Samacheer Kalvi 7th Books Solutions Guide

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Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 2 Market and Consumer Protection

Tamilnadu State Board New Syllabus Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Pdf Civics Term 3 Chapter 2 Market and Consumer Protection Text Book Back Questions and Answers, Notes.

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7th Social Science Guide Market and Consumer Protection Text Book Back Questions and Answers

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 2 Market and Consumer Protection

I. Choose the correct answer:

Question 1.
In which case a consumer cannot complain against the manufacturer for a defective product?
a) Date of expiry unspecified
b) Price of the commodity
c) Batch number of the commodity
d) Address of the manufacturer
Answer:
c) Batch number of the commodity

Question 2.
Consumer’s face various problems from the producer’s end due to
a) Unfair trade practices
b) Wide range of goods
c) Standard quality goods
d) Volume of production
Answer:
a) Unfair trade practices

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 2 Market and Consumer Protection

Question 3.
Consumers must be provided with adequate information about a product to make
a) Investment in production
b) Decision in sale of goods
c) Credit purchase of goods
d) Decision in purchase of goods
Answer:
d) Decision in purchase of goods

Question 4.
The system of consumer courts at the national, state, and district levels, looking into consumers grievances against unfair trade practices of businessmen and providing necessary compensation, is called as
a) Three tier system
b) One tier system
c) Two tier system
d) Four tier system
Answer:
a) Three tier system

Question 5.
Mixing other extraneous material of inferior quality with a superior quality material is called
a) Purification
b) Adulteration
c) Refinement
d) Alteration
Answer:
b) Adulteration

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 2 Market and Consumer Protection

II. Fill in the blanks:

1. A set up where two or more parties engage in …………… of goods, services and information is called a market.
Answer:
Buying and selling

2. In regulated Markets, there is some oversight by appropriate ………………. authorities.
Answer:
government

3. …………… refers to a market structure in which there is a single producer or seller that has a control on
the entire market.
Answer:
Monopoly

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 2 Market and Consumer Protection

4. ……………… statue is regarded as the ‘Magna Carta’ in the field of consumer protection for checking
unfair trade practices.
Answer:
COPRA

III. Match the following:

A B
1. The Consumer Protection Act a) 1955
2. The Legal Metrology Act b) 1986
3. The Bureau of Indian Standards c) 2009
4. The Essential Commodities Act d) 1986

Answer:

A B
1. The Consumer Protection Act c) 2009
2. The Legal Metrology Act b) 1986
3. The Bureau of Indian Standards d) 1986
4. The Essential Commodities Act a) 1955

IV. Consider the following statements:

Question 1.
Tick the appropriate answer:
Assertion (A) : In local Markets the buyers and sellers are limited to the local region or area.
Reason (R) : A market is not restricted to one physical or geographical location.
a) Both, A and R, are true and R is the correct explanation of A
b) Both, A and R, are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
c) If A is true but R is false
d) If A is false but R is true
Answer:
b) Both, A and R, are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 2 Market and Consumer Protection

VI. Answer the following questions:

Question 1.
What is the market?
Answer:
A setup where two or more parties are engaged in an exchange of goods, services, and information is called a market.

Question 2.
Describe consumer protection.
Answer:

  • Consumer protection is a group of laws enacted to protect the rights of consumers, fairtrade, competition, and accurate information in the marketplace.
  • This Act was enacted in 1986 in the Parliament of India to protect the interests of consumers.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 2 Market and Consumer Protection

Question 3.
List out the rights of consumers.
Answer:

  1. The Right to Basic Needs.
  2. The Right to Safety.
  3. The Right to Information.
  4. The Right to Choose.
  5. The Right to representation.
  6. The Right to Redress.
  7. The Right to Consumer Education.
  8. The Right to a Healthy Environment.

Question 4.
Discuss the role of consumer courts.
Answer:
Consumer courts in India:

National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (NCDRC):

  • A national-level court works for the whole country and deals compensation claimed exceeds rupees one crore.
  • The National Commission is the Apex body of Consumer Courts; it is also the highest appellate court in the hierarchy.

The National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (NCDRC),

  • It is a quasi-judicial commission in India which was set up in 1988 under the Consumer Protection Act of 1986.
  • Its head office is in New Delhi.

State Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (SCDRC):
A state-level court works at the state level with cases where compensation claimed is above 20 lakhs but up to one core.

District Consumer Disputes Redressal Forum (DCDRF):
A district-level court works at the district level with cases where the compensation claimed is up to 20 lakhs.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 2 Market and Consumer Protection

Question 5.
Write about the types of markets and their functions.
Answer:
On the Basis of Geographic Location:

  1. Local Markets: In such a market the buyers and sellers are limited to the local region or area.
  2. Regional Markets: These markets cover a wider are than local markets like a district, or a cluster of few smaller states
  3. National Market: This is when the demand for the goods is limited to one specific country. Or the government may not allow the trade of such goods outside national boundaries.
  4. International Market: When the demand for the product is international and the goods are also traded internationally in bulk quantities, we call it an international market.

On the Basis of Time:

  1. Very Short Period Market: This is when the supply of the goods is fixed, and so it cannot be changed instantaneously. For example the market for flowers, vegetables. Fruits etc.
  2. Short Period Market: The market is slightly longer than the previous one. Here the supply can be slightly adjusted. Example: The demand of fish, milk or egg,
  3. Long Period Market: Here the supply can be changed easily by scaling production. So it can change according to the demand of the market.

On the Basis of Nature of Transaction

  1. Spot Market: This is where spot transactions occur, that is the money is paid immediately. There is no system of credit.
  2. Future Market: This is where the transactions are credit transactions. There is a promise to pay the consideration sometime in the future.

On the Basis of Regulation:

  1. Regulated Market: In such a market there is some oversight by appropriate government authorities. For example, the stock market is a highly regulated market.
  2. Unregulated Market: This is an absolutely free market. There is no oversight or regulation, the market forces decide everything.

On the basis of Nature of competition:

  1. Monopoly: Monopoly refers to a market structure in which there is a single producer or seller that has control over the entire market. This single seller deals in products that have no close substitutes.
  2. Monopolistic Competition: Monopolistic competition refers to a market situation in which there are a large number of buyers and sellers of products.

7th Social Science Guide Market and Consumer Protection Additional Important Questions and Answers

I. Choose the Correct answer:

Question 1.
……………. is where the transactions are credit transactions.
a) Future Market
b) Local Market
c) Regional Market
d) National Market
Answer:
a) Future Market

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 2 Market and Consumer Protection

Question 2.
The term oligopoly has been derived from two …………….. words.
a) Arabic
b) Greek
c) Tamil
d) none
Answer:
b) Greek

Question 3.
The COPRA Consumer Protection Act enacted in ……………… in the Parliament of India to protect the interests of consumers.
a) 1933
b) 1986
c) 1968
d) 1965
Answer:
b) 1986

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 2 Market and Consumer Protection

Question 4.
The COPRA was passed in Assembly in …………….
a) November 1988
b) October 1986
c) October 1968
d) December 1976
Answer:
b) October 1986

Question 5.
Indian Parliament passed the landmark Consumer Protection Bill in ……………..
a) November 1988
b) October 2018
c) October 2019
d) August 2019
Answer:
d) August 2019

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 2 Market and Consumer Protection

II. Fill in the blanks:

1. In …………., the buyers and sellers are limited to the local region or area.
Answer:
Local Markets

2. …………….. covers a wider area than local markets like a district, or a cluster of few smaller states.
Answer:
Regional Markets

3. ………….. is the demand for the goods is limited to one specific country.
Answer:
National Market

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 2 Market and Consumer Protection

4. When the demand for the product is international and the goods are also traded internationally in bulk quantities, is called as ……………..
Answer:
international market

5. There is no system of credit in ………………
Answer:
Spot market

6. ……………….. is a highly regulated market
Answer:
Regulated Market

7. …………….. refers to a market structure.
Answer:
Monopoly

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 2 Market and Consumer Protection

8. TRAI means ……………
Ans:
Telecom Regulatory Authority of India.

9. IRDAI means ……………….
Answer:
Insurance – Regulatory and Development Authority of India

10. The Bureau of Indian Standards Act was passed in …………………..
Answer:
1986

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 2 Market and Consumer Protection

III. Match the following:

A B
1. Local market a) exceeds one crore
2. Spot market b) no credit system
3. Oligopoly c) 2009
4. NCDRC d) perishable goods
5. The Legal Metrology e) Market form

Answer:

A B
1. Local market d) perishable goods
2. Spot market b) no credit system
3. Oligopoly e) Market form
4. NCDRC a) exceeds one crore
5. The Legal Metrology c) 2009

IV. Answer the following questions:

Question 1.
Who is a Consumer?
Answer:
A Consumer is a person who purchases a product or avails a service for a consideration, either for his personal use or to earn his livelihood by means of self-employment.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 2 Market and Consumer Protection

Question 2.
Write the rules of Unfair Trade Practice.
Answer:

  • “Goods once sold will not be taken back”
  • “No exchange”
  • “No refund under any circumstances”

Question 3.
Write down the highlights of the Consumer Protection Act.
Answer:

  • E-Commerce Transactions
  • Enhancement of Pecuniary Jurisdiction
  • E-Filing of complaints
  • Penalties for Misleading Advertisement

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 1 Women Empowerment

Tamilnadu State Board New Syllabus Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Pdf Civics Term 3 Chapter 1 Women Empowerment Text Book Back Questions and Answers, Notes.

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Solutions Civics Term 3 Chapter 1 Women Empowerment

7th Social Science Guide Women Empowerment Text Book Back Questions and Answers

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 1 Women Empowerment

I. Choose the correct answer:

Question 1.
Which of the following is NOT a consequence of gender inequality?
a) Poor maternal health
b) Greater insecurity for men
c) The spread of HIV/AIDS
d) Lower literacy rates for women
Answer:
c) The spread of HIV/AIDS

Question 2.
Gender equality is an issue that is relevant to
a) Girls and women; it’s a women’s issue
b) All societies, women and men alike
c) Third world countries only
d) Developed Countries only
Answer:
b) All societies, women and men alike

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 1 Women Empowerment

Question 3.
Which of the following strategies will help women become more socially and economically empowered?
a) Women working together to challenge discrimination
b) More income sources for women
c) Improved access to education
d) All of the above
Answer:
d) All of the above

Question 4.
Why are girls more likely than boys to miss out on secondary education in the developing world?
a) Because of high school fees, only boys are sent to school
b) Girls are expected to help out at home
c) Child Marriage restricts girls mobility and freedom
d) All of the above
Answer:
d) All of the above

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 1 Women Empowerment

II. Fill in the blanks:

1. Jyotirao Phule is remembered as the champion of women’s education in India. He, along with his wife ………….., opened the first school for girls in 1848.
Answer:
Savitribai Phule

2. ………………… is the First Woman to hold a Union Foreign Minister’s post.
Answer:
Sushma Swaraj

3. ………………… is the first Woman Director General of Police (DGP).
Answer:
Kanchan Chaudhary Bhattacharya

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 1 Women Empowerment

4. …….. is the first Indian Woman to win Booker.
Answer:
Arundhati Roy

III. Match the following:

A B
1. Sirimavo Bandaranaike a) England
2. Valentina Tereshkova b) Japan
3. Junko Tabei c) Sri Lanka
4. Charlotte Cooper d) USSR

Answer:

A B
1. Sirimavo Bandaranaike c) Sri Lanka
2. Valentina Tereshkova d) USSR
3. Junko Tabei b) Japan
4. Charlotte Cooper a) England

IV. Consider the following statements:

Question 1.
Tick the appropriate answer:
Assertion (A): Now women are being integrated at all steps of humanitarian operations.
Reason (R): Women and girls suffer the most from any kind of conflict in society.
a) Both A and R, are true and R is the correct explanation of A
b)Both A and R, are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
c) If A is true but R is false
d)If A is false but R is true
Answer:
a) Both A and R, are true and R is the correct explanation of A

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 1 Women Empowerment

Question 2.
Assertion: Violence against women cuts across caste, class, religion, age, and even education.
Reason: Domestic violence is manifested in the form of foeticide, infanticide, dowry murder, marital cruelty, battering, child abuse, etc.
a) Both A and R, are true and R is the correct explanation of A
b) Both A and R, are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
c) If A is true but R is false
d) If A is false but R is true
Answer:
b) Both A and R, are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 1 Women Empowerment

V. Answer the following questions:

Question 1.
Discuss various roles played by women in Society.
Answer:
The women have the ability to face any kind of challenges in society.
The roles of women are:

  • Daughter,
  • Student,
  • Life partner,
  • Mother,
  • Good employee,
  • Grandmother.

