Tamilnadu State Board New Syllabus Samacheer Kalvi 7th English Guide Pdf Term 3 Prose Chapter 2 A Story of Self Sacrifice and Bravery Text Book Back Questions and Answers, Summary, Notes.
Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 7th English Solutions Term 3 Prose Chapter 2 A Story of Self Sacrifice and Bravery
7th English Guide A Story of Self Sacrifice and Bravery Text Book Back Questions and Answers
Warm Up (Text Book Page No. 105)
Many people become engineers, doctors, IAS officers, film stars and soon. But few become “Human”. (Text Book Page No. 105)
Look at the pictures.
Discuss and Answer.
1. What makes a personal hero?
A hero is a person with distinguished courage and ability. He has brave deeds and noble qualities. He is selfless, good, and responsible.
2. How do heroes make a difference?
Heroes are not bom but made. They are high achievers. They are great souls. The efforts they make keep them in the line of outstanding heroes.
3. Does every hero have to fight or risk their life?
Yes. The heroes take risks. They are selfless. They are willing to fight and bring reform. They face immense hardships. They fight against social evils and social injustice.
Think and Answer:
1. Can you think of a situation in which taking a small action would make a big difference?
Feeding the hungry people, helping the needy men, sheltering the downtrodden people, educating the underprivileged children are small acts that can make big difference.
2. What about everyday heroes who do small but important acts?
Firefighters, Social activists, men who help the society in natural disasters, Medical staff who treat the patients, people who guard our nation are real heroes in everyday life.
3. Are these people really heroes?
Yes. People who create unforgettable impressions are real heroes. They work for the uplift and betterment of the nation. They risk their lives for the security of others. Such selfless people make the nation a blessed one. They are down to earth persons. They are strong but not rude. They are kind but not weak. They need not have superpowers. Still, they stand high as the makers of the nation.
Section – I
Textual Questions (Text Book Page No. 107)
Discuss and Answer:
1. How did Neerja save the Americans?
Neerja Bhanot collected the passports of the Americans. She managed to hide their passports and discard them down the rubbish chute. With her help, 39 Americans out of 41 were saved.
2. Why did Neerja alert the pilots?
Neerja alerted the pilots using the code. The pilots made an escape. The plane could not move from its place without the pilots. So, she alerted them.
3. What happened when the terrorists lost their patience?
The terrorists lost their cool and opened fire on the passengers.
Section – II
Textual Questions (Text Book Page No. 109)
Discuss and Answer:
1. Name the schools and colleges Neerja studied in.
Neerja studied upto 6th std in Sacred Heart School, Chandigarh. In Mumbai, She studied at Bombay Scottish School. She got her degree in St.Xavier’s College, Mumbai.
2. Why was Neerja sent to London?
Neeija was sent to London to get training to be a purser in Pan Am airways.
3. What is the duty of a purser?
Pursers worked as managers on flights, handling passenger’s complaints, making required announcements and handling security.
Section – III
Textual Questions (Text Book Page No. 110)
Discuss and Answer:
1. Why was Neerja awarded the Asok Chakra?
Neerja’s, bravery was acknowledged and rewarded. She was awarded the Ashok Chakra, India’s highest honour for bravery in peace time and she became the youngest civilian to receive it.
2. How was Neerja honoured by various governments?
Indian Government gave Neerja Ashok Chakra.
American Government gave Neerja ‘Justice for Crimes Award’.
Pakistan Government gave her Tamgha-e-Insaniyat Award.
3. What are the selection criteria for the Neerja Bhanot Pan Am award?
The trust of Neerja Bhanot Pan AM gives an award to honour a flight crew member who acts beyond the call on duty. Another award is given to an Indian woman who overcomes social injustice and helps other women in similar social distress.
Think and Answer. (Text Book Page No. 111)
1. According to Neerja’s father, Neerja had well-defined principles and there was little room for compromise in that area. Do you have any principles where you don’t want to compromise?
Yes, everyone should have his own principles, in avoiding the bad habit of telling lies, copying in the test, stealing the things of others in the class. Respecting the teachers and parents, obeying the elders must be the principles of all students.
2. Virinda told the Indian Express that Neerja was a loyal friend. Are you always loyal to your friend?
Yes. We must be loyal to our friends. We must share good books with our friends. We must help them in their needs. We must correct them if they are wrong. We must guide them when they are helpless.
