Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 10th English Guide Prose Chapter 3 Empowered Women Navigating The World
Read the statements given below and match the issues accordingly.
- The marriage of a young girl below 18.
- A transfer of durable goods / property that the bride’s family gives to the bridegroom as a condition of the marriage.
- The intentional killing of a baby girl due to the preference for male babies in the family.
- Repeated and unwelcome sexual comments, looks, or physical contact at work place made by men that could offend women.
- A women deciding to remarry despite opposition from relatives /society.
- Women excelling in many fields overcoming many hurdles.
Discuss with your friend the role of a women in building a family. What are the roles played by her.
Majority of women are homemakers, they bring sunshine and happiness in the home they stay. These women are out of social life, out of the cutthroat competition for survival of the fittest.
Women repay the world with children. They are unnoticed, unsung heroines. They fill their families with goodness and cheer. They are just spectators of a moving world. She is a major contribution to the world. She is always at the. background, a silent spectator, patient provider, a courageous all rounder; She is indeed a touch stone to success. “Give me good women” and “I will make a good nation” says a poet. From the cradle to the grave, she is a humble plant. She sees that her family flourishes and nourishes the values of life. She treats them with care and caters to their needs, till the end.
The role of a woman never feel sorry, frightened what future holds. For her, success is not final, failure is not fatal’. It is the courage and perseverance that counts. These women in accordance with H.W. Long fellow.
“Act in the living present Heart within and God over head”.
“God could not be everywhere And therefore he made mothers”.
What do you think of the status of women in the modern society?
Women occupy all the major positions in society.
Women love to come out and face the challenges and commitments of today. Women have their own rights. They just adore them; Women’s organisations instill in their zeal to liberate women for interfering with her rights. Men try to deny the rights to them. Women should not be deprived of their rights. Now feminist movements have taken up the mission to defend the rights of women.
Women have come out of shells. Power of women is the power within to succeed and reach the zenith of excellence. Modem women have a goal. She works with courage and dignity. Her commitment brings her success. She works hard for the growth and development of people. Dignity and honour are her mission. She never turns back to her failures, or gets depressed due to her failures. “Failures are the stepping stones to success” She, in her family an unsung heroine, living a life of non-intervention, leads family members in the path of virtue and happiness. Their acquaintance with the outside world is limited.
A Woman indeed plays a multifaceted role in all spheres. “Give me good mother and I will give you a good society. A good family is indeed a superb university”.
“Mother is God divine”.
Yes, We deem it our duty and mission in life, To bless and praise the deserving ones; Never shall we fail in what we commit, Shall nourish the ones that. nourish the world. (Kulo Thungan) and they are women. Women all the way win laurels, laurels in a glorious way.
Compare the status of women in the past with the present.
Women of those days – Where Indian women remained indoors. They went out only with escorts. Lot of changes have happened today and women have come out of their shells to do and let do. Women of ancient India were held in high esteem. They were not considered equal to men in all respects. But today the same woman has broken her chains to nurture her child. She shapes and moulds the child and be a role-model to act. Now women are in all walks of life. They hold high office. A role model in all. Patience and perseverance, hope, love, endurance, forgiveness, gut and wisdom to face challenges. By gone were days woman’s home was her palace.
She had to do or die. But now with audacity she is “up and doing”. She is like Kalpana Chawla bridging the gap between the possible and impossible. She is like Mother Theresa “Charity begins at home” and reaches out to the poor and the needs.
“Give me good mothers and I will give you a good nation”. Whether a woman is a home maker or a public worker she is just the same, working in accordance with members within the family and out there. She is like a candle, an epitome of love and sacrifice. She is a living Godess. She wants to transform the world, to be the salt of the earth and be a light. To shine and let shine. Her journey of life is to work with courage, dignity and honour’. Past or Present, it is the same journey – a journey of a life time. She has to play up the game, in all walks of life slowly and steadily with God as her guide.
What is the role of women in the modern society discuss?
Today’s women, play a significant and major role in the society. They are guide posts and land marks at home and in society.
It is the modem woman who occupies almost all the major positions in society. Women’s accomplishments are thought provoking now-a-days “The hand that rocks the cradle is the one that rocks the whole world.” Women are guide posts, and land marks at home, outside and everywhere. She nurtures and takes care. Handles her children with skill, with love and understanding and virtues. Her path is one of dignity and labour.
Behind every successful man there is a woman- a walking Godess, motivating, activating everyone to the path of success. Today we find women in almost all walks of life. They have gained laurels, laurels all their way.