Question 2.
What is gender equality?
Answer:
Gender equality is the state of equal ease of access to resources and opportunities regardless of gender, including economic participation and decision-making; and the state of valuing different behaviors, aspirations, and needs equally, regardless of gender.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 1 Women Empowerment

Question 3.
Explain the woman’s rights.
Answer:

  • Women’s rights are the fundamental human rights that were enshrined by the United Nations for every human being on the planet nearly 70 years ago.
  • These rights include the right to live free from violence, slavery, and discrimination; to be educated; to own property; to vote; to earn a fair and equal wage.

Question 4.
List out the essential factors of woman empowerment.
Answer:
The essential factors for empowerment are:
1. Education:
Education gives one the ability to think wisely and make thoughtful decisions.

2. Gender Discrimination:
A Society which discriminates between the two genders can never be empowered.

3. Discrimination based on caste, creed, religion, etc.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 1 Women Empowerment

Question 5.
Write an essay on the importance of a woman’s education.
Answer:
1. Increased Literacy:
Of the illiterate youth across the globe, nearly 63 percent are female. Offering all children education will prop up literacy rates, pushing forward development in struggling regions.

2. Human Trafficking:
Women are most vulnerable to trafficking when they are undereducated and poor, according to the United Nations Inter-Agency Project on Human Trafficking.

3. Political Representation:
Across the globe, women are underrepresented as voters and restricted from political involvement.

4. Thriving Babies:
According to the United Nations Girls.’ Education Initiative, children of educated mothers are twice as likely to survive past the age of five.

5. Later Marriage:
As suggested by the United Nations Population Fund, in underdeveloped countries, one in every three girls is married before reaching the age of 18.

6. Income Potential:
Education also, increases a woman’s earning capabilities.

7. Prospering GDP:

  • Gross Domestic Product also rises when both girls and boys are being offered educational opportunities.
  • When 10 percent more women attend school, GDP increases by three percent on average.

8. Poverty Reduction:
When women are provided with equal rights and equal access to education, they go on to participate in economic activity.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 1 Women Empowerment

7th Social Science Guide Women Empowerment Additional Important Questions and Answers

I.Choose the Correct answer:

Question 1.
…………….gives one the ability to think wisely and make thoughtful decisions.
a) Education
b) Gender
c) Discrimination
d) none
Answer:
a) Education

Question 2.
More than …………… years ago, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights asserted that
everyone has the “right to education”.
a) 60
b) 40
c) 20
d) 45
Answer:
b) 40

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 1 Women Empowerment

Question 3.
Of the illiterate youth across the globe, nearly ……………… percent are female.
a) 53
b) 63
c) 60
d) 66
Answer:
b)63

Question 4.
As suggested by the United Nations Population Fund, in underdeveloped countries, one
in every three girls is married before reaching the age of …………..
a) 18
b) 28
c) 16
d) 28
Answer:
a) 18

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 1 Women Empowerment

Question 5.
……………..was the first female teacher in the first girl’s school.
a) Savitribai Phule
b) Jyotirao Phule
c) Meira Kumar
d) Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
Answer:
a) Savitribai Phule

Question 6.
Jyotirao Phule along with his wife Savitribai Phule opened the first school for girls in …………….
a) 1848
b) 1826
c) 1866
d) 1836
Answer:
a) 1848

Question 7.
Maharshi Karve starts First Women’s University, ie, SNDT University in Pune with five students in the year ……………….
a) 1966
b) 1926
c) 1916
d) 1936
Answer:
c) 1916

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 1 Women Empowerment

Question 8.
The First Women Prime Minister of India was …………..
a) Indira Gandhi
b) Jyotirao Phule
c) Meira Kumar
d) Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
Answer:
a) Indira Gandhi

Question 9.
The First Women President of UN General Assembly was ……………..
a) Savitribai Phule
b) Jyotirao Phule
c) Meira Kumar
d) Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
Answer:
d) Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 1 Women Empowerment

Question 10.
The First woman Finance Minister of India was …………………………
a) Sushma Swaraj
b) Nirmala Sitharaman
c) Prathpa Patel
d) Indira Gandhi
Answer:
b) Nirmala Sitharaman

II Fill in the blanks:

1. You educate a woman; you educate a ……………..
Answer:
generation

2. ………..is the biological trait that societies use to assign people into the category of either male or female.
Answer:
Sex

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 1 Women Empowerment

3. …………..is the biological trait.
Answer:
Sex

4. Women are most vulnerable to trafficking when they are undereducated and poor, according to the United Nations Inter-Agency Project on ……………….
Answer:
Human Trafficking

5. ……………… are underrepresented as voters.
Answer:
Women

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 1 Women Empowerment

6. UNESCO stands for United Nations ……………… Scientific and Cultural Organisation.
Answer:
Educational

7. Jyotirao Phule along with his wife ……………., opened the first school for girls in 1848.
Answer:
Savitribai Phule

8. ………………..from England is the first women to win the Olympic gold.
Answer:
Charlotte Cooper

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 1 Women Empowerment

9. The First Indian Women to win the Booker Prize is ……………. in 1997.
Answer:
Arundhati Roy

10. The First Women Speaker of LokSabha is ……………. in 2009.
Answer:
Meira Kumar

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Civics Term 3 Chapter 1 Women Empowerment

III. Match the following:

A B
1. Gender a) Sucheta Kripalani
2. First women in Space b) 1848
3. First women Governor c) never be empowered
4. First women School d) Pune
5. First women university e) Valentina Tereshkova

Answer:

A B
1. Gender c) never be empowered
2. First women in Space e) Valentina Tereshkova
3. First women Governor a) Sucheta Kripalani
4. First women School b) 1848
5. First women university d) Pune

IV. Answer the following questions:

Question 1.
What is Sociology?
Answer:
The sociology of gender examines how society influences our understandings and perception of differences between masculinity and femininity.

Question 2.
Write a short note on Savitribai Phule.
Answer:

  • Savitribai Phule as a tradition breaker, the first female teacher at the first girls’ school.
  • Her Husband, Jyotirao Phule is remembered as the champion of women’s education in India.
  • Jyotirao Phule along with his wife Savitribai Phule opened the first school for girls in 1848

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Economics Term 3 Chapter 1 Tax and its Importance

Tamilnadu State Board New Syllabus Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Pdf Economics Term 3 Chapter 1 Tax and its Importance Text Book Back Questions and Answers, Notes.

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Solutions Economics Term 3 Chapter 1 Tax and its Importance

7th Social Science Guide Tax and its Importance Text Book Back Questions and Answers

I. Choose the correct answer:

Question 1.
Taxes are ………………. payment.
a) Voluntary
b) Compulsory
c) a&b
d) None of the above
Answer:
b) Compulsory

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Economics Term 3 Chapter 1 Tax and its Importance

Question 2.
Minimum possible amount should be spent in the collection of taxes is
a) canon of equality
b) canon of certainity
c) canon of economy
d) canon of convenience
Answer: a) canon of equality

Question 3.
This taxation is a very opposite of progressive taxation.
a) degressive
b) proportional
c) regressive
d) none
Answer:
c) regressive

Question 4.
Income tax is a
a) direct tax
b) indirect tax
c) a & b
d) degressive tax
Answer:
a) direct tax

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Economics Term 3 Chapter 1 Tax and its Importance

Question 5.
Which tax is raised on provision of service.
a) wealth
b) corporate
c) wealth
d) service
Answer:
b) Compulsory

II. Fill in the blanks:

1. ………………. is a term for when a taxing authority usually a government levies or imposes a tax.
Answer:
Taxation

2. ………………. is the method, where the rate of tax is the same regardless size of the income.
Answer:
Proportional Taxation

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Economics Term 3 Chapter 1 Tax and its Importance

3. ………………. is paid to the Government by the recipient of the gift depending on the value of the gift.
Answer:
Gift Tax

4. ………………. burden cannot be shifted by taxpayers.
Answer:
Indirect tax

5. Indirect tax is elastic.
Answer:
more

III. Match the following:

A B
1. Principle of taxation a) Direct Tax
2. Estate tax b) Goods and Service Tax
3. Excise Tax c) Adam Smith
4. 01.07.2017 d) Less elastic
5. Direct Tax e) Indirect Tax

Answer:

A B
1. Principle of taxation a) Direct Tax
2. Estate tax b) Goods and Service Tax
3. Excise Tax c) Adam Smith
4. 01.07.2017 d) Less elastic
5. Direct Tax e) Indirect Tax

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Economics Term 3 Chapter 1 Tax and its Importance

IV. Odd one out:

Question 1.
Which one of the following is not an indirect tax?
a) Service tax
b) Value Added Tax(VAT)
c) Estate duty
d) Excise duty
Answer:
c) Estate duty

V. Correct one out:

Question 1.
Which one of the following tax is a direct tax?
a) Service tax
b) Wealth tax
c) Sales tax
d) Progressive tax
Answer:
d) Progressive tax

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Economics Term 3 Chapter 1 Tax and its Importance

VI. Give a short answer:

Question 1.
Define tax.
Answer:
Taxes are compulsory payments to the government without expectations of direct or return or benefit to the taxpayers.

Question 2.
Why taxes are imposed?
Answer:

  • For the welfare of society, the government has to perform various functions so it requires revenue.
  • The main source of revenue is tax.

Question 3.
Write the name of taxation types and draw its diagram.
Answer:
There are three types of Taxation:

  1. Proportional Tax
  2. Progressive Tax
  3. Regressive Tax.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Economics Term 3 Chapter 1 Tax and its Importance

Question 4.
Write any three importance of tax.
Answer:

  1. Health
  2. Education
  3. Governance.

Question 5.
What are the types of tax? and explain it.
Answer:
Taxes are classified into two types. They are:
1. Direct Tax:

  • A Direct tax is paid directly by an individual or organisation to imposing an entity
  • Eg: Income tax, Wealth Tax, etc.

2. Indirect Tax:

  • Indirect Tax is a tax whose burden can be shifted to others.
  • Eg: Service tax, Value added tax, etc.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Economics Term 3 Chapter 1 Tax and its Importance

Question 6.
Write a short note on Gift Tax and Service Tax.
Answer:
Gift Tax:
It is paid to the Government by the recipient of the gift depending on the value of the gift.

Service Tax:

  • It is raised on the provision of Service.
  • This tax is collected from the service recipients and paid to the Central Government.

Question 7.
What is Goods and Service Tax?
Answer:

  • Goods and Services Tax is a kind of tax imposed on the sale, manufacturing, and usage of goods and services.
  • This is applied to achieve overall economic growth.
  • GST is particularly designed to replace indirect taxes.

Question 8.
Write a distinction between direct and indirect tax.
Answer:
Direct Tax:

  1. Burden cannot be shifted by taxpayers.
  2. Tax is imposed on personal income and corporate income.
  3. Direct tax has no inflation pressure.
  4. The impact and incidence are the same in case of direct tax.
  5. Direct tax is less elastic.

Indirect Tax:

  1. Easily be shifted to another person.
  2. Taxes imposed on various goods and services.
  3. This tax has inflation pressure.
  4. The impact and incidence are different in the case of indirect tax.
  5. Indirect tax is more elastic.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Economics Term 3 Chapter 1 Tax and its Importance

VII. Give a brief answer:

Question 1.
Write answer briefly the principles of taxation.
Answer:
Adam Smith’s principles or camions of taxation still form the basis of the tax structure of a modem state.
Adam Smith’s four Canons of Taxation:

  1. Canon of Equality
  2. Canon of Certainty
  3. Canon of Convenience
  4. Canon of Economy.

1. Canon of Equality:

  • The government should impose taxes in such a way that people have to pay according to their ability.
  • It does not mean an equal amount of tax but it means that the burden of a tax must be fair and just.

