8. He gave her six fine horses and six fine swords as rewards.
  9. Mulan saved China from the enemies.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 3 The Story of Mulan

Question 2.
Do you agree with Mulan’s decision to go to war? Justify
Answer:
I agree with Mulan’s decision to go to war. She did not want her father to suffer in his old age. She had the patriotic spirit to save the country. She was also optimistic in her approach. She never bothered about her gender. She had the courage and determination to join the army and fight for the country.

She had no fear of death. Her father was afraid that the emperor would kill her for being a woman. But she dared to fight in the battle. She cut her hair like a man. She wore her father’s robe and picked up the sword. She climbed on a horse and bade him goodbye. She went to join the army.

  1. I agree with Mulan’s decision to go to war.
  2. She did not want her father to suffer in his old age.
  3. She had a patriotic spirit.
  4. She was optimistic.
  5. She had no fear of death.
  6. She was courageous to fight for her country.
  7. But her father was afraid.
  8. She dared to fight in the battle.
  9. She cut her hair like a man.
  10. She climbed on the horse and went to fight in the battle.
  11. Finally she went to join the army.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 3 The Story of Mulan

Question 3.
Rearrange the following sentence in a coherent order.

Exercise: 1

1. (a) Mulan the General of the army, became sick too.
2. (b) A heavy fever swept through the army.
3. (c) The soldiers said, “we will not fight for a woment.
4. (d) “The General is a woman” yelled the soldiers.
5. (e) When the doctor came out of Mulan’s tent, he knew the truth.
Answers:
1. (b) A heavy fever swept through the army.
2. (a) Mulan the General of the army, became sick too.
3. (e) When the doctor came out of Mulan’s tent, he knew the truth.
4. (d) “The General is a woman” yelled the soldiers.
5. (c) The soldiers said, “we will not fight for women.

Exercise: 2

1. (a) The war was and China was saved.
2. (b) Mulan ordered the soldiers to hide so they could attack when the enemy king.
3. (c) Mulan heard about the surprise attack.
4. (d) She got dressed and went outside.
5. (e) No one cared anymore that Mulan was a woman.
Answers:
1. (c) Mulan heard about the surprise attack.
2. (d) She got dressed and went outside.
3. (b) Mulan ordered the soldiers to hide so they could attack when the enemy king.
4. (c) Mulan heard about the surprise attack.
5. (a) The war was and China was saved.

Exercise: 3

1. (a) She was not yet strong but stood tall.
2. (b) Mula heard this from inside her tent.
3. (c) A soldier announces, A surprise attack is coming.
4. (d) It was such a big victory that the enemy gave up at-last.
5. (e) She told the soldiers where they must go to hide so could attack the enemy king.

Answers:
1. (c) A soldier announces, A surprise attack is coming.
2. (b) Mula heard this from inside her tent.
3. (a) She was not yet strong but stood tall.
4. (e) She told the soldiers where they must go to hide so could attack the enemy king.
5. (c) A soldier announces, A surprise attack is coming.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 1 The Tempest

Tamilnadu State Board New Syllabus Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Pdf Supplementary Chapter 1 The Tempest Questions and Answers, Summary, Notes.

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 1 The Tempest

10th English Guide Supplementary The Tempest Textbook Questions and Answers

A. Choose the correct answer

Question 1.
………………… was the chief of all spirits.
(a) Sycorax
(b) Caliban
(c) Ariel
(d) Prospero
Answer:
(c) Ariel

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 1 The Tempest

Question 2.
…………………. raised a dreadful storm
(a) Ariel
(b) Prospero
(c) Miranda
(d) Sycorax
Answer:
(b) Prospero

Question 3.
Miranda was brought to the island …………………. years ago
(a) fourteen
(b) ten
(c) twelve
(d) five
Answer:
(c) twelve

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 1 The Tempest

Question 4.
Prospero ordered Ariel to bring …………………. to his place
(a) Gonzalo
(b) Ferdinand
(c) King of Naples
(d) Antonio
Answer:
(b) Ferdinand