Though referred to as the weaker sex they have shown the world that they are not second to men in anyway. Strong achievers are needed to uplift the sick, dying, down trodden and drug abused.
Women are patient, and understanding. They can ‘fight the good fight for all that is right, they can fight against discrimination, sex abuse, dowry, alcoholism’. They also have a positive role in politics’ – women act in the living present as. “Heart within and God overhead”.
Divide the class into small groups, choose any one eminent women personality of the world. List out her characters, achievements, etc., and speak a minute about her.
Mother Teresa who worked for the poorest of the poor. She known as the lady of gutters, was born in 1910 in Skoppie, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia. Not much is known of this lady of Calcutta’s, younger years. She got a call to be a young nun. Answering the call of the Divine, she joined a convent in Ireland. After rigorous and vigorous training, She came to Calcutta.
To begin with, she was a teacher in Calcutta. She made a deep impact on the people around; She started a new order called ‘Missionaries of Charily . The primary objective of this mission was to look after the poor, serving the lepers, the oppressed, mentally depressed, physically handicapped, the mentally retarded etc., and so on.
Mother followed the principle of Jesus. ‘Love others as I loved you’, whatsoever you do to the least of my brothers that you do into me. “Go love your family” that was her clarion call as charity begins at home.
On 1979 Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Prize and became the symbol of charitable, selfless works. In 2016 Mother Theresa was canonised by the Roman Catholic church as ‘Saint Teresa’.
“It is not how much we do,
But how much love we put in the doing,
It is not how much love we give,
But how much love we put in the giving”.
Empowered Women Navigating The World Textbook Questions and Answers
What does INSV stand for?
INSV stands for Indian Naval Ship Vessel.
When was INSV Tarini commissioned to Indian Navy service?
INSV Tarini was commissioned to the Indian Navy service on 18 February 2017.
Who is Tara-Tarini? After whom was the sailboat named?
Tara-Tarini is a boat. The sail boat was named after the famous ‘Tara-Tarini’ temple in Ganjam district of Odisha.
Where did the crew undergo their basic training?
The crew underwent basic sail training courses in Mumbai at the Indian Naval Waterman ship’ training Centre (INWTC). and at various schools in the southern naval base in Kochi.
How long were they trained to undertake this voyage?
They were trained for nearly three years to prepare for the voyage.
Which skill was considered important in the selection process?
In the selection process survival skills was showcased.
Who mentored the crew?
The crew was mentored by Commander Dilip Donde.
Which quality of the skipper helped to bring out a successful expedition?
Honesty was the quality which helped them to bring out a successful expedition.
Who among the crew mentioned about teamwork?
Lt. Payal Gupta was the one who mentioned about team work.
When did they witness the brilliant southern lights from the sea? How did the sky appear there?
When they were crossing the Tasman sea, they witnessed the brilliant southern lights in the sky from the sea. The entire sky lit up in green light.
What festival did they celebrate during their expedition?
They celebrated Diwali during their expedition.
A. Read the statements given below and state whether they are true or false. If false, then write the correct answer in the space given.
- Indian Navy’s all-women crew was the first-ever to circumnavigate the globe.
- The crew consists of six members of men and women Indian Navy service.
- Vartika Joshi skippered the crew to circumnavigate the globe.
- The crew started their expedition on 10 July 2017 from Mumbai.
- Dilip Donde was the first person to go on a non-stop solo circumnavigation.
- False – It was undertaken by CDR Abhilash Tomy K.C.
B. Answer the following questions briefly.
Mention the special features of INSV Tarini.
The Special feature of the sailboat is, it used wind which was environment friendly energy. It collected and updated meteorological ocean and wave data on regular basis for accurate weather forecast. It also collected data for monitoring marine pollution on high seas.
What does the term circumnavigation mean?
The word ‘circumnavigation’ means to travel all the way round something, especially the earth.
How did the all-women Indian Navy crew go about their voyage?
The all-women Indian Navy crew went around the world for 254 days all alone in a sail boat called INSV Tarini.
When did the crew start their voyage? When did they return back to India? How many days did it take to complete the expedition?
The crew started their voyage on 10 September 2017. They returned back to India in May 2018. They took about 254 days to complete their voyage.
What sort of training did the crew undergo before their expedition?