2. Canon of Certainty:
Certainty creates confidence in the taxpayer’s cost of collection of taxes and increases economic welfare because it tends to avoid all economic waste.

3. Canon of Convenience:

  • Taxes should be levied and collected in such a manner that it provides maximum convenience to the taxpayers.
  • It should always be kept in view that the taxpayers suffer the least inconvenience in payment of the tax.

4. Canon of Economy:

  • Minimum possible money should be spent in the collection of taxes.
  • The collected amount should be deposited in the Government treasury.

Question 2.
Explain the taxation types.
Answer:
There are three types of Taxation:
Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Economics Term 3 Chapter 1 Tax and its Importance 1

  1. Proportional Tax
  2. Progressive Tax
  3. Regressive Tax

Proportional Taxation:

  • The rate of tax is the same regardless of the size of the income.
  • The tax amount realized will vary in the same proportion as that of income.

Progressive Taxation:
The rate of tax will also increase with the increase of income of the person.

Regressive tax;

  • A regressive tax is a tax applied uniformly, taking a larger percentage of income from low-income earners than from high-income earners.
  • It is in opposition to a progressive tax.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Economics Term 3 Chapter 1 Tax and its Importance

Question 3.
Explain the importance of tax.
Answer:
Importance of Tax: Taxes are crucial because governments collect this money and use it to finance the following social projects.
Health:

  1. Without taxes, government contributions to the health sector would be impossible.
  2. Taxes go to funding health services such as social healthcare, medical research, social security, etc.

Education:

  1. Education could be one of the most deserving recipients of tax money.
  2. Governments put a lot of importance in the development of human capital and education is central in this development.

Governance:

  1. Governance is a crucial component in the smooth running of country affairs.
  2. Poor governance would have far-reaching ramifications on the entire country with a heavy toll on its economic growth.
  3. Good governance ensures that the money collected is utilized in a manner that benefits citizens of the country.

Other important sectors are infrastructure development, transport, housing, etc.

  1. Apart from social projects, governments also use money collected from taxes to fund sectors that are crucial for the wellbeing of their citizens such as security, scientific research, environmental protection, etc.
  2. Some of the money is also channeled to fund projects such as pensions, unemployment benefits, childcare, etc,

Question 4.
Explain the direct and indirect tax with examples.
Answer:
Taxes are classified into two types. They are:

1. Direct Tax:

  • A Direct tax is paid directly by an individual or organisation to an imposing entity.
  • Eg: Incometax, WealthTax,etc.

2. Indirect Tax:

  • IndirectTaxisataxwhoseburdencanbeshiftedtoothers. LSIOTT
  • Eg: Servicetax,Valueaddedtax,etc.

Direct Tax:

Gift Tax:
It is paid to the Government by the recipient of the gift depending on the value of the gift.

Estate Duty:

  • It is charged from success or of inherited property.
  • It is not desirable to avoid payment of taxes

WealthTax:
It is imposed on the property of individuals depending upon the value of the property.

Indirect Tax :

Service Tax:

  • It is raised on the provision of Service.
  • This tax is collected from the service recipients and paid to the Central Government.

Sales TaxorVAT:
It is an indirect tax on the sale of goods because the liability to collect tax is that of the shopkeeper but the burden of that tax falls on the customer.

Goods and Services Tax(GST):

  • Goods and Services Tax is a kind of tax imposed on the sale, manufacturing, and usage of goods and services.
  • This is applied to achieve overall economic growth.
  • GST is particularly designed to replace indirect taxes.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Economics Term 3 Chapter 1 Tax and its Importance

Question 5.
Why the need for a tax on people’s welfare? And explain it.
Answer:

  • The levying of taxes aims to raise revenue to fund governing or to alter prices in order
    to affect demand.
  • Some of these include expenditures on economic infrastructure like transportation, sanitation, public safety, education, health-care systems, etc., military, scientific research, culture, and the arts, public works, public insurance, etc., and the operation of government itself.
  • When expenditures exceed tax revenue, a government accumulates debt. A portion of taxes may be used to service past debts.
  • Governments also use taxes to fund welfare and public services. These services can include education systems, pensions for the elderly, unemployment benefits, and public transportation.
  • Energy, water, and waste management systems are also common public utilities.
  • The purpose of taxation is to maintain the stability of the currency, express public policy regarding the distribution of wealth, subsidizing certain industries or population groups, or isolating the costs of certain benefits, such as highways or social security.

7th Social Science Guide Tax and its Importance Additional Important Questions and Answers

I. Choose the Correct answer:

Question 1.
According to Prof. Seligman, taxes are defined as a compulsory contribution from a person to the government to defray the expenses incurred in the common interest of ail without reference to special benefits conferred.
a) Chamberlin
b) Seligman
c) Adam smith
d) Marshal
Answer:
b) Seligman

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Economics Term 3 Chapter 1 Tax and its Importance

Question 2.
A regressive tax is a tax applied uniformly, taking a larger percentage of income from low-income earners than from high-income earners.
a) Progressive tax
b) Regressive tax
c) Proportional tax
d) Health
Answer:
b) Regressive tax

Question 3.
Without taxes, governments would be unable to meet the demands of their societies.
a) societies
b) Revenue
c) Economic
d) Expenditure types
Answer:
a) societies

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Economics Term 3 Chapter 1 Tax and its Importance

Question 4.
Wealth tax is imposed on the property of individuals depending upon the value of the property.
a) Company
b) Gift
c) Wealth tax
d) Direct tax
Answer:
c) Wealth tax

Question 5.
The gift tax is paid to the Government by the recipient of the gift depending on the value of the gift.
a) Gift tax
b) Indirect tax
c) Direct tax
d) Service
Answer:
a) Gift tax

Question 6.
Goods and service tax is applied on services and goods at a national level with the purpose of achieving overall economic growth.
a) State
b) National
c) Rounding off
d) Town
Answer:
b) National

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Economics Term 3 Chapter 1 Tax and its Importance

Question 7.
Excise tax in India is levied by the Central Government.
a) Service tax
b) VAT
c) Excise tax
d) direct tax
Answer:
b) VAT

II. Fill in the blanks:

1. …………………..is the government should impose taxes in such a way that people have to pay according to
their ability.
Answer:
Canon of Equality

2. …………………. is the taxes should be levied and collected in such a manner that it provides a maximum of convenience to the taxpayers.
Answer:
Canon of Convenience

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Economics Term 3 Chapter 1 Tax and its Importance

3. …………………. is the minimum possible money should be spent in the collection of taxes.
Answer:
Canon of Economy

4. …………………. could be one of the most deserving recipients of tax money.
Answer:
Education

5. A …………….is paid directly by an individual or organisation to imposing entity.
Answer:
Direct tax

6. The central Board of Revenue act implemented in the year.
Answer:
1963

7. The tax is levied on the profit of corporations and companies is
Answer:
Corporation Tax

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Economics Term 3 Chapter 1 Tax and its Importance

8. ………………… is a liability to collect tax is that of shopkeeper but the burden of that tax falls on the customer.
Answer:
VAT

9. ………………… is a kind of tax imposed on the sale, manufacturing, and usage of goods and services.
Answer:
Goods and Services Tax

10. A government’s ability to raise taxes is called its ………………….
Answer:
fiscal capacity

III. Match the following

A B
1. Adam smith a) Payment using aadhar
2. Progressive tax b) 1963
3. Digital India c) 2005
4. Central Board of Revenue Act d) Canon of Taxation
5. VAT e) increase the income

Answer:

A B
1. Adam smith d) Canon of Taxation
2. Progressive tax e) increase the income
3. Digital India a) Payment using aadhar
4. Central Board of Revenue Act b) 1963
5. VAT c) 2005

IV. Odd one out:

Question 1.
a) Service Tax – Swachh Bharat cess
b) Road Development – Toll-Tax Road Tax
c) Indirect Tax – More elastic.
Answer:
a) Service Tax – Swachh Bharat cess

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Economics Term 3 Chapter 1 Tax and its Importance

V. Give a short answer:

Question 1.
What was the Kalidas said about taxes?
Answer:
“It was only for the good of his subjects that he collected taxes from them, just as the Sun draws moisture from the Earth to give it back a thousandfold”.

Question 2.
What are Adam Smith’s four Canons of Taxation?
Answer:
Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Economics Term 3 Chapter 1 Tax and its Importance 2

  • Canon of Equality
  • Canon of Certainty
  • Canon of Convenience
  • Canon of Economy.

Question 3.
Mention some of the Wealth Taxes.
Answer:

  • Home
  • Motor Car
  • Jewellery
  • Cash
  • Urban Land
  • Yachats, Boats, Aircraft.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Economics Term 3 Chapter 1 Tax and its Importance

V. Detail

Question 1.
Explain the following
a) Toll Tax and & Road Tax
b) Swachh Bharat Cess
Answer:
a) Toll Tax and & Road Tax:
Toll tax is a tax you often pay to use any form of infrastructure developed by the government, for example, roads and bridges. The tax amount levied is rather negligible which is used for maintenance and basic upkeep of a particular project.

b) Swahh Bharat Cess:
This is a cess imposed by the government of India and was started on 15 November 2015. This tax is applicable on all taxable services arid the cess currently stands at 0.5%. Swachh Bharat cess is levied over and above the 14% service tax that is prevalent in the present times.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 3 Natural Hazards – Understanding of Disaster Management in Practice

Tamilnadu State Board New Syllabus Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Pdf Geography Term 3 Chapter 3 Natural Hazards – Understanding of Disaster Management in Practice Text Book Back Questions and Answers, Notes.

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Solutions Geography Term 3 Chapter 3 Natural Hazards – Understanding of Disaster Management in Practice

7th Social Science Guide Natural Hazards – Understanding of Disaster Management in Practice Text Book Back Questions and Answers

I. Choose the correct answer:

Question 1.
………………………. is a event which causes enormous physical damage to property, loss of life and change in the environment.
a) Hazard
b) Disaster
c) Recovery
d) mitigation
Answer:
b) Disaster

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 3 Natural Hazards – Understanding of Disaster Management in Practice

Question 2.
Activities that reduce the effects of disaster
a) Preparation
b) Response
c) Mitigation
d) Recovery
Answer:
c) Mitigation

Question 3.
A sudden movement (or) trembling of the earth’s crust is called as ……………….
a) Tsunami
b) Earthquake
c) Fire
d) Cyclone
Answer:
b) Earthquake

Question 4.
A sudden overflow of water in a large amount caused due to heavy rainfall is called ……………………….
a) Flood
b) Cyclone
c) Drought
d) Seasons
Answer:
b) Cyclone

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 3 Natural Hazards – Understanding of Disaster Management in Practice

Question 5.
Road accidents can be avoided by permitting the persons who have ………………………. is allowed to drive vehicle.
a) Ration card
b) License
c) permission
d) Documents
Answer:
b) License

II. Fill in the blanks:

1. A hazard is a ……………….. event that can causes harm or damage to human and their property.
Answer:
disaster

2. Activities taken during a disaster is called …………………
Answer:
Response

3. Displacement of water can produce one or more huge destructive waves known as
Answer:
Tsunami

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 3 Natural Hazards – Understanding of Disaster Management in Practice

4. In case of fire accidents call the nearby police station or the no ……………….. for the fire service.
Answer:
101

5. Disaster management refers to ……………….. of lives and property during a natural or manmade disaster.
Answer:
conservation

III. Match the following:

A B
1. Earthquake a) Gigantic waves
2. Cyclone b) Creak / Fault
3. Tsunami c) Uneven rainfall
4. Industrial accident d) Eye of the storm
5. Drought e) Carelessness

Answer:

A B
1. Earthquake b) Creak / Fault
2. Cyclone d) Eye of the storm
3. Tsunami a) Gigantic waves
4. Industrial accident e) Carelessness
5. Drought c) Uneven rainfall

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 3 Natural Hazards – Understanding of Disaster Management in Practice

IV. Consider the following statement and tick the appropriate answer:

Question 1.
Assertion (A) : In the modem world we can’t live happing everyday.
Reason (R) : Due to pollution and environmental degradation we are undergoing natural hazard and Disaster
a) A and R are correct and A explains R
b) A and R are correct but A does not explain R
c) A is in correct bt R is correct
d) Both A and R are in correct
Answer:
a) A and R are correct and A explains R

Question 2.
Assertion (A) : Sudden movement (or) trembling of the earth’s crust is called an Earthquake.
Reason (R) : Movement of the tectonic plates, mass wasting, surface fault all leads to earthquake.
a) A and R are correct and A explains R
b) A and R are correct but A does not explain R
c) A is in correct but R is correct
d) Both A and R are in correct
Answer:
a) A and R are correct and A explains R

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 3 Natural Hazards – Understanding of Disaster Management in Practice

V. Answer the following briefly:

Question 1.
Define Hazard.
Answer:
Generally, a hazard is a dangerous phenomenon, substance, human activity, or condition that may cause loss of life, injury, health impacts, property damage, loss of livelihoods, services, social and economic disruption or environmental damage.