Question 5.
…………………. had provided Prospero formerly with books and provisions
(a) Antonio
(b) Ferdinand
(c) Gonzalo
(d) Ariel
Answer:
(c) Gonzalo

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 1 The Tempest

Question 6.
The second human being that Miranda saw on this island was …………………
(a) Ariel
(b) Prospero
(c) Ferdinand
(d) Ganzalo
Answer:
(c) Ferdinand

B. Identify the character or speaker

Question 1.
She imprisoned the spirits in the bodies of large trees?
Answer:
Sycorax

Question 2.
He was the chief of all spirits?
Answer:
Ariel

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 1 The Tempest

Question 3.
I was the Duke of Milan, and you were a princess?
Answer:
Prospero

Question 4.
What a trouble must I have been to you then?
Answer:
Miranda

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 1 The Tempest

Question 5.
Now pray tell me, sir, your reason for raising this sea-storm?
Answer:
Miranda

Question 6.
I will soon move you.
Answer:
Ariel

Question 7.
I will tie your neck and feet together.
Answer:
Prospero

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 1 The Tempest

Question 8.
I must finish my task before I take my rest.
Answer:
Ferdinand

Question 9.
He repented and implored his brother’s forgiveness.
Answer:
Antonio

C. Answer the following questions in one or two sentences.

Question 1.
Who were the inhabitants of the island?
Answer:
The inhabitants of the island were an old man named Prospero and his daughter Miranda.

Question 2.
What powers did Prospero possess?
Answer:
Prospero possessed the powers of the duke of Milan.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 1 The Tempest

Question 3.
Who was Caliban? What was he employed for?
Answer:
Caliban was the son of a witch named Sycorax. He was employed like a slave to fetch wood and do the most laborious work.

Question 4.
Who was on the ship? How were they related to Prospero?
Answer:
Prospero, Antonio, Gonzalo, and Miranda were on the ship. Antonio was the brother of Prospero. Gonzalo was the lord of his court and Miranda was his little daughter.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 1 The Tempest

Question 5.
Why had Prospero raised a violent storm in the sea?
Answer:
Prospero raised a violent storm in the sea to make his enemies repent for the injustice done to him and his daughter.

Question 6.
How did Miranda feel when her father raised the storm to destroy the ship?
Answer:
Miranda felt that all the people will perish when his father raised the storm to destroy the ship.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 1 The Tempest

Question 7.
What was Ariel ordered to do with the people on the ship?
Answer:
Prospero ordered Ariel to torment the inmates of the ship by raising a violent storm. He also instructed Ariel to bring Ferdinand, the Prince of Naples to his cave.

Question 8.
Give two reasons why Miranda was so concerned about Ferdinand?
Answer:
Ferdinand was a handsome young man and he seemed to be a true man. For these two reasons, Miranda was so concerned about Ferdinand.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 1 The Tempest

Question 9.
Why did Prospero set Ferdinand a severe task to perform?
Answer:
Prospero set Ferdinand a severe task to perform to try his constancy. He resolved to throw some difficulties in his way.

Question 10.
How was Gonzalo helpful to Prospero when he left Milan?
Answer:
Gonzalo helped Prospero by providing books and provisions when he left Milan.

D. Answer the questions in a paragraph of about 100-150 words.

Question 1.
Write a detailed character sketch of Prospero?
Answer:
Prospero was skilled magically and used his powers to create storms, provide entertainment, manipulate others, exercise power, and control over the lives of others. He enjoyed knowledge and learning of spells. He became so entranced by his magic that he did not notice his brother trying to take his title and kill him. Prospero controlled all those who were around him. At the beginning of the play, he got the help of Ariel, the chief of gentle spirits, to create a violent and windy storm to punish his enemies who harmed him and his daughter. Ariel worked for Prospero in exchange for his freedom from a witch, Sycorax. But Caliban was the son of Prospero’s old enemy Sycorax. So, Prospero employed Caliban like a slave, to fetch wood and do the most laborious work.