The crew underwent basic sail training in Mumbai at INWTC and at various schools in Kochi. They travelled to Mauritius in 2016 and 2017 and also to Cape Town in December 2016 on INSV Mhadei. They were trained for nearly three years to prepare for the voyage. Since the ship was old with minor leaks and repairs. They also had shortage for food, water,and electricity. They received a good lesson from these difficulties. A lesson to face any challenges during their expedition.
How did the crew members work as a team to make their expedition successful?
Team work was very helpful, as every individual had to do different work to make their voyage smooth and peaceful. Three members used to watch outside during a storm one would heat the water, another heat the gloves, that team work made it easy for them to meet the challenges. They learn when united they are emboldened to face any crisis. The more they were, the merrier they became.
What challenging tasks did the team face during their voyage?
Sometimes the sea got rough. They foresaw what could happen in the South Pacific. They encountered a hurricane. They were all on their toes, when something went wrong. It was also a blissful experience when something broken down, they were able to fix it after a lot of hard work. They got together for success and progress.
What sort of activities did the crew engage in during their long voyage?
During the long trip they were engaged in hobbies like photography, reading, craft work. Vartika Joshi cooked delicacies for her crew.
Mention the celebrations which the crew enjoyed during their expeditions.
They celebrated Diwali, birthdays, the first birthday of their boat, also when they crossed the equator, the international Date line etc.
Which factor motivated the crew to undertake this expedition?
The crew made up their mind not to frighten the country. The country (people) were silently watching and praying for them. They did not want the people to think that they were unable to face any danger. They wanted to be brave and courageous for their country.
Once they have gone through this hazard, they would tell them about their hardships and challenges faced.
C. Answer the following in about 100-150 words:
Highlight the factors responsible for the all-women Indian Navy crew to carry out their expedition.
Abdul Kalam, said “Dream, Dream and dream”. He said a dream is not that comes in your sleep, but a dream that doesn’t make you sleep till you achieve it.
“Determination and dedication are the keynotes for success”. Women’s accomplishments are tremendous in many fields. Strength and passion to reach the zenith was an awe-inspiring achievement to the all. All women Indian Navy crewT who travelled around the world for 254 days, all alone, in a sailboat called ‘TNSV Tarini’ is simply superb.
Navika Sagar Parikrama was a project undertaken, in agreement with our national policy, to empower women to attain the potential – ‘Nari Shakti’ and also to learn about ocean sailing activities in the sea. The voyage to reveal that INSV Tarini is the second sailboat of the Indian Navy. The project is considered essential towards promoting ocean sailing activities in the Navy while depicting Government of India’s thrust for Nari Shakti (women power). The voyage was aimed to showcase ‘Make in India’ initiative by sailing on board indigenously built INSV Tarini. The six member women crew broke many stereotypes during their record-setting sail.
A six crew of women headed by Lt. Commander Vartika Joshi as the captain Lt. Commander Pratibh Jamwal, Lt. Commander Swathi Patarapalli, Lt. Aishwarya Boddapati, Lt. Sh. Vijaya Devi and Lt. Payal Gupta are its crew members.
Write in detail about the selection and training process which the crew underwent.
Navigating the world: It was a red teller historic day when the Minster of Defence flagged of their voyage on 10 September 2017 from Goa.
The crew started their voyage on 10th September 2017, with stop over at a ports, for replenishment of ration and repair before arriving to Goa in April 2019.
Selection and Training: It was a merely will power, guts, gumption, a clarion call to women to answer the call. So the all Indian crew made it their duty to travel around the world in a sail boat called INSV Tarini.
A project was undertaken called Navika Sagar parihram. The government wanted to empower women. Women headed by Lt Commander Vartika Joshi started their voyage on 10th September 2017.
None of them were acquainted with a sail boat or ocean going. They started some theory classes on navigation, communication and weather prediction. Hands on training was given on how to repair things, how emergencies could be managed in rough weather. How medical emergencies could be met.
They underwent basic sail training courses in Mumbai, at the Indian Training courses in Mumbai at the Indian Naval waterman ship training centre, and at various schools in the Southern Naval base in Kochi. They also sailed on INSV Mhadei to Maurtius (2016 – 2017) and to Cape Town in December 2016. They underwent three years rigorous and vigorous training. The ship was a tutorial for them to master everything they had to know how to manage
food, water and even electricity during the big voyage. Out of thirty women who had applied six of them were shortlisted based on their survival skills. Commander Dilip Donde mentored the crew.
Empowered Women Navigating The World Additional Important Questions & Answers
I. Answer the following questions briefly.
Why was Navika Sagar parikrama project undertaken?
This project was taken up in agreement with the national policy to empower women.