Question 2.
What is a disaster?
Answer:
A disaster can be generally defined as “A serious disruption in the society causing widespread material, economic, social or environmental losses.

Question 3.
What are the 4 concepts of the Disaster management cycle?
Answer:

  1. Prevention
  2. Mitigation
  3. Preparedness
  4. Response
  5. Recovery
  6. Rehabilitation

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 3 Natural Hazards – Understanding of Disaster Management in Practice

Question 4.
Name any two agency which involves in the warring system in Tamil Nadu.
Answer:

  • Tamil Nadu State Disaster Response Force (SDRF) has been constituted with a strength of 80 Police Personnel.
  • They have been trained in disaster management and rescue operations in consultation with the National Disaster Response Force(NDRF).

Question 5.
Write about any three effects of the flood.
Answer:

  • Loss of life and property
  • Displacement of people
  • Spread of contagious diseases such as Cholera and Malaria etc.

Question 6.
Give any four Rail safety tips.
Answer:
Rail Safety Tips:

  • Stay alert. Train scans come from either direction at any time.
  • Never sit on the edge of the Station Platform.
  • Cross the tracks safely.

Question 7.
Name any four different industry which goes under industrial disaster frequently.
Answer:

  • Nuclear industries
  • Chemical industries
  • Match and crackers factory
  • Cotton and Paper industry.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 3 Natural Hazards – Understanding of Disaster Management in Practice

VI. Distinguish between:

Question 1.
Earthquake and Tsunami.
Answer:
Earthquake

  1. A sudden movement (or) trembling of the earth’s crust.
  2. The movement of the tectonic plates, mass wasting, landslides, surface fault,etc., causes earth quake.

Tsunami

  1. When an earthquake jolts the ocean floor, the sudden dislocation of the sea bed occurs and the resulting displacement of water can produce one or more huge, destructive waves.
  2. These waves rise to several meters and may reach the coast within a few minutes.

Question 2.
Flood and cyclone.
Answer:
Flood :

  1. Heavy rainfall, cyclone, melting of snow, Tsunami or a dam burst.
  2. A large amount of water is burst out.
  3. Displacement of people, Spread of contagious diseases such as Cholera and Malaria, etc.

Cyclone :

  1. Heavy rainfall, cyclone, melting of snow, Tsunami or a dam burst.
  2. When it reaches land and destroys buildings and kills people, it can be described as a disaster.
  3. Disrupts transportation, power communication.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 3 Natural Hazards – Understanding of Disaster Management in Practice

Question 3.
Hazard and disaster.
Answer:
Hazard:

  1. A hazard is a dangerous phenomenon.
  2. Human activity or condition that may cause loss of life.
  3. Eg: Injury, health impacts, property damage, loss of livelihoods, services.

Disaster

  1. Disaster occurs naturally.
  2. A serious disruption in society.
  3. Eg: economic, social, or environmental losses.

VII. Answer the following questions in detail:

Question 1.
Write about the disaster management cycle.
Answer:
The six disaster management phases that have been used in the concept of disaster cycle are as follows;
Pre-Disaster phase:
Prevention and Mitigation:

  1. The term prevention is often used to embrace the wide diversity of measures to protect persons and property.
  2. Mitigation embraces all measures taken to reduce both the effects of the hazard itself and the vulnerable conditions to it in order to reduce the scale of a future disaster.
  3. Therefore, mitigation may incorporate addressing issues such as land ownership, tenancy rights, wealth distribution, implementation of earthquake-resistant building codes, etc.

Preparedness:

  1. The process includes various measures that enable governments, communities and individuals to respond rapidly to disaster situations to cope with them effectively.
  2. Preparedness includes for example, the formulation of viable emergency plans, the development of warning systems, the maintenance of inventories, public awareness and education and the training of personnel.

Early Warning:

  1. This is the process of monitoring the situation in communities or areas known to be vulnerable to slow onset hazards, and passing the knowledge of the pending hazard to people harmless way.
  2. To be effective, warnings must be related to mass education and training of the population who know what actions they must take when warned.

The Disaster Impact:

  1. This refers to the “real-time event of a hazard occurrence and affecting elements at risk.
  2. The duration of the event will depend on the type of threat; ground shaking may only occur in a matter of seconds during an earthquake while flooding may take place over a longer sustained period.

During Disaster Phase:

Response: This refers to the first stage of response to any calamity, which includes examples such as setting up control rooms, putting the contingency plan in action, issue warning, action for evacuation, taking people to safer areas, rendering medical aid to the needy, etc., simultaneously rendering relief to the homeless, food, drinking water, clothing, etc. to the needy, restoration of communication, disbursement of assistance in cash or kind.

The Post- Disaster Phase:

Recovery: Recovery is used to describe the activities that encompass the three overlapping phases of emergency relief, rehabilitation, and reconstruction.

Rehabilitation: Rehabilitation includes the provision of temporary public utilities and housing as interim measures to assist long-term recovery.

Reconstruction: Reconstruction attempts to return communities with improved pre-disaster functioning. It includes the replacement of buildings; infrastructure and lifeline facilities so that long-term development prospects are enhanced rather than reproducing the same conditions, which made an area or population vulnerable in the first place.

Development: In an evolving economy, the development process is an ongoing activity. Long-term prevention/disaster reduction measures. For example like the construction of embankments against flooding, irrigation facilities as drought-proofing measures, increasing plant cover to reduce the occurrences of landslides, etc.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 3 Natural Hazards – Understanding of Disaster Management in Practice

Question 2.
Write about the flood, its effects, and the mitigation
Answer:
Flood: Sudden overflow of water in a large amount caused due to heavy rainfall, cyclone, melting of snow, Tsunami or a dam burst.
Effects:

  1. Loss of life and property
  2. Displacement of people and
  3. Spread of contagious diseases such as cholera and Malaria etc.,

Mitigation for a flood:
They include flood walls/sea walls, flood gates, levees, and evacuation routes. Nonstructural measures reduce damage by removing people and property out of risk areas. They induce elevated structures, property buyouts, permanent relocation, zoning, subdivision and building codes.

Question 3.
Write about any five general survival techniques.
Answer:
General Survival Techniques:

  1. During the earthquake be under the table, chair, kneel to the floor and protect yourself. Go near a sturdy wall, sit on the floor and hold the floor strongly and protect yourself. Use only torch lights,
  2. During flood forecast, store up necessary things like first aid etc. Listen to the local Radio/TV for instructions. Cut off all the electrical supplies during flood and earthquake,
  3. In case of fire accidents call fire service (No. 101)
  4. If clothes are on fire, “Don’t Run; Stop, Drop and Roll,”
  5. Stay alert. Trains can come from either direction at any time,
  6. Never sit on the edge of the Station Platform,
  7. Cross the tracks safely.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 3 Natural Hazards – Understanding of Disaster Management in Practice

Question 4.
Write about the earthquake, its effects, and mitigation steps.
Answer:
Earthquake:
A sudden movement (or) trembling of the earth’s crust is called an earthquake. The movement of the tectonic plates, mass wasting, landslides, surface fault, etc., causes earthquakes.
Effects:
Due to a strong earthquake, loss of lives, buildings, roads, bridges, and dams are damaged. Earthquakes cause floods, tsunamis, landslides, fires, breakdown of water supply, and electrical lines. It may change the course of a river too.
Mitigation steps:

  1. Construct an Earthquake resistant building.
  2. Seek shelter under stable tables.
  3. Move to open areas.
  4. Secure your belonging.
  5. Put latches on cabinet doors and file cabinets.
  6. Store hazardous materials in a sturdy place.
  7. Keep fire extinguishers.

VIII. HOTS:

Question 1.
Why should we know about the natural disaster?
Answer:

  • To prevent loss of life.
  • To Protect our belongings.
  • To create awareness among youngsters.
  • To be prepared with emergency phone nos.
  • To be stocked with food, water medicine.
  • For children and old age people.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 3 Natural Hazards – Understanding of Disaster Management in Practice

Question 2.
Name four places in India which undergo landslide.
Answer:

  • Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Maharastra (Western ghats and Konkan hills)
  • North Eastern Himalayas – (Darjeeling, and Sikkim)
  • North West Himalayas – (Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh)
  • Jammu and Kashmir.

7th Social Science Guide Natural Hazards – Understanding of Disaster Management in Practice Additional Important Questions and Answers

I. Choose the Correct answer.

Question 1.
On 2nd to 3rd May ………………….. high-velocity dust storms swept across the parts of North India and more than 125 people died and over 200 were injured.
a) 2019
b) 2018
c) 2016
d) 2017
Answer:
b) 2018

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 3 Natural Hazards – Understanding of Disaster Management in Practice

Question 2.
After …………………..  tsunami, cyclone Gaja is the worst natural disaster to hit Tamilnadu.
a) 2004
b) 2005
c) 2006
d) 2007
Answer:
a) 2004

Question 3.
The word “Tsunami” is derived from the …………………..  word.
a) Italy
b) Germany
c) Korea
d) Japanese
Answer:
d) Japanese

Question 4.
A low-pressure area that is encircled by high-pressure wind is called a …………………..
a) Hurricane
b) Cyclone
c) Flood
d) Tsunami
Answer:
b) Cyclone

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 3 Natural Hazards – Understanding of Disaster Management in Practice

Question 5.
In the early hours of November 10, 2018………………….. cyclone had been spread around 120(Kmph).
a) Suthrina
b) vartha
c) Gaja
d) Verdan
Answer:
c) Gaja

Question 6.
…………………..  is used to describe the activities that encompass the three overlapping phases of emergency relief, rehabilitation, and reconstruction.
a) Recovery
b) Reconstruction
c) Rehabilitation
d) Development
Answer:
a) Recovery

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 3 Natural Hazards – Understanding of Disaster Management in Practice

Question 7.
…………………..  attempts to return communities with improved predisaster functioning.
a) Recovery
b) Reconstruction
c) Rehabilitation
d) Development
Answer:
b) Reconstruction

Question 8.
State Disaster Management plan – The perspective plan – …………………..  prepared by the Revenue and Disaster Management Department.
a) 2018-2030
b) 2010-2030
c) 2020-2030
d) 2030-2040
Answer:
a) 2018 – 2030

Question 9.
During the earthquake be under the ………………….., kneel to the floor and protect yourself.
a) table
b) below the wall
e) below the steps
d) near the mirror
Answer:
a) table

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 3 Natural Hazards – Understanding of Disaster Management in Practice

Question 10.
In case of fire accidents dial ………………….. for fire service.
a) 102
b) 103
c) 101
d) 100
Answer:
c) 101

II. Fill in the blanks:

1. Generally, a hazard is a …………………..
Answer:
dangerous phenomenon

2. A ………………….. (or) trembling of the earth crust is called as earthquake.
Answer:
sudden movement

3. Due to a strong earthquake, loss of lives, buildings, roads, bridges, and dams are damaged are called …………………..
Answer:
Hazards

4. ………………….. is a natural hazard. It develops at sea.
Answer:
Hurricane

5. ………………….. means harbor waves.
Answer:
Tsunami

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 3 Natural Hazards – Understanding of Disaster Management in Practice

6. The term………….. is a sudden rush of a crowd of people.
Answer:
stampede

7. …………………..  is a disaster.
Answer:
Fire

8. ………………….. refers to the “real-time event of a hazard occurrence and affecting elements at risk.
Answer:
Disaster Impact

9. ………………….. embraces all measures taken to reduce both the effects of the hazard itself and the vulnerable conditions.
Answer:
Mitigation

10. If any ………………….. occur dial, 101 for Fire service and 108 for the Ambulance.
Answer:
emergency medical help

III. Match the following:

A B
1. Man-made disaster a) NDMA
2. Industrial disaster b) SDRF
3. CSIR c) Warfare
4. National Disaster Management Authority d) Bhopal gas leakage
5. Tamilnadu State Disaster Response Force e) Laboratories

Answer:

A B
1. Man-made disaster c) Warfare
2. Industrial disaster d) Bhopal gas leakage
3. CSIR e) Laboratories
4. National Disaster Management Authority a) NDMA
5. Tamilnadu State Disaster Response Force b) SDRF

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 3 Natural Hazards – Understanding of Disaster Management in Practice

IV. Answer the following briefly:

Question 1.
Write down the examples of Natural disasters.
Answer:
Earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions Landslides , Windstorms, Floods, and Epidemics.