3. Neerja would speak her mind, tell them the truth, according to one of her classmates Eliza. Do you always have the courage to stand for the truth?
Mahatma Gandhi refused to say any lies in his ife. He was successful in his freedom struggle. Like him, people who are truthful will always win even if they come across some difficulty in their efforts. A truthful person has a free conscience and a brave heart. He has no fear.
Read and Understand
A. Fill in the blanks.
1. The terrorists asked Neerja to collect the passports of the passengers because …………………………
they wanted to target the Americans
2. Neerja passed on the warning in a code to the pilots because she ………………………….
wanted them to escape
3. Neerja leapt into action when she ………………………….
saw the danger
4. Neerja had a sour marriage due to ………………………….
5. Neerja was sent to London based on ………………………….
performance and review
B. Think and write.
1. “I will die; but not run away” – Justify the saying of Neerja.
Yes. Neerja Bhanot had been true to her words. She could have run away for She knew the escape routes well. But She died not ran away.
2. Why did the three governments of – India, America, and Pakistan – honour Neerja?
Neerja Bhanot had been an Indian. So the Indian government honoured her. The hijacking incident took place on the soil of Pakistan. So the Pakistan Government honoured her. Neerja Bhanot protected the Americans when the terrorists wanted to target the Americans. So the government of America honoured her.
3. How can we abolish terrorism?
The unemployed youth are misguided to join terrorist movements. The rural youth and youth on the hill ranges have to be employed. Security in the country must be screwed up. Vigilant survillence throughout the country must get more tightened. These are some of the measures to abolish terrorism.
C. Read the “Story of Self Sacrifice and Bravery” Once again and complete the flow chart.
D. Write a summary based on the flow chart.
Neerja Bhanot sacrificed her life in an attempt to hijack the plane. After graduation, she had a sour marriage. So she left her husband and took her career. She had been in modelling first. Then she became the cabin manager. When the plane was hijacked she alerted the pilots to escape. The plane could not move. She tried to evacuate the passengers. The terrorists opened fire. She died with the injury inflicted by bullets. She was given Ashok Chakra Award, Justice for Crimes Award, Tamgha-e-Insaniyat Award. In the year 2004, the postage stamp was issued. A square in Mumbai was named after Neerja Bhanot.
E. Fill in the blanks with appropriate airline vocabulary given in the box.
1. You must present the boarding pass at the gate.
2. It might be a turbulent ride because we are flying through a storm.
3. If you need anything just press the call flight.
4. The captain and the co-pilot set in the cockpit.
5. Gate 3B is down this hall and to your right.
6. We will be landing in Chennai in approximately ten minutes.
7. The plane almost missed the bumpy because it was such a bad storm.
8. We are next in line to touch down on this run way.
9. That was a very smooth take-off.
10. This runway should only last a few minutes.
F. Match the phrasal verbs in column A with their meaning in Column B.
|fight or flight||to defend oneself or to run away|
|put to flight||to cause someone to flee|
|take flight||to flee or run away|
|flight of fancy||an imaginative but unrealistic idea|
|have a nice flight||enjoy your flight|
|in full flight||escaping as rapidly as possible|
|top-flight||among the best of a particular group|
G. Find out the anagrams. Use each pair of phrases as clues. (Text Book Page No. 114)
1. The past tense of a leap
Something to serve food on
2. A place to grow flowers
Something to be careful of
3. Another word for under
A part of your arm
4. Try to hear
Another word for quiet
5. Another word for gift
A large snake or a dragon
6. Minutes and hours
A thing on a list
7. An organ that pumps blood
The planet we live on
8. Something used to water plants
A thing you put on your foot
H. Listen to the announcements and answer the questions (Text for listening is in page number -155)
1. What is the number of the flight?
Flight 89 B is the number of flight
2. What are the things to be kept ready?
Boarding pass and identification must be kept ready.
3. When will the regular boarding begin?
Regular boarding will begin in ten minutes.
Announcement – 2
1. For whom is the final boarding call?
The final boarding call is for the passengers, Alex and Ruskin
2. Where should the passengers proceed?
The passengers should proceed to gate 3 immediately.
3. Where is the flight to?
The plane goes to New Delhi.
Announcement – 3
1. When will the flight be in the air?
They expect the flight will be in the air in seven minutes.