Who led the six crew women?
Lt. Commander Vartika Joshi led the six women crew.
How do we know about the hardships faced by the crew?
Through their potential experiences we come to know their hard ships and the unforseen challenges they faced during the voyage.
How many were shortlisted?
Thirty women had applied and only six were shortlisted based on their survival skills.
Was the travel adventurous.
The crew witnessed the brilliant lights from the Tasman Sea. They were happy to see entire sky lit up in green light. Awestruck by the bio- iuminescence, dolphins swimming, variety of sea creatures and a dead sperm whale which was mistaken for an island from a distance. Hence, their travel was adventurous.
II. Answer the following in about 100-150 words:
What was the challenges faced during the trip?
The trip was really adventurous when they were crossing the Tasman sea. They saw the brilliant southern lights from the sea. It was a rare thing to see and they were awestruck. They were shocked to see the entire sky lit in green colour. There was bio-luminescence, dolphins swimming like neighbours near their boat.
There was a lot of sea creatures. They saw a huge dead sperm whale and thought it was an island. They had to Google names of the under sea species to learn about it. They had to combat a storm. When something broke, they needed to repair on their own, and afterwards felt happy when they did it. These were the challenges they had to meet in the sea.
Idioms and Phrases
D. Pick out the idioms and phrases from the box and write them in the blanks equivalent to their meanings. One is done for you.
[find one s voice, lend an ear, sharp as a tack, over the moon, on the ball, bring it on, come across, get along, hang on, work out]
E. Read the given sentences carefully and fill in with appropriate phrasal verbs. Choose them from the help box.
(get along with, take off, shut down, look after, warm up)
- The airhostess instructed the passengers to wear the seat belts during the ______
- Venkat felt happy to ______ the neighbours in the new locality.
- There will be a ______ next week in the office.
- Doing ______ every day in the morning keeps one healthy.
- The mother instructed the maid to ______ the child carefully
- take off
- get along with
- shut down
- warm up
- look after
F. Read the given passage carefully and fill in the blanks with suitable phrasal verbs from the help box.
Riya is a young dancer who feels contented and satisfied with herself. Let’s hear from her. Hi, everyone! I am Riya. I suppose I’m really lucky because I don’t (1) ______ weight easily. I never (2) ______ in the gym and the only time I (3) ______ is when I need something from the top shelf. I tried aerobics several times but I couldn’t. (4) ______ with the others. I take my pet for a walk thrice a day though, and that helps to (5) ______ the calories. I usually watch what I eat but I sometimes binge on ice cream. My sister Diya, is a real fitness fanatic. Before she works out she (6) ______ every day with push ups, sit ups, stretches and a jog around the park. She says it’s important to (7) ______ good levels of strength and stamina. I don’t want to overdo it though. A fitness regime like hers would (8) ______ me (9) ______
- put on
- work out
- stretch out
- keep up
- bum off
- warms up
G. Listen to the passage read by the teacher and say whether the given statement is true or false.
Preethi Srinivasan is a former cricketer from Tamil Nadu who played domestic cricket in the 1990’s. At the age of eight, she was the youngest girl to play in the State cricket team. At the age of 17, she captained the Tamil Nadu women’s under-19 cricket team in a national tournament in 1997, and registered its only victory ever.
She was also a state-level gold winner in 50 m breaststroke swimming event. But the following year, she suffered a spinal cord injury in an accident in Puducherry that left her quadriplegic. Her own trauma inspired her to create SoulFree, a foundation that aims to help Indian youth to cope with disabilities related to spinal cord injuries, and how suitable precautions can help them out.
Instead of the term ‘differently abled’, SoulFree employs the term ‘positively-abled’ for those suffering from a disability. She is active in social life and earned many honours too. In 2018, she received the Kalpana Chawala Award for Courage and Daring Enterprise.
- Preethi Srinivasan is a former cricketer from Tamil Nadu.
- At the age of seventeen, she captained the Indian Women’s cricket team.
- Preethi Srinivasan was not only a cricketer but also a runner.
- Preethi’s own trauma inspired her to create SoulFree, a foundation for those suffering from mental illness.
- Preethi received the Kalpana Chawla Award for Courage and Daring Enterprise.