Question 2.
What is the post-disaster phase in Disaster?
Answer:

  • Response
  • Recovery
  • Rehabilitation

Question 3.
What is Preparedness?
Answer:
The process includes various measures that enable governments, communities, and individuals to respond rapidly to disaster situations to cope with them effectively.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 3 Natural Hazards – Understanding of Disaster Management in Practice

V. Answer the following questions in detail:

Question 1.
Explain the general survival techniques while happening disasters.
Answer:

  • During the earthquake be under the table.
  • Hold the floor strongly.
  • During flood forecast, store up necessary things like first aid.
  • In case of fire accidents dial 101 for fire service.
  • Road accidents can be avoided by following Road safety rules.
  • Read the safety briefing card available in the seat pocket carefully.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading

Tamilnadu State Board New Syllabus Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Pdf Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading Text Book Back Questions and Answers, Notes.

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Solutions Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading

7th Social Science Guide Map Reading Text Book Back Questions and Answers

I. Choose the correct answer:

Question 1.
The science of map making is called …………………..
a) Geography
b) Cartography
c) Physiography
d) Physical Geography
Answer:
b) Cartography

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading

Question 2.
North, South, East and West are four directions are called as
a) Cardinal
b) Geographical
c) Latitudinal
d) Angels
Answer:
a) Cardinal

Question 3.
Cultural maps are those which shows the ………………….. features.
a) Natural
b) Man – made
c) Artificial
d) Environmental
Answer:
b) Man – made

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading

II. Fill in the blanks:

1. ………………….. is an essential tool of a geographer.
Answer:
Map

2. The directions in between the cardinal directions are the inter mediate …………………..
Answer:
directions

3. …………………..in a map which explains the different colours and symbols used in it.
Answer:
Legand

4. Cadastral maps are known as …………………..
Answer:
Village and Town Maps

5. Small scale maps are helpful to us to show large areas like ………………….. and …………………..
Answer:
Continents, Countries

III. Circle the odd one:

1. North East, Scale, North West and East.
2. White, Snow, High land, and Plains.
3. Relief map, Soil map, Physical map and Atlas.
4. Weather Forecasting, Climate, Rainfall and Temperature.
Answer:
Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading 1

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading

IV. Match the following:

A B
1. Upper right comer a) Density and growth
2. Key (or) legend b) District (or) town
3. Large Scale map c) Natural relief features
4. Physical map d) Colours and Symbols
5, Population map e) ‘N’ letter

Answer:

A B
1. Upper right comer e) ‘N’ letter
2. Key (or) legend d) Colours and Symbols
3. Large Scale map b) District (or) town
4. Physical map c) Natural relief features
5, Population map a) Density and growth

V. Examine the Following Statements:

Question 1.
1. An Atlas is a bound volume of different types of maps
2. Atlas maps are drawn on smaller scale
3. Insignificant details are omitted
a) 1 and 3 are correct
b) 2 and 3 are correct
c) 1 and 2 are correct
d) 1, 2 and 3 are correct
Answer:
d) 1, 2 and 3 are correct

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading

Question 2.
Statement I : Globe is a three dimensional model of the Earth.
Statement II : It is easy to handle and to carry. As it can be rolled up or folded.
a) Statement I is correct and II is wrong.
b) Statement I is wrong and II is correct
c) Both the statements are correct.
d) Both the statements are wrong.
Answer:
a) Statement I is correct and II is wrong.

VI. Name the following:

1. Representing the earth on a flat surface.
Answer:
Map

2. Ratio between the distance on a map and distance on the ground.
Answer:
Scale

3. Symbols which help to show road ways and railways.
Answer:
Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading 2

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading

4. A book which contains different kinds of maps.
Answer:
Atlas

5. A map which shows administration divisions.
Answer:
Political map

VII. Answer the following:

Question 1.
What is a map?
Answer:

  1. Map is a representation of the earth as a whole or a part of the earth drawn on a flat surface according to a given scale.
  2. It can show continents, countries, cities and even a local area are drawn with specific details.

Question 2.
What is cartography?
Answer:
The science of map-making is called cartography (carte means map and graphic means drawing’). One who draws maps is called a Cartographer.

Question 3.
What are the cardinal directions?
Answer:
East and West, North and South.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading

Question 4.
What is an Atlas?
Answer:

  • Atlas is a collection of maps in a book.
  • Atlas maps are small-scale maps covering large areas like continents and countries.
  • Only prominent relief features, main roads and railways important towns are shown in Atlas maps.
  • The study of geographic characteristics of a large area is possible at the time with the help of an atlas.

Question 5.
Name the types of Atlas.
Answer:

  1. School Atlas
  2. Advanced Atlas
  3. Regional Atlas
  4. National Atlas.

Question 6.
What are the uses of maps?
Answer:

  • Maps enable us to know the details of the landforms.
  • Maps help the military personnel to campaigns.
  • It is used in airplanes and ships.
  • Maps are used for weather forecasting.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading

VIII. Answer in Detail:

Question 1.
What are the elements of maps? Write about it?
Answer:
The basic essential elements of a map are title, direction, scale and legend (or) key and signs and symbols.
Title:

  • Every map has a title that describes the information given in the map.
  • For example: India River.

Direction:

  • In general maps are drawn with North orientation.
  • It helps us to find other direction on the map like East, West and South.

Scale:

  • The scale of a map is the ratio between the distance on the map between two points and actual distance between the two places on the ground.
  • For example: 1 cm = 10km.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading

Question 2.
What are the three ways of representation of maps?
Answer:

  • A map is an essential tool for a geographer.
  • The map is a representation of the earth as a whole or a part of the earth drawn on a flat surface according to a given scale.
  • It can show continents, countries, cities, and even a local area are drawn with specific details.
  • It is easy to handle and carry as it can be rolled up (or) folded and stored in computers.

Question 3.
Classify the maps based on functions.
Answer:
The maps based on functions are:

  • Relief, geology, soils, drainage, elements weather, and vegetation.
  • Relief maps
  • Geological maps
  • Climatic maps
  • Soil maps
  • Cultural maps
  • Political maps
  • Population maps
  • Economic maps
  • Transportation maps
  • Thematic maps

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading

Question 4.
Write about the comparison of map and Globe.
Answer:
Map

  1. A map is a two – dimensional form of the Earth.
  2. A map shows a small or a large area.
  3. A map can show detailed information about the area.
  4. A map is very easy to carry.

Globe

  1. A globe is three – dimensional model of the Earth.
  2. A globe is a true model of the earth.
  3. A globe cannot show detailed information for an area.
  4. A globe is not easy to carry.

Question 5.
Describe the types of maps based on the scale? Write about it?
Answer:

  • Based on Scale maps are two types.
  • Large scale maps
  • Short scale maps

Large scale maps:

  • It shows small areas in greater detail because they are drawn on a relatively large scale.
  • Cadastral maps are village and town maps.
  • Topographical maps show smaller areas in much greater detail about the small areas.

Small scale maps:

  • It shows large areas like continents or countries.
  • These maps are drawn on 1 cm = 1000 km. These are called small-scale maps.
  • Wall maps are small-scale maps showing large areas.
  • Atlas is a collection of maps in a book. Atlas maps are small-scale maps covering large areas like continents and countries.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading

IX. HOTs:

Question 1.
Map is an essential tool for a traveler why?
Answer:
Map is an essential tool for a traveller, It helps a traveller to find out direction. It also tells about the latitudinal and longitudinal extent of a place. It helps one to locate a place easily and follow the correct travelling route.

X. Activity:

Question 2.
Draw the convectional signs and symbols to given points
a) Bridge
b) Canal
c) Dam
d) Temple
e) Forest
f) Railway Station
Answer:
Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading 3

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading

7th Social Science Guide Map Reading Additional Important Questions and Answers

I. Choose the Correct answer:

Question 1.
………………….. portraits political boundaries of different countries and states.
a) Religion atlas
b) Soil maps
c) National atlas
d) Maps
Answer:
d) Maps

Question 2.
The map-maker is called…………………..
a) Photographer
b) Cartographer
c) Pictograph
d) Sonographer
Answer:
b) Cartographer

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading

Question 3.
………………….. contains detailed maps of a country.
a) Religion atlas
b) Soil maps
c) National atlas
d) Climatic maps
Answer:
c) National atlas

Question 4.
………………….. are drawn to show geological structures, rocks, and minerals.
a) Relief maps
b) Soil maps
c) Geographical maps
d) Thematic maps
Answer:
c) Geographical maps

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading

Question 5.
In general, maps are drawn with………………….. orientation
a) North
b) South
c) East
d) West
Answer:
a) North

Question 6.
The features of White colour in Map is …………………..
a) Snow
b) Cloud
c) Rain
d) Water
Answer:
a) Snow

Question 7.
The features of ………………….. colour in Map is Waterbodies.
a) Blue
b) Green
c) White
d) Yellow
Answer:
a) Blue

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading

Question 8.
The features of ………………….. colour in Map is Railway line
a) Black
b) Red
c) Blue
d) Green
Answer:
a) Black

Question 9.
A ………………….. is a widely used symbol or a line pattern or a colour on a map.
a) Volcanoes
b) Forts
c) Sign
d) lakes
Answer:
c) Sign

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading

Question 10.
Maps help the ………………….. personnel to campaigns.
a) Military
b) Government
c) Disasters
d) Schools
Answer:
a) Military

II. Fill in the blanks:

1. A ……………………. is an essential tool of a geographer.
Answer:
Map

2. ………………….. show small areas in greater details because they are drawn on a relatively large scale.
Answer:
Large scale maps

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading

3. …………………..are village and town maps.
Answer:
Cadastral maps

4. ………………….. shows smaller areas in much greater details about a small area.
Answer:
Topographical maps

5. …………………. that show large areas like continent or countries.
Answer:
Small scale maps

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading

6. ………………….. are small-scale maps showing large areas.
Answer:
Wall maps

7. …………………..is a collection of maps in a book.
Answer:
Atlas

8. ………………….. is a web-based service that provides detailed information about geographical regions and sites around the world.
Answer:
Digital Maps

9. map 1 cm is equal to …………………… km on the grand.
Answer:
10 Km

10. The features of ………………….. colour in Map is agriculture.
Answer:
Yellow

11. The features of ………………….. colour in Map is Forest.
Answer:
Green

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading

12. The features of ………………….. colour in Map is Mountain, Hill, and Contour.
Answer:
Brown

13. The features of ………………….. colour in Map is Settlements, Road.
Answer:
Red

14. On the map police station is denoted by the symbol …………………..
Answer:
Ps

15. Maps are used for …………………..
Answer:
weather forecasting

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading

III. Match the following:

A B
1. Maps a) Detailed information sites
2. Early times material b) Snow
3. Red c) papyrus
4. White d) Cartography
5. Digital maps e) Settlements roads

Answer:

A B
1. Maps d) Cartography
2. Early times material c) papyrus
3. Red e) Settlements roads
4. White b) Snow
5. Digital maps a) Detailed information sites

IV. Examine the Following Statements:

Question 1.
Statement – 1: In general Maps are drawn with North orientation.
Statement – 2: The North is Notified by the letter ‘S’ with an arrow mark.
a) Statement I is correct and II is wrong.
b) Statement I is wrong and II is correct
c) Both the statements are correct.
d) Both the statements are wrong.
Answer:
a) Statement I is correct and II is wrong

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading

V. Answer the following:

Question 1.
How Maps are drawn in early times?
Answer:
In the early times, various materials such as animal skin, cloth, parchment, papyrus, wet earth and clay tablets were used to make maps.