(OR)

Prospero was an old man. He was a famous Duke of Milan. People of Milan loved him very much. He lived in an island. His daughter Miranda was a beautiful lady. He had released many good spirits from a witch called Sycorax. The spirits were obedient to him. Ariel was the chief among these spirits.

Prospero was deprived of his power by his false brother Antonio. His brother forced Prospero and his daughter into a small boat to die in the sea. But they reached the island and lived there. Prospero was a genuine person. Once Prospero raised a tempest. Prosper wanted Ferdinand to marry his daughter Miranda.

He tested by means of some hard tasks. He forgave his false brother Antonio and the king of Naples. Prospero embraced his brother. He restored their ship to them. Before he left the island. He dismissed Ariel from his service. Prospero was kind not only to his daughter but also to all. He was a nobleman.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 1 The Tempest

Question 2.
Narrate how Prospero made his enemies repent to restore his dukedom?
Answer:
Introduction:
Prospero was the Duke of Milan. His brother Antonio wanted to usurp the dukedom from him. So, he sent Prospero and his daughter to an Island. Now, Prospero wanted the enemies to repent for their deeds.

Prospero’s Revenge:
Prospero, by knowing the arrival of his brother Antonio and the king of Naples ordered Ariel to wreck the ship. Ariel wrecked the ship and brought Ferdinand to the island. Ariel tormented Antonio and the king of Naples. He tormented them till they repented for their mistake.

Ariel’s work:
Ariel brought Antonio and King of Naples and Lord Gonzalo. At first they couldn’t recognize him. He discovered himself to lord Gonzalo. The king realised. Antonio repented for his mistake. In turn, Prospero told that Miranda and Ferdinand got married.

Repentance of enemies:
Ariel made Antonio and the King of Naples to repent for their deeds. Antonio with sad words of sorrow, repented for his mistake. Thus, Prospero restored his kingdom.

Conclusion:
Thus, Prospero restored the kingdom. He restored their ship and freed Ariel from the service.

(OR)

Prospero had raised storms with the help of the spirits. Once his enemies, the King of Naples and his cruel brother Antonio were cast ashore. Prospero ordered his chief spirit Ariel to torment them. The King of Naples and Antonio the false brother repented of their injustice to Prospero. He asked Ariel to bring them there.

They could not recognise him. He first discovered himself to the good old Gonzalo, the preserver of his life and then his brother. The king realised that he was the injured Prospero.

When his brother implored his forgiveness, he forgave him. He gave his daughter Miranda as a gift to the king. Prospero told them not to remember their past trouble. He embraced his brother assuring him of his forgiveness. He restored their ship and also freed Ariel.

(OR)

  1. Prospero was the famous Duke of Milan.
  2. People of Milan loved Prospero.
  3. His brother Antonio seized the kingdom.
  4. Antonio sent away Prospero and Miranda to an island.
  5. Prospero released good spirits.
  6. A good spirit helped them.
  7. Prospero raised a storm to wreck the ship.
  8. All of them reached the Island.
  9. Ferdinand and Miranda loved each other.
  10. Prospero’s enemies repented for their fault.
  11. Prospero forgave them.

E. Rearrange the following sentences in a coherent order.

Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Supplementary Chapter 1 The Tempest img 1
Answer:

Coherent Order:

  1. Prospero and Miranda came to an island and lived in a cave.
  2. Using his powers, Prospero released the good spirits from large bodies of trees.
  3. He raised a violent storm in the sea to wreck the ship of his enemies.
  4. He ordered Ariel to torment the inmates of the ship.
  5. Ariel was instructed to bring Ferdinand, the Prince of Naples to his cave.
  6. Ferdinand was the second human whom Miranda had seen after her father.
  7. Miranda was attracted by Ferdinand and had more concern towards him.
  8. Prospero wanted to test Ferdinand and gave a severe task to perform.
  9. The King of Naples, and Antonio the false brother, repented the injustice they had done to Prospero.
  10. Prospero forgave them and restored his dukedom, Milan.