Storytelling is an art which involves planning, research and skill. A good storyteller makes decisions ahead that drive their stories forward, engage their audience and relate information important to the telling of the story
H. Read the clues given below and develop your story. Narrate your story to the class.
Robert Bruce – King – lying on the ground in a dejected mood – failed to defeat his enemies – was thinking of giving up the attempt – saw a spider falling down from the ceiling – the ceiling far away – wondered how it would get there – the spider fell back again – again it tried – again it fell – it made nine such attempts – no success – climbed up once more – at last succeeded in reaching the roof – Bruce imitated its example – he too tried once again – was successful.
There once lived in Scotland a brave and wise king named Robert Bruce. He loved the forest and made it his home. The king of Scotland, wanted to chase him from Scotland and annexe it with England. Though Robert Bruce fought six times, he was utterly defeated. His men were scattered. Lonely, and exhausted Robert Bruce went to his usual cave. It was raining.
Full of grief, feeling bitter at the defeat, he lay down in the cave and tried to rest. Then he saw a spider above his head trying to spin a web. He watched the spider moving slowly and steadily make attempts to climb up (As slow and steady wins the race). The spider tried to spin from one end of the cave to another. He felt sorry for the spider. The spider tried nine times but there was no use. Even then the spider did not lose hope. He won the tenth time. Fascinated, by the awesome victory, he leamt a lesson for life.
“Never cast down by the troubles you meet”.
“Be brave in the hour of sour defeat”.
When life is a test where the brave do their best.
Carried away, inspired, motivated, activated by the spider’s awesome progress. Bruce called out his men. He inspired new hopes and challenges to his soldiers. He inspired them to strengthen their efforts. England was defeated in the seventh battle. It was laurels, laurels, all the way. Bruce became its king. His marvelous victory is traced back to the spider. Inspiration from the spider. Perspiration to fight, the good fight, made him to retain his supremacy.
Bruce followed the spider’s attempt as his motivation and once again he tried to defeat his enemies. This time Robert Bruce was successful like the spider.
“Try, try again until you succeed”.
I. Develop a story with the given pictures and narrate it to your class. Your story must have a plot and vivid details.
This is a story about a crew who went on a voyage. Perhaps they must have been happy. Suddenly the sea got rough. The ship crashed on a rock and sank to the bottom of the Pacific ocean. Later some divers accidently landed up on the spot. “My Goodness gracious”. They were spell bound to sea the riches in the ocean like coral etc., They were simply amazed to see a ship sunk “Heavens” shocked and mesmerized, they were agast “All kinds of beauty and joy forever”. First they plotted and planned to with-hold some: The treasure was a pleasure. Rocked with joy, they came to the land. Then they had a change of heart. They decided it was the right time to inform the Naval base, locate it for them. The four people were awarded. They were laughing and joking.
“Let us also ‘laugh and be merry’’
Remember the world with a soul ’’
When the hearts are pure and free.
I. Read the data below and answer the following questions.
Choose the correct answer:
What is the data about?
(a) women empowerment
(b) women power
(c) women at work
(d) women at home
(c) women at work
Identify the three jobs where the same percentage of women work:
In which field of work is women’s involvement the second highest?
(a) Logistics stores
(b) Home maker
(d) Administration/Human resource
(a) Logistics stores
Percentage of women working in finance is the same as:
(a) Home maker
(b) Information Technology
(c) Technical Field
(d) Administration/Human Resources
(b) Information Technology
What is the difference between the percentage of women working in logistics and Medicine?
A slogan is usually a short phrase that is easy and catchy to remember. They are often used in advertisements and by political parties or organizations who expect people to remember what they are selling. The words used in a slogan are simple, relevant, attractive and brief.
J. Read the given slogans and match them appropriately with their theme.
|1. One for all and all for one||(a) Junk food|
|2. Limit your fast food otherwise it would be your last food||(b) Save water|
|3. Restricting a woman restricts the growth of the family||(c) Cleanliness|
|4. Clean and green makes perfect scene||(d) Woman empowerment|
|5, It takes a lot of blue to stay green||(e) Unity|
K. Look at the images of familiar advertisements given below. Identify the products and try to frame your own slogans for each one of them.
L. Look at the pictures given below and frame your own slogans
Imagine that you have parked your vehicle (two-wheeler)/ bicycle inside the school premises. You find it missing in the evening. Write a complaint to the head of the school regarding this issue.
Arul Joshica Below Tipperary,
16th July 2019
Matilda’s public school,
Subject: Complaint about a lost (two wheeler bicycle).
I am Arul Joshica, student of std X studying in your esteemed institution. I parked my two wheeler red colour no. 1464 in the school cycle stand on 15th July 2019. In the evening at 4 pm, it was found missing. I request you to kindly to take immediate action to find my vehicle and do the needful. It is a brand new one too with a blue sticker (heart).