Question 2.
Write a short note on Digital maps.
Answer:
Digital map is a web-based service that provides detailed information about geographical regions and sites around the world.

Question 3.
Define Globe.
Answer:

  • A globe is a three-dimensional model of the Earth.
  • A globe cannot show detailed information for an area.
  • A globe is not easy to carry.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 2 Map Reading

VII. Answer in Detail:

Question 1.
What are the features of colours on the map?
Answer:

Colours

Features

1. White Snow
2. Yellow Agriculture
3. Green Forest
4. Blue Water bodies (oceans, seas, and rivers)
5. Brown Mountain, Hill, and Contour
6. Red Settlements, Road
7. Black Railway line

Samacheer Kalvi 7th English Guide Term 3 Supplementary Chapter 1 Sindbad – My First Voyage

Tamilnadu State Board New Syllabus Samacheer Kalvi 7th English Guide Pdf Term 3 Supplementary Chapter 1 Sindbad – My First Voyage Text Book Back Questions and Answers, Summary, Notes.

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 7th English Solutions Term 3 Supplementary Chapter 1 Sindbad – My First Voyage

7th English Guide Sindbad – My First Voyage Text Book Back Questions and Answers

Textual Exercise (Text Book Page No. 99)

A. Match the following.
Samacheer Kalvi 7th English Guide Term 3 Supplementary Chapter 1 Sindbad – My First Voyage 1
Answer:

Column A Column B
green island huge fish
Mihrjan the king
Sindbad the Sailor voyager
Sindbad the porter poor listener
slaves in the cave

B. Choose the correct options from the ones. (Text Book Page No. 100)

1. Sindbad decided to sail to the ……………….. (Persian Gulf / Mexican Gulf) with some goods.
Answer:
Persian Gulf

2. He was being tossed by powerful waves and was thrown on an /a ……………….. (island/peninsula).
Answer:
island

3. The men in the cave were all ……………….. (ministers/slaves) of the king.
Answer:
slaves

Samacheer Kalvi 9th English Guide Prose Chapter 2 I Can’t Climb Trees Anymore

4. The king was a ……………….. (noble and kind/mean and cruel) person.
Answer:
noble and kind

5. The king gave many valuable ……………….. (gifts/rewards) to Sindbad.
Answer:
gifts

C. Read the passage and answer the questions given below.

One day, when I was standing on the port, I saw a ship approaching the port. It was the same ship, which had sailed further after leaving me behind, struggling in the sea. When the captain of the ship saw me, he was greatly surprised to find me alive. He and the other crew members hugged me with happiness. The captain handed over my goods to me, which had been left on the ship.
1. Where was he standing?
Answer:
Sindbad was standing on the port.

2. What did he see?
Answer:
Sindbad saw a ship approaching.

3. Whom did he meet on the ship and why was the person surprised?
Answer:
Sindbad met the captain of the ship. He was surprised to find Sindbad alive.

Samacheer Kalvi 9th English Guide Prose Chapter 2 I Can’t Climb Trees Anymore

4. What did he get back from the captain?
Answer:
Sindbad got back his goods from the captain.

D. Rearrange the following sentences in the correct order.

1. I longed to go back home.
2. I narrated my tale of sufferings and hardships to the king.
3. Our group sailed from one country to another, selling goods.
4. I saw the same ship approaching the port.
5. My father was a rich merchant.
6. I was being tossed by the frequent powerful waves.
7. Sindbad completed the tale of his voyage.
8. He presented the purse full of gold coins.
Answer:
5, 3, 6, 2,1, 4, 8, 7

E. Work in pairs and write the answers. (Text Book Page No. 101)

1. Describe the island that the ship’s crew found.
Answer:
Sindbad was thrown on an island. There was nothing to eat except a few herbs. Sindbad managed to get a few herbs. He quenched his thirst from a spring.

Sindbad met a man. The man asked Sindbad where he had come from. Sindbad poured out his misfortune to him. That man took pity on him. He took Sindbad inside a cave. There were a number of men present. They were all slaves of the king of the island. These men were kind. They served good food and drink. They treated Sindbad well – king Mihrjan was the ruler of island. These islands were under king Mihrjan.

During the stay of Sindbad he witnessed a number .of remarkable sights. The sea water around the island, contained huge and terrible fishes. A few were hundred times bigger than the largest ship. Once he saw a fish that had a head like a bull. He witnessed many unimaginable wonders.

Samacheer Kalvi 9th English Guide Prose Chapter 2 I Can’t Climb Trees Anymore

2. Did Sindbad the porter enjoy his meeting with Sindbad the sailor? Why?
Answer:
Sindbad completed the tale of his first voyage. The poor porter Sindbad was listening to the amazing tale of Sindbad, the sailor all with wonder. Sindbad the sailor, then bade good bye to the poor porter and asked him to come the next day to narrate the tale of his new voyage. But before leaving, he presented Sindbad the porter a purse full of gold coins. The unexpected riches overjoyed Sindbad, the porter.

Project

F. Brochure Making
Your school is organising an education trip. Work in a team and prepare a brochure for the trip. Include places to see, essential things to be brought, and the activities one can do on the trip.
Objective of educational trip:

  • To gain fun and information
  • To achieve motivation
  • To gain first hand experience
  • To attain rich immersion experience

Paragraph: 1

Purpose of educational trip
An educational tour is a planned site visit for school and college students. Purpose of education tour is to provide some information to students. Education trip means more than simply leaving the school ground. Educational trips should always have a major educational element, but the impact of educational trips can extend much further. The importance of educational trips includes, giving students the chance to build closer bonds with their classmates, experience in new environments and enjoy a day away from the classroom.

Paragraph: 2

Importance of educational trips:
Memories of school education trips are the most prominent memories of the formative years largely because they are impressive. The trip needs a lot of planning and preparation. Such trips make the students grow more empathetic and respectful towards others culture. Students gain knowledge of social issues. Education trips have a time honoured tradition. The experience gained in the educational trips is immeasurable.

places to see:

  • Temples
  • Educational museum
  • Archaeological sites
  • Historical monuments
  • Historical relics.
  • Diverse landscape
  • Observatory
  • Herbarium
  • Aquarium

Slogans:

  • Nature is your teacher
  • World is your classroom

Activities in the educational trip:

  • Observation
  • Collecting information
  • Recording the date
  • Taking photographs and videos
  • Documentation

Thinks to be brought:

  1. Woollen clothes if necessary
  2. trekking equipment
  3. footwear
  4. suitable clothes
  5. technology instruments like camera, phones
  6. reading materials, stationery article
  7. First aid
  8. Medicines if required

Connecting to Self

G. Road Safety
Road safety rules make our driving a better experience. As responsible citizen, we ought to obey traffic rules and pay attention to the road signs.
Look at the picture. Circle the dangerous actions of pedestrians on or near the road. Discuss in groups and write down the Pedestrians Road Safety Rules. (Text Book Page No. 102)

Safety rules on the road have to be followed by all of us so that no one is killed or injured.
Samacheer Kalvi 7th English Guide Term 3 Supplementary Chapter 1 Sindbad – My First Voyage 2

  1. Pedestrians must cross the road on zebra-crossing.
  2. Everyone must respect safety rules.
  3. The vehicles must stop at seeing the red light.
  4. The vehicles must get ready at seeing, yellow light.
  5. The vehicles must move forward at seeing, green light.
  6. Everyone must observe the traffic lights and act.
  7. The vehicles can not be parked at no parking area.
  8. The drivers of the vehicles must not drink and drive.
  9. The drivers should not attend the cell phones while driving.
  10. The drivers must not blow the home in silent zones such as hospitals.
  11. The drivers must keep up the speed limit.
  12. When the pedestrians cross the road they must look to the right, left then to right before crossing the road.
  13. Playing on the roadside, crossing the road carelessly must be avoided.
  14. When the vehicles go near schools, they must go slowly.

Step to Success (Text Book Page No. 103)

H. A set of words are given below. Categorize it under the appropriate columns.
Samacheer Kalvi 7th English Guide Term 3 Supplementary Chapter 1 Sindbad – My First Voyage 3
Answer:

Airport Railway Station Harbour
air hostess TTE Captain
crew compartment anchor
passport engine driver deck
visa platform helmsman
pilot porter
cockpit

Sindbad – My First Voyage Summary in English
Sindbad – My First Voyage Summary in English

Sindbad, the hero of adventure stories, narrates the story of his first voyage. Sindbad on his first voyage missed his ship. He was thrown on an island. After some time, fortunately, Sindbad met his old ship and the crew. He presented the king of the island with some gifts. The king also gifted him with some valuables. Sindbad returned to Baghdad as a rich man.

Sindbad – My First Voyage Summary in Tamil

சிந்துபாத், வீரசாகச கதைகளின் கதாநாயகன் ஆவான். அவனது முதல் கடல் பயணக் கதையை இங்கு விவரிக்கப்படுகிறது. சிந்துபாத் தன் முதல் கடல் பயணத்தில் தன் கப்பலை தவற விட்டு விடுகிறான். ஒரு தீவின் மீது தூக்கி எறியப்படுகிறான். அதிர்ஷ்டவசமாக, சிந்துபாத் தான் பயணம் செய்து வந்த பழைய கப்பல் மாலுமிகளை திரும்ப சந்திக்கிறான். தீவின் மன்னருக்கு பரிசளிக்கிறான். மன்னரும் சில விலை உயர்ந்த பொருட்களை பரிசளித்தார். சிந்துபாத் செல்வந்தனாய் பாக்தாத் திரும்பினான்.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

Tamilnadu State Board New Syllabus Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Pdf History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire Text Book Back Questions and Answers, Notes.

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Solutions History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

7th Social Science Guide The Mughal Empire Text Book Back Questions and Answers

I. Choose the correct answer:

Question 1.
Who introduced the Persian style of architecture in India?
a) Humayun
b) Babur
c) Jahangir
d) Akbar
Answer:
b) Babur

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

Question 2.
In which battle did Akbar defeat Rana Pratap?
a) Panipat
b) Chausa
c) Haldighati
d) Kanauj
Answer:
c) Haldighati

Question 3.
Whose palace in Delhi was destroyed by Sher Shah?
a) Babur
b) Humayun
c) Ibrahim Lodi
d) Alam Khan
Answer:
b) Humayun

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

Question 4.
Who introduced Mansabdari system?
a) Sher Sha
b) Akbar
c) Jahangir
d) Shah Jahan
Answer:
b) Akbar

Question 5.
Who was the revenue minister of Akbar?
a) Birbal
b) Raja Bhagwan Das
c) Raja Todarmal
d) Raja Man Singh
Answer:
c) Raja Todarmal

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

II. Fill in the blanks:

1. ………………was the name of the horse of Rana Pratap.
Answer:
Chetak

2. ……………….was a hall at FatehpurSikri where scholars of all religions met for a discourse.
Answer:
Ibadat Khana

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

3. The Sufi saint who received Akbar’s utmost respect was ………………..
Answer:
Salim Chishti

4. During the reign of ……………. the Zabti system was extended to the Deccan provinces.
Answer:
Shahjahan

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

5. ……………..were tax-free lands given to scholars and religious institutions.
Answer:
Suyurghal

III. Match the following

1. Babur a) Ahmednagar
2. Durgavati b) Jaipur
3. Rani chand Bibi c) Akbar
4. Din Ilahi d) Chanderi
5. Raja Man Singh e) Central Province

Answer:

1. Babur d) Chanderi
2. Durgavati e) Central Province
3. Rani chand Bibi a) Ahmednagar
4. Din Ilahi c) Akbar
5. Raja Man Singh b) Jaipur

IV. Write True or False :

1. Babur inherited Farghana, a small kingdom in Central Asia.
Answer:
True

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

2. Humayun succeeded in recapturing Delhi in 1565.
Answer:
False

3. Aurangzeb married a girl of a notable Rajput family.
Answer:
False

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

4. Jahangir ordered the execution of Sikh leader Guru Aijun for helping his son Khusrau.
Answer:
True

5. During Aurangzeb’s reign, architecture received much patronage.
Answer:
False

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

V. Consider the following statements. Tick (✓) the appropriate answer:

Question 1.
Assertion (A) : The British established their first factory at Surat.
Reason (R) : Jahangir granted trading rights to the English.
a) R is the correct explanation of A.
b) R is not the correct explanation of A.
c) A is wrong and R is correct.
d) (A) and (R) are wrong.
Answer:
a) R is the correct explanation of A.