2. What are the things that should be turned off?
Cell phones, electronic devices should be. turned off while take off.
3. What is prohibited during the flight?
Smoking is prohibited during the flight.
J. Imagine that your are going to interview one of the survivors of the Pan Am Hijack. Discuss with your partner and write down the conversation. Then one of you play the role of the interviewer and other the survivor. You can use the sample questions given below. (Text Book Page No. 116)
1. Do you have any information regarding the suspects of the hijack?
The hijackers wanted to fly to Israel and crash the plane against a building.
2. Which countries did the passengers belong to?
The passengers were from many countries.
There were Indians, Germans, Americans, Pakistanis among others.
Note: There is no reference about the nationality of the hijackers in the lesson. So, this question is given wrongly.
Here we have the corrected question above.
3. What are the details of the hijacked flights?
The aircraft Pan Am 73 was with 360 Passengers on board. It came from Mumbai. Its destination was the United States. It had been parked at Karachi airport. At that time, armed terrorists hijacked the plane.
4. How many passengers were on board?
360 passengers were on board.
5. What happened in the last few minutes of the hijack drama?
After 17 hours the plane ran out of power. The terrorists opened fire at the passengers. They raised hell on board. Neeija tried to evacuate the passengers.
6. Do you have information regarding the victims?
No information of the victims is given in the book.
7. Was there any recorded communication to/from the plane during the hijacking?
Usually, the voice recorder records the communication and it is inside the black box. The black box is kept in the tail of an aircraft. From the black box, some recorded communication during the hijacking could have obtained.
8. How many terrorists were there?
There were four terrorists. ,
9. How did you feel when you were on the flight?
I felt terrible. I was scared and felt hell.
10. Can you recall Neerja’s role in safeguarding the passengers?
The service of Neeija was selfless and noble. She had been heroic, fearless, alert, and sensible. The braveheart sacrifices her life in the service of others.
L. Discuss with your partner and Punctuate the following. (Text Book Page No. 117)
1. the woman said to the student please help me cross the street
The woman said to the student, “Please help me cross the street.”
2. sarathy said oh how thrilling it was
Sarthy said, “Oh! How thrilling it was!”
3. the teacher said to the students where do you want to go
The teacher said to the students, “Where do you want to go?”
4. i am tired mohana said to her aunt
“I am tired,” Mohana said to her aunt.
5. shankar said to his teacher madam I had prepared my project assignment but i forgot to bring it
Shankar said to his teacher, “Madam, I had prepared my project assignment but I forgot to bring it.”
M. Complete the sentences in reported speech. (Text Book Page No. 117)
1. “It is too late,” I said that it ………………. too late.
2. “I met you yesterday.” Sam told me that he had met me ………………..
the previous day
3. “I cannot come,” Mala said that ………………..
she could not come.
4. I will pay tomorrow. “He said that he would pay ………………..
the next day.
5. The Himalayas are the highest mountain ranges. He knew that the Himalayas ………………. the highest mountain ranges.
6. I may lend you some money.” Balu Promised ………………. some money.
to lend me
7. I have been watching a film.” He said that ………………. a film.
he had been watching
8. I have not done it today.” I explained that I had not done it ………………. .
9. I was with him last week.” Jimmy told that ………………. with him the previous week.
Jimmi had been
10. I will finish this picture tomorrow.” Jothi said that ………………. picture the next day.
he would finish that
N. Read the following dialogue and report it.
Betty : What are you doing here, Kitty? I haven’t seen you since June.
Kitty : I’ve just come back from my holiday in Darjeeling.
Betty : Did you enjoy it?
Kitty : I love Darjeeling. The landscape is amazing.
Betty : Did you go to Lloyd’s Botanical Garden?
Kitty Yes, It was my first trip. I can show you some pictures. Are you doing anything tomorrow?
Betty : I must arrange a couple of things. But I am free tonight.
Kitty : You might come to my place. What time shall we meet?
Betty : I’ll be there at eight. Is it all right?
Betty asked Kitty how she was doing there. And she added she had not seen Kittv since June. Kitty explained that she had just come back from her holiday in Darjeeling. Betty asked if she enjoyed it. Kitty told her that she loves Darjeeling and that the landscape is amazing Betty wanted to know if Kittv had gone to the Lloyd’s Botanical Garden. Kitty said that it was her first trip and that she could show some pictures. And then she asked her if she was free that night Betty explained that she must arrange a couple of things. But she added that she was free that night. Kitty suggested that Betty should come to her place and asked her at what time she would be there Betty said she would be there at eight. And finally, she asked if it was all right.