Write a complaint to the officer of the PWD department to take immediate actions of maintaining cleanliness in the Children’s Park in your locality.
20,b May 2019.
Subject: Necessity of the cleanliness of a park in our locality
We, the residents of Y city bring to your kind notice, the uncleanliness of the children’s park in our locality. First and foremost there is a lot of garbage in the park. The gates are removed. There is no watchman to maintain the natural surrounding. It is difficult for the senior citizens to stroll in the park. Play instruments for the kids are dismantled. Serenity and tranquility is needed for everyone. “A thing of beauty is a joy forever”. Hence we request you to take some immediate steps to enhance cleanliness which is next to Godliness, for the benefits of mankind, and appoint some in-charge personnel. to maintain the cleanliness of our park. Hope you will do the needful and make our park as part of ‘Swatch Bharath’.
Write a letter to the manager of a famous daily, ordering subscription for your school library.
No. 27 Cross Road,
16th July 2019
Subject: Paying subscription for your daily for our school library With regard to the discount provided for school students for your newspaper in yesterday’s advertisement. I am hereby enclose a Demand Draft of about five hundred rupees for the annual subscription. Please send the news paper daily, on time, to enable the children to read it, for reading maketh a complete man.
The term, ‘Tense’ denotes the time of action. They show when the work is done. The English Tenses are:
A. Complete the sentences in present tense forms.
- Saravanan always ______ (go) for a walk in the morning.
- We ______ (gather) here for a meeting and the chair person is yet to. arrive.
- Aruna ______ eagerly ______ (wait) to meet her friend since morning.
- Sheeba ______ (move) to a new house next week.
- Naseera ______ (attend) music classes regularly.
- ilakiya and Adhira ______ (enjoy) each other’s company very much.
- Mani ______ (work) in this school for five years.
- It ______ (pour) outside now.
- are gathered
- is, waiting
- is pouring
B. Complete the sentences in past tense forms.
- I _______ (go) to her place on foot.
- The children _______ (play) in the ground when the teacher arrived.
- They _______ (request) him when the manager arrived.
- If you _______ (work) hard, you would have won the relay match.
- Joanna and Joy _______ already _______ (leave) for Ooty, when the others reached the station.
- We all _______ (sing) in the choir last week.
- Nancy _______ always _______ (ask) for help.
- The office goers _______ (wait) for the train.
- were playing
- were requesting
- had worked
- had, left
- was, asking
- were waiting
C. Fill in the blanks using the verbs in the brackets in the future form.
- We _____ not _____ to the market, in case it rains, (go)
- Keerthi _____ his work by next week.(do)
- The peon the bell by the time I reach the school.(ring)
- I _____ my sister’s house next April if I go to Uttarkhand. (visit)
- If you listen carefully, you _____ my point, (understand)
- By next year, I _____ in Chennai for fifteen years, (iive)
- The new edition of this book _____ out shortly, (come)
- She hopes you _____ her. (help)
- will, go
- will do
- will have rung
- shall/will visit
- will/shall understand
- shall have been/will have been living
- will come
- would help
D. Underline the verbs and identify the tense forms.
- I am working hard day and night.
- The Moon revolves around the Earth.
- Were the milk men milking the cow?
- He received your messages last night.
- have been ill for a couple of days.
- present continuous tense
- simple present tense
- past continuous tense
- simple past tense
- present perfect tense
E. In the following passage, some words are missing. Choose the , correct words from the given options to complete the passage.
Raghav (a) ______ in a middle class family. He is a (b) ______ boy of 8. His mother (c) ______ as a software engineer in an MNC.(d) ______ is his favourite hobby. He (e) ______ the first prize in school level competition for drawing last week. He (f) ______ drawing at the age of 3. His mother (g) ______ he (h) ______ a great painter in future.
(i) will be born
(ii) is born
(iv) has born
(ii) is born
(ii) going to school
(iii) school coming
(iv) school gone
(iii) has worked
(iv) will work
(ii) had drawn
(iv) having drawn
(ii) was winning
(i) was starting
(iv) is starting
(iv) has hoped
(i) will become
(iii) would become
(iv)will be becoming
(iii) would become
F. The following passage has not been edited. There is one error in the tense of the verb in each line. Write the wrong word as well as the correct word in the given place. One is done for you.