Question 2.
Assertion (A) : Aurangzeb’s intolerance towards other religions made him unpopular among people.
Reason (R) : Aurangzeb re-imposed the jizya and pilgrim tax on the Hindus.
a) R is the correct explanation of A.
b) R is not the correct explanation of A.
c) A is wrong and R is correct.
d) (A) and (R) are wrong.
Answer:
a) R is the correct explanation of A.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

Question 3.
Find out the correct statements
I) Kamran was the son of Afghan noble, Hasan Suri, ruler of Sasaram in Bihar.
II) Akbar abolished the jizya poll tax on non-Muslims and the tax on Hindu pilgrims.
III) Aurangzeb acceded the throne after killing his three brothers.
IV) Prince Akbar entered into a pact with Shivaji’s son Shambuji in the Deccan,
a) I), II) and III) are correct
b) II), III) and IV) are correct
c) I), III) and IV) are correct
d) III), IV) and I) are correct
Answer:
b) II), III) and IV) are correct

Question 4.
Arrange the battles in chronological order.
i) Battle of Khanwa
ii) Battle of Chausa
iii) Battle of Kanauj
iv) Battle of Chanderi
Answer:
i), iv), ii), iii)

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

Question 5.
Arrange the following administrative divisions in descending order
I)  Sarkars
II) Parganas
III) Subhas
Answer:
II), III), I)

VI. Match the father and son.

Father Son
1. Akbar a) Dilawar Khan
2. Daulat Khan Lodi b) Rana Pratap
3. Hasan Suri c) Humayun
4. Babur d) Sher Shah
5. Uday Singh e) Jahangir

Answer:

Father Son
1. Akbar e) Jahangir
2. Daulat Khan Lodi a) Dilawar Khan
3. Hasan Suri d) Sher Shah
4. Babur c) Humayun
5. Uday Singh b) Rana Pratap

VII. Answer the following:

Question 1.
Write the circumstance that led to the Battle of Panipat in 1526.
Answer:
Babur did not have any ambition beyond Punjab till 1524. Then a greater opportunity came knocking. Dilawar Khan, who was Daulat Khan Lodi’s son, and Alam Khan, who was the uncle of Sultan of Delhi, arrived in Kabul to seek Babur’s help in removing Ibrahim Lodi from power. Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi in the famous Battle of Panipat in 1526.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

Question 2.
Mention did Humayun recapture the Delhi throne in 1555?
Answer:
With the help of the Persian ruler Shah Tahmasp of the Safavid dynasty, Humayun recaptured the Delhi throne in 1555.

Question 3.
Write a note on the Mansabdari system.
Answer:

  • Akbar introduced the Mansabdari system.
  • The nobles, civil and military officials were combined to form one single service in this system.
  • A Mansabdar, hold such a rank which was dependent on Zat and Sawar.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

VIII. Answer the following:

Question 1.
Describe the land revenue administration of the Mughals.
Answer:

  • Land Revenue was the main income source during the Mughal Period.
  • It was toned up during the reign of Akbar.
  • Raja Todar Mai, the Revenue Minister of Akbar, adopted and refined the system introduced by Sher Shah.

Zabt System:

  • According to this system, after the survey, lands were classified based on the nature and fertility of the soil.
  • The share of the state was 1/3 of average produce for 10 years.
  • During the reign of Shah Jahan, the zabt system was extended to the Deccan provinces.

Jagir:

  • The Mughal emperors enforced the old iqta system, renaming it a ‘Jagir’.
  • The collection of revenue of an area and the power of governing were bestowed upon military or civil official named Jagirdar.
  • The revenue collector was assisted by Potdar, Qanungo, the Patwari, and the Muqaddams.

Zamindars:
Zamindars collected taxes and maintained law and order with the help of Mughal officials and soldiers. Thus, they maintained the land revenue system.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

Question 2.
Estimate Akbar as a patron of learning.
Answer:

  • Akbar was a great patron of learning.
  • He had a personal library that had more than 4000 manuscripts.
  • He patronized scholars of all beliefs and all shades of opinions.
  • He extended his benevolence to authors such as Abul Fazl, Abul Faizi, and Abdur Rahim khan-i-khanan and Birbal.

IX. HOTs:

Question 1.
Shah Jahan’s time witnessed the climax of Mughal splendour. Support this statement in comparison with the times of other Mughal rulers.
Answer:

  • Shah Jahan’s time witnessed the climax of Mughal splendour.
  • Because the famous Peacock throne, Tajmahal, Moti Masjid, the Pearl Mosque, the great Jama Masjid, Diwan-i-Khas, and Diwan – i – am were built during the reign of Shah Jahan.
  • Other Mughal rulers Babur, Akbar, and Jahangir also lovers of architecture.
  • But after Shahjahan’s reign, architecture did not receive much patronge.
  • So in his reign came the climax of Mughal Splendour.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

7th Social Science Guide The Mughal Empire Additional Important Questions and Answers

I. Choose the Correct answer:

Question 1.
The founder of Mughal Empires
a) Babur
b) Humayan
c) Shershah
d) Akbar
Answer:
a) Babur

Question 2.
Babur led his first expedition towards India in
a) 1500
b) 1505
c) 1525
d) 1526
Answer:
b) 1505

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

Question 3.
Who was defeated Babur in the First Battle of Panipat?
a) Rana Sanga
b) Prithiviraj
c) Ibrahim Lodi
d) Daulatkhan Lodi
Answer:
c) Ibrahim Lodi

Question 4.
The Second Battle of Panipat was held in the year.
a) 1516
b) 1526
c) 1556
d) 1761
Answer:
c) 1556

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

Question 5.
South Indian women Ruler ………….. of Ahmed Nagar Glad to confront against Askbarf
a) Chand Bibi
b) Durgavati
c) Nurjahan
d) LakshmiBai
Answer:
a) Chand Bibi

6. The great composes and Musician in Akbar’s Court was ………………
a) Daswant
b) Tansen
c)Abdul Fazal
d) Birbal
Answer:
b) Tansen

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

Question 7.
Jahangir executed the Sikh leader
a) Ramadas
b) TejBahdaur
c) Govind Singh
d) Arjun
Answer:
d) Arjan

Question 8.
Purana Qila was built by
a) Akbar
b) Sher Shah Sur
e) Shan Jahan
d) Shivaji
Answer:
b) Sher Shah Sur

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

Question 9.
The Prime minister of the Mughal Government was called as
a) Wakil
b) Kotwals
e) Sawar
d) Peshuwa
Answer:
a) Wakil

Question 10.
Aurangzeb means
a) King of the world
b) light of the world
e) The Conqueror of the world
d) Tiger of the world
Answer:
c) The Conqueror of the world

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

II Fill in the blanks:

1. Mughal rule statted in India from …………….
Answer:
1526 A.D

2. …………….. and ……….. invited Babur to invade India.
Answer:
Dilawar Khan, Alam khan

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

3. The autobiography of Babur is ………………..
Answer:
Tuzuk-i-Baburi

4. Babur defeated Rana Sanga in the Battle of ……………. in 1527.
Answer:
Khanwa

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

5. Sher Shah Sur defeated Humayun in the Battle of ………… in 1539 and …………….. in 1540.
Answer:
Chausa, Kannauj

6. Persian ruler ………………….. helped Humayun to defeat Sher Shah.
Answer:
Shah Tahmasp

7. Sher Shah started the rule ……………….. of the dynasty at Agra.
Answer:
Sur

8. Akbar abolished the Poll tax named…………….
Answer:
Jizya

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

9. Sikh shrine Harmandir Sahib was built at ………..
Answer:
Amritsar

10. ……………, a hail of worship was built by Akbar.
Answer:
Ibadat Khana

11. The Sufi saint …………… was respected by Akbar.
Answer:
Salim Chishti

12. The artist in Akbar’s court was …………..
Answer: Daswant

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

13. ………………, a representative 01 King iames i or tngianci visiteo ianangirs cou
Ans:
Thomas Roe

14 ……………. maintained law and order in the Mughal Empire.
Answer:
Kotwals

15. Din Ilahi means ………………
Answer:
Divine faith

III. Match the following:

1. Babur a) Battle of Chausa
2. Humayun b) Battle of Ahom
3. Akbar c) Battle of Chanderi
4. Aurangzeb d) Battle of Haldighati

Answer:

1. Babur c) Battle of Chanderi
2. Humayun a) Battle of Chausa
3. Akbar d) Battle of Haldighati
4. Aurangzeb b) Battle of Ahom

IV Write true or false:

1. Humayun fell down the stairs of his library in Delhi and died.
Answer:
True

2. Babur led his First expedition to India in 1524 A.D
Answer:
False

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

3. Akbar treated all the religious groups fairly with the generosity of spirit.
Answer:
True

4. Humavun granted tradin2 ri2hts to the Portuguese and English.
Answer:
False

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

V. Consider the Following statements. (✓) Tick the appropriate answer.

Question 1.
Assertion (A) : Mughals had to lose control over the trade routes to Afghanistan, Persia, and central Asia.
Reason (R) : There was a prolonged fight between Mughals and Sikhs
a) R is not the correct explanation of A b) R is the correct explanation of A
c) A is correct and R is wrong d) (A) and (R) are Correct
Answer:
b) R is the correct explanation of A

Question 2.
Assertion (A) : Jahangir ordered the execution of Sikhs leader Guru Aijun
Reason (R) : For religious causes, Jahangir ordered the execution of guru Aijun
a) R is not the correct explanation of A b) R is the correct explanation of A
c) A is correct and R is wrong d) (A) and (R) are Correct
Answer:
a) R is not the correct explanation of A

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

VI. Circle the odd one out:

Babur, Humayun, Sher Shah, Jahangir
Answer:
Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire 1

VII. Answer the following:

Question 1.
Who is Sher Shah?
Answer:

  • Sher Shah was the son of an Afghan noble, Hasan Suri, the ruler of Sasaram in Bihar.
  • He started the rule of the Sur dynasty at Agra.

Question 2.
Write a note on the Second Battle of Panipat.
Answer:

  • The Second Battle of Panipat was fought between Hemu, a general of the Sur dynasty, and Akbar at Panipat in 1556.
  • In this battle, Akbar’s general Bairam Khan defeated and killed Hemu.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

Question 3.
Which women rulers fought against Akbar?
Answer:

  • Rani Durgavati of Central Province.
  • Rani Chand Bibi of Ahmed Nagar.

Question 4.
What is Din Ilahi?
Answer:
Akbar tried to include the good principles in all religions and formulated them into one single faith called Divine faith or Din -I – lahi.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 2 Chapter 2 The Mughal Empire

Question 5.
Give a short note on Redfort.
Answer:

  • Redfort also called Lai Qila is situated at Delhi.
  • It was the residence of the Mughal emperors.
  • It was constructed in 1639 by Shah Jahan.
  • It has massive enclosing walls of red sandstone.

VIII. Answer the following:

Question 1.
Estimate the Contribution of Mughal rulers towards art and architecture.
Answer:
All the Mughal Emperors show their keen interest in Art and Architecture.
Babur:

  • Babur introduced the Persian style of architecture in India.
  • He built many structures at Agra. Biana, Dholpur Gwalior, and Kiul.

Humayun:
Humayun built his royal palace Din-i-Panah and Delhi.

Akbar:
The Diwan-i-Khas, Diwan-i-Am, Panch – Mahal, Rang Mahal, Salim Chishti’s Tomb and Buland Darwaza were built during Akbar’s time.

Jahangir:
Akbar’s tomb at Sikandara, Tomb of Itmad-ud-doula at Agra (father of Nur Jahan) was built by Jahangir.

Shahjahan:
The famous Peacock throne, Tajmahal, Moti Masjid, Pearl Mosque at Agra, Red Fort, Jamma Masjid of Delhi, Diwan-i-Khas, and Diwan-i-am in Delhi were built by Shah Jahan.