O. Read the story of Neerja Bhanot. Make notes based on the table and complete it.
|Father’s Name & Occupation||Harish Bhanot, Journalist|
|Mother’s Name & Occupation||Rama Bhanot, Journalist|
|Education||School: Sacret Heart High School, Chandigarh|
|College: St. Xavier’s College, Bombay Scottish School Mumbai.|
|Career||Modelling, Purser in Pan Am air ways|
|Personal Life||Marriage had been a disaster – she left her husband|
|Siblings||She had two brothers, named Akil, Aneesh|
|Achievements||She became the senior most cabin manager in Pan Am airways|
|Awards||Ashok Chakra, Justice for crimes award, Tamgha – e- Insaniyat award|
|Legacy||Trust formed for two awards every year.|
|Place of Death||Karachi airport, in the hijacking tragedy|
P. Heroes are ordinary people who do extraordinary things.” Write an anecdote on the extraordinary deed of Jaiswal K.P. who helped in the recent Kerala Flood. Use the tips given in the box. (Text Book Page No. 120)
An anecdote is a brief, revealing account of an individual person or an incident. Consider these questions to write an anecdote.
1. Who was involved in the story?
Jaiswal. K.P. was involved in the story.
2. What, when, where happened?
In the year 2018 August there was severe flood in Kerala due to high rainfall. 483 people died. 140 people were said to be missing. Due to flood, there were landslides 1,50,000 people were evacuated. Several districts were isolated. Traffic became impossible. Coastel areas were submerged.
3. How is it relevant?
J.P. Kaiswal is a resident of Tanur. He helped an elderly woman step into an, inflatable boat. The fishermen and local residents helped the victims of flood to a great extent.
A Story of Self Sacrifice and Bravery Summary in English
A Plane, PAN Am Flight 73 was hijacked at Karachi airport by the terrorists. Neerja Bhanot tried to save the people. She made the pilots escape. She evacuated many passengers. She was hit by the bullets of the terrorists and she died.
Neeraja Bhanot had a sour marriage. So she left her husband. She became the senior most cabin manager.
The act of bravery was acknowledged and rewarded by Indian, Pakistanian and American governments. She was given Ashok Chakra award. She got ‘Justice for Crimes Award’ posthumously.
She received the Tamgha – e- Insaniyat award.
A trust is formed by her parents. A postage stamp was issued in her honour. In India, a square in Mumbai was named after her –
A Story of Self Sacrifice and Bravery Summary in Tamil
PAN AM Flight 73 என்ற விமானம் கராச்சி விமான நிலையத்தில், தீவிரவாதிகள் கட்டுப்பாட்டுக்குள் வந்தது. நீரஜா பானட் பயணிகளை காக்க விரும்பினாள். பைலட்கள், வெளியேறி தப்பிக்கும்படி செய்தாள். பல பயணிகளை விமானத்திலிருந்து தப்பிக்க வைத்தாள். தீவிரவாதிகளின் துப்பாக்கி குண்டில் பலியாகி இறந்தாள்.
நீரஜா பானட்டின் திருமணம் கசப்பானது. எனவே கணவன் வீட்டை துறந்தாள். மூத்த கேபின் மானேஜராய் விமானக் கம்பெனியில் பணி புரிந்தாள்.
அவளது வீரச் செயல், இந்திய பாகிஸ்தானிய, அமெரிக்க அரசுகளால் கௌரவிக்கப்பட்டது. அவளுக்கு அசோக சக்கரா விருது கிடைத்தது. ‘குற்றங்களுக்கு நீதி’ என்ற விருதும் மரணத்திற்கு பின் கிடைத்தது. தம்கா-இ-இன்சாட் யாட் விருதும் கிடைத்தது. அவளது பெற்றோரால் ஓர் அறக்கட்டளை தொடங்கப்பட்டது. நீரஜாவை கௌரவிக்க தபால் தலை இந்தியாவில் வெளியிடப்பட்டது. மும்பையில் ஒரு சதுக்கம் அவள் பெயரால் விளங்குகிறது.