G. Read the story and rewrite it using the simple past tense.
Juno the elephant is lonely and tries to make friends with the other animals in the forest. But, the other animals refuse to play with Juno because of his size. One day, all the animals are running away from Dera the tiger who is eating everyone he finds. Juno goes and gives Dera a swift kick. Dera immediately runs away. Juno is now everyone’s friend.
Juno the elephant was lonely and tried to make friends with the other animals in the forest. But, the other animals refused to play with Juno because of his size. One day, all the animals were running away from Dera the tiger, who was eating everyone he found. Juno went and gave Dera a swift kick. Dera immediately ran away. Juno was everyone’s friend then.
H. Read the situations given and frame two suitable sentences in the appropriate form of the tenses.
Give two instructions to your classmates.
- Students, Please maintain silence.
- Pick up the papers on the floor.
Make any two requests to your classmates or friends.
- May I borrow your book? / Please lend me your pen.
- Please come soon.
Mention any two of your discontinued habits in the correct tense form.
- I stopped taking tea.
- I am reluctant to have fast food.
Mention any of your two dreams in the correct tense form.
- My dream is to pursue higher studies in London.
- My dream is to help the poorest of the poor.
Grammar & Composition
Introduction to Tenses:
When we are reading anything, how do we know if the events are happening in the past, present or the possible future? We indicate time by modifying the verbs accordingly.
Verbs are often used in a way that it indicates or denotes the time when an event occurred. These verbs that take up different forms to indicate the time of an action, event or condition by changing its form are called as tenses. Tenses can be classified into three categories:
- Past Tense
- Present Tense
- Future Tense
With each of these tenses, there are four aspects associated with it.
We use present tense.
When we speak about
Universal truth: The sun rises in the east.
Proverb: Strike the iron while it is hot.
Habitual action: I get up everyday early in the morning.
Action going on at the present moment: The sun sets in the sky.
Future action which is certain to take place: Our prime minister arrives tomorrow at 10 o’ clock in the morning.
Present continuous tense:
present perfect tense:
Present perfect continuous tense:
Simple past tense:
Past continuous tense:
Past perfect continuous tense:
Simple future tense:
Future perfect tense:
I shall written my exercise by that time Future Perfect Continuous Tense:
Do it yourself…..
A. Fill in with correct verb
- The earth ______ round the sun. (move,moves,moved)
- My friend ______ the Prime Minister yesterday, (see, have seen, saw)
- I ______ him only one letter up to now. (sent, have sent, shall send)
- Can I have some milk before I ______ to bed. (go, am going, shall go)
- We ______ studying English for five years, (study, am studying, have been studying)
- The ______ baby all morning, (cries, cried, has been crying)
- By this time next year Prakash ______ his degree, (takes, will take, will have taken)
- We ______ Padma for several months, (have not seen, has seen, saw)
- I ______ my work, (has finished, finished, have finished)
- My uncle ______ tomorrow, (arrived, is arriving, was arriving)
- If it rains we ______ get wet. (will, shall, will be)
- We ______ for America next Saturday, (sail, have sailed, sailed)
- I ______ this letter last week, (have received, received, was received)
- I ______ my exercise when Gopi came to see me. (had done, did have done)
- The light ______ out while I ______ (goes, went, were reading, was reading)
- have sent
- have been studying
- has been crying
- will have taken
- have not seen
- have finished
- is arriving
- had done
B. Fill in with correct verb
- She ________ in the concert tomorrow, (is playing, has played, has been playing)
- This paper ________ twice weekly, (is appearing, appears, appearing)
- It ________ raining since early morning, (raining, has been raining, rained)
- My uncle ________ busy with his election duty, (was, will be, was busy)
- They ________ when they came, (was sleeping, have been sleeping, were sleeping)
- We ________ out last Sunday, (have not gone, did not go, didn’t go, hadn’t gone)
- When I was washing the dishes it ________ out of my hand on to the floor. (had slipped, slipped, has slipped)
- I ________ my friend Nithya at the party last night, (had seen, saw, has seen)
- Usually the children ________ in the evening, (played, play, plays)
- Do not disturb me. I ________ the novel, (read, was reading, am reading)
- My uncle ________ a house recently, (built, have built, has built)
- We ________ French for two years, (have been learning, learnt, are learning)
- I think you the ________ result today, (get, will get, got)
- We ________ T.V when my uncle came, (were watching, had been watching, are watching)
- ________ we go to the glass house? (will be, shall, will)
- We ________ the house in the native place by this time next year, (built, had built, will have built)
- She ________ to the party along with her friend, (had come, came, will be coming)
- The farmer ________ the corn as it has ripened, (was cutting, is cutting, has been cutting)
- He ________ sixty next birthday we must celebrate it. (was, will be, shall be)
- By next June we ________ completed our XI std pubilc examination, (will completed, will have completed, will be completing)
- is playing
- has been raining
- will be
- were sleeping
- didn’t go
- am reading
- has built
- have been learning
- will get
- were watching
- will have built
- is cutting
- will be
- will have
Tenses with an example
- Present Simple – “I play tennis.”
- Past Simple – “I played tennis.”
- Future Simple – “I will play tennis.”
- Present Perfect – “I have played tennis.”
- Past Perfect – “I had played tennis.”
- Future Perfect – “I will have played tennis.”
- Present Continuous – “I am playing tennis.”
- Past continuous – “I was playing tennis.”
Empowered Women Navigating The World Summary
“The woods are lovely, dark and deep I have got promises to keep I have got promises to keep”
As Robert Frost quoted in his poem, today’s women don’t have time to waste their time in useless things. Gone are the days, where women in India remained indoors unless permitted to go out with an escort. Thanks to those women who fought for their freedom and set a very good example for others. Currently, women’s accomplishments are tremendous in many fields. One such achievement is All-women Indian Navy crew who circumnavigated the world for 254 days all alone, in a sail boat called INSV Tarini.
Act for the living present: Today’s women try to live up to the expectations of our country. India’s all women navy crew went all over the world in 254 days. They have shared their experience about their great voyage. Through their personal experiences, we really come to know their hardships and unpredictable challenges they have faced through out their expedition. School of education: Women knew nothing about the affairs of the sea. After three years of rigorous training, they were able to take the boat to the sea.
All-around practical training was given, as how to repair things, how to deal with medical emergencies etc. They underwent basic training courses in Mumbai and at various schools, at the naval base in Kochi. They were trained for three years to prepare for the voyage. “Be up and doing” was their motto. The old boat they travelled became a tutorial ‘to strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield’ to others. Based on the survival skills six women were shortlisted.
Honesty, and integrity was the need of the hour: They were fair and square and followed the rules of travelling. They learned to stand on their, own feet as “Self help was the best help”. They could have switched on the engine, when the wind failed but for them honesty was the hall mark. Discussion was involved to solve a problem. A team that works together, stays together. That helped them to choose the best. Team effort actually helped in navigating through 20 hours long storm. Standing alone, to face the nightmare would have been highly irritating and dismal to many but they faced every hurdle with confidence. The challenging task while sailing was, the storms encountered in the South Pacific and the hurricanes they came across. Nature became their teacher.
Nature nurtures us: It was rather heavenly, when there were some pro’s and con’s. They stood up together stoically, to face the problems. This gave them the energy to steer on. It was indeed adventurous, when they came across brilliant southern lights from the sea. It was awesome to see the entire sky lit up in green. There was bio luminescence, dolpins swimming near their boats, to witness sea creatures and dead sperm whale. Hobbies kept them busy.
They also celebrated three birthday’s including the first birth day of the boat crossing the equator, the International ‘Date Line and such’.Hat’s off my country men: They realized that they have to answer to the queries of their country men who were watching and praying without ceasing for all of them. This was of course a boost for those sailor (women) and a real sign of progress for the country for the safety of women. They felt honoured, and a great boost to the all women crew to complete their voyage successfully.
Conclusion: The all women crew of INSV Tarini included six women – Lt. Commander Vartika Joshi, Lt. Cdr. Pratibh Jamwal, Lt. Cdr. Swathi Patarapalli, Lt. Aishwarya Boddapati, Lt. Sh. Vijaya Devi and Lt. Payal Gupta. Their voyage was marked in navigation history as a historic one globally. They proved that today’s women are empowered and do any task if they set their mind to it. They understood that the sea did not discriminate between genders and gender did not play a role in sailing. They have become an inspiration for other women to enter any offices and make a wonderful attainment / achievement in that post / field.
Empowered Women Navigating The World Synonyms
|array||arrangement / bundle|
|consonance||agreement / harmony|
|extensive||broad / wide ranging|
Empowered Women Navigating The World Antonyms
|night mare||×||pleasure / actuality|
|occupy||×||reject / ignore|
|patron||×||antagonist / enemy|
|potential||×||helpless / locking|
|tremendous||×||inferior / common|
|overcome||×||unbothered / indifferent|
|witnessed||×||overlooked / neglected|