Aurangzeb:

  • The Bibi ka Maqbara a mausoleum was built during Aurangzeb. period.
  • Shahjahan’s Period witnessed the Mughal splendour in architecture.

 

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

Tamilnadu State Board New Syllabus Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Pdf History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu Text Book Back Questions and Answers, Notes.

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Solutions History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

7th Social Science Guide Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu Text Book Back Questions and Answers

I. Choose the correct answer:

Question 1.
Which is the oldest structural temple in south India?
a) Shore Temple
b) Mandagapattu
c) Kailasanatha Temple
d) Vaikuntha Perumal Temple
Answer:
a) Shore Temple

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

Question 2.
In which year were the Mamallapuram monuments and temples notified as a UNESCO world Heritage site?
a) 1964
b) 1994
c) 1974
d) 1984
Answer:
d) 1984

Question 3.
What was the special feature of the architecture of early Chola period?
a) bas-reliefs
b) vimanas
c) corridors
d) gopurams .
Answer:
b) Vimanas

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

Question 4.
Where is the Azhakiya Nambi Temple situated?
a) Tirukkurungudi
b) Madurai
c) Tirunelveli
d) Srivilliputhu
Answer:
a) Tirukkurungudi

Question 5.
Who built the Vaikuntha Perumal Temple?
a) Mahendravarman
b) Narasimhavarman
c) Rajasimha
d) Rajaraja II
Answer:
d) Rajaraja II

II. Fill in the Blanks:

1. …………………. was the first rock-cut cave temple built by the Pallava king Mahendravarman.
Answer:
Mandagapattu

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

2. The early Chola architecture followed the style of………………….
Answer:
Sembian Mahadevi

3. The most celebrated mandapam in Madurai Meenakshiamman temple is the………………….
Answer:
Pudumandapam

4. Later Chola period was known for beautiful………………….
Answer:
gopurams

5. Vijayanagar period’s unique feature is the………………….
Answer:
mandapam

III. Match the following:

A B
1. Seven Pagodas a) Madurai
2. Rathi mandapam b) Darasuram
3. Iravatheswara temple c) Tirukkurungudi
4. Adinatha Temple d) Shore temple
5. Pudumandapam e) Azhwar Tirunagari

Answer:

A B
1. Seven Pagodas d) Shore temple
2. Rathi mandapam c) Tirukkurungudi
3. Iravatheswara temple b) Darasuram
4. Adinatha Temple e) Azhwar Tirunagari
5. Pudumandapam a) Madurai

IV. Find out the wrong pair/pairs:

Question 1.
1. Krishnapuram Temple – Tirunelveli
2. Kudalazhagar Temple – Azhwar Tirunagari
3. Sethupathis – Feudatories of Madurai Nayaks
4. Jalagandeshwara temple – Vellore
Answer:
2. Kudalazhagar Temple – Azhwar Tirunagari

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

Question 2.
Assertion (A) : The predominance of corridors of Rameswaram Temple is striking. Reason (R) : The Temple has the largest set of corridors in the world,
a) R is not the correct explanation of A
b) R is the correct explanation of A
c) A is correct but R is wrong
d) Both A arid R are wrong
Answer:
b) R is the correct explanation of A

Question 3.
Find out the odd one out:
Srivilliputhur, Azhaharkoil, Srirangam, Kanchipuram Tiruvannamalai.
Answer:
Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu 1

Question 4.
Name the epoch of the following:
a) A.D. 600 to 850 – ………………………………………………
b) A.D. 850 to 1100 – ………………………………………………
c) A.D. 1100 tol350 – ………………………………………………
d) A.D. 1350 tol600 – ………………………………………………
Answer:
a) A.D. 600 to 850 – The Pallava Epoch
b) A.D. 850 to 1100 – Early Chola Epoch
c) A.D. 1100 tol350 – Later Chola Epoch
d) A.D. 1350 tol600 – Vijaynagara /Nayak Epoch

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

Question 5.
Find out the correct statement/s:
1. The Arjuna’s Penance is carved out of a granite boulder.
2. Meenakshi Amman temple in Madurai represents Pallava’s architectural style.
3. The cave temple at Pillayarpatti is a contribution of Later Pandyas.
4. The Sethupathis as feudatories of Madurai Nayaks contributed to Madurai Meenakshiamman Temple.
Answer:
1. The Arjuna’s Penance is carved out of a granite boulder.
3. The cave temple at Pillayarpatti is a contribution of Later Pandyas.

V. State true or false:

1. Rajasimha built the Kanchi Kailasanatha temple.
Answer:
True

2. Early Pandyas were the contemporaries of Later Cholas.
Answer:
False

3. Rock-cut and structural temples are significant parts of the Pandya architecture.
Answer:
True

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

4. Brahadeeshwara temple was built by Rajendra Chola.
Answer:
True

5. Vijayanagar and Nayak paintings are seen at temple at Dadapuram.
Answer:
False

VI. Give short answers:

Question 1.
Write a note on Pancha Pandava Rathas.
Answer:

  1. The Tamil Dravid tradition is exemplified by rock-cut- monuments.
  2. Such as Draupadiratha, Dharmarajaratha, Bheemaratha, Arjunaratha, and Nagula – Sahadeva Ratha.

Question 2.
Throw light on the paintings of Sittanavasal
Answer:

  • Sittanavasal is located at Pudukkottai district.
  • It have outstanding early Pandya paintings.
  • They painted the walls with fresh painting.
  • Among the surviving ones,the lot of pond is not able for its excellent execution of colours and exposition of the scene.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

Question 3.
Point out the special features of Thanjavur Big temple.
Answer:

  1. The Thanjavur BigTemple completed around A.D.1010 was built by Rajaraja.
  2. It was a huge temple complex.
  3. The 216 feet vimana is not able as it is one of the tallest man-made shikaras in the world.
  4. The huge bull statue (Nandi) is carved out of a single rock.

Question 4.
Highlight the striking features of Rameswaram Temple.
Answer:

  • The Sethupathis ruled Ramanathapuram was built the temple.
  • In the temple, the predominance of the corridor striking.
  • It is claimed that this temple has the longest set of corridors in the world.
  • The temple has three sets of corridors.
  • The outer set of the corridors has a height of almost 7metres and stretches for about 120 metres.
  • Many of these pillar sare decorated by ornate carvings. .

VII. Answer the following in detail:

Question 1.
The Pallava epoch witnessed a transition from rock-cut to free-standing temples – Explain.
Answer:

  • The Pallava king Mahendravarman was a pioneer in rock-cut architecture.
  • Rock-cut temples were initially built by carving a rock to the required design and then rocks were cut to build temples.
  • Mandaga pattu temple was the first trock-cut temple built by him.
  • The rock-cut cave structure has two pillar sin the front that hold it.
  • All the cave temple shaves implesanctum cut on there a side of the wall with a front age – projecting mandapa(pavilion).
  • The structural temples provided a wider scope to the sculptor to use his skill.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

Question 2.
Discuss how the architecture of the Vijayanagara and Nayak period was different from the one of Pallavas and Later Cholas.
Answer:

  • During the Vijayanagara epoch,a new form of construction emerged.
  • The main features of the Vijayanagar and Nayak architecture are:
  • Decorated mandapas
  • Ornamental pillars
  • Life-size images
  • Gopuras
  • Prakaras
  • Music pillars
  • Floral works and stone windows
  • Tanks are attached to the temple
  • Massive gopurarrts at four sides.
  • niches with sculptures.
  • These as found at
  • Alakiya Nambi temple atTirukkurungudi
  • Ranganatha temple complex at Srirangam
  • Adinatha temple – Azhwar Tirunagari
  • Nellaiyappar temple -Tirunelveli
  • The 1000-pillar mandapam – Madurai
  • Meenakshi Amman temple – madurai
  • Rathi Mandapam – Tirukkurungudi
  • Vanamamalai Temple – Nanguneri
  • The Jalagandeshwara temple – Vellore,
  • The temples at Thadikompu near Dindugal.

VIII. Hots:

Question 1.
Dravidian architecture is of indigenous origin – Explain.
Answer:

  • Dravidian architecture is of indigenous origin.
  • It advanced overtime by a process of evolution.
  • The earliest examples of the Tamil Dravidian architectural tradition were the 7th-century rock-cut shrines at Mahabalipuram.
  • The absence of monuments in South India prior to the 7th century is attributed by scholars to temples that ought to have been built in wood, which was eventually destroyed by forces of nature.
  • In TamilNadu, the evolution of temple architecture took place in five stages:
    • The Pallava Epoch.
    • Early Chola Epoch.
    • Later Chola Epoch.
    • Vijayanagara / Nayak Epoch.
    • Modem Epoch.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

Question 2.
Temple art was at its best during the Nayak Period – Elucidate.
Answer:

  • The main features of the Vijayanagar and Nayak architecture are decorated, mandapas,ornamental pillars,life-size images, gopuras, prakaras, music pillars,
  • Floral works and stone windows during the 15th to 17th centuries.
  • Tanks are attached to the temples. Gateways to temple are constructed from Four directions with massive gopurams.
  • The practice of fitting then inches with sculptures continued during the Nayak period.
  • There was an increased use of major sculpted figures(relief sculpturejas found at the Alakiya Nambite mpleat Tirukkurungudi (Tirunelveli district) and the Gopalakrishna temple in the Ranganatha temple complex at Srirangam.
  • The southern festival mandapam of Adinatha temple at AzhwarTirunagari and the porch of the Nellaiyappar temple at Tirunelveli are other notable examples.

7th Social Science Guide Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu Additional Important Questions and Answers

I. Choose the Correct answer:

Question 1.
The Pallava Epoch in Tamilnadu is ………………
a) A.D 600-850
b) A.D 850-1100
c) A.D 1350-1850
d) A.D 1100-1350
Answer:
a) A.D 600-850

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

Question 2.
The Pallava king ………………was a pioneer in rock-cut architecture.
a) Narasimma varman
b) Mahendravarman
c) Simha Varman
d) Vaathabi Kondan
Answer:
b) Mahendravarman

Question 3.
The ……………… Penance, carved on the face of a granite boulder, is a magnificent relief.
a) Arjun’s
b) Sivam
c) Vishnu
d) Thirumal
Answer:
a) Arjun’s

Question 4.
In the Siva temple of Pandyas, the ……………… is carved out of the mother rock.
a)Vimanam
b) Gopuram
c) lutes
d) linga
Answer:
d) linga

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

Question 5.
Meenakshi Amman Temple in Madurai and Nellaiappar Temple in Tirunelveli represent examples of ……………… architectural style.
a) Pandya’s
b) Cheran
c) Chola
d) Vijaynagar
Answer: a) Pandya’s

Question 6.
The maturity attained by ……………… architecture is reflected in the two magnificent temples of Thanjavur and Gangaikonda Cholapuram.
a) Cheran
b) Cholas
c) Pandiyas
d) Vijayanagar
Answer:
b) Cholas

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

Question 7.
………………, near Kumbakonam, is a Later Chola period temple.
a) Kalugumalai
b) Arykkudi
c) Dharasuram
d) Thiruvadalan
Answer:
c) Dharasuram

Question 8.
The cave temple at ………………(near Karaikudi, TamilNadu) belonging to 13th century.
a) Irrukkaikudi
b) Aryakkudi
c) Varalanpadi
d) Pillayarpatti
Answer:
d) Pillayarpatti

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

Question 9.
The practice of fitting the with sculptures continued during the Nayak period.
a) Mandapam
b) Gopuram
c) lutes
d) niches
Answer:
d) niches

Question 10.
The Later Chola period was known for beautiful
a) Mandapam
b) Gopuram
c) Nandi
d) Theppakulam
Answer:
b) Gopuram

II. Fill in the Blanks:

1. The ……………… epoch witnessed a transition from rock-cut to free-standing temples.
Answer:
Pallava

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

2. Mandagapattu temple was the first rock-cut temple built by ……………….
Answer:
Mahendravarman

3. TheKanchi ………………was built by the Pallava king, Rajasimha.
Answer:
Kailasanatha Temple

4. The monolithic sculpture made at Mahabalipuram is ………………
Answer:
Pancha Pandava Rathas.

5. The Mamallapuram monuments and temples were notified as a ……………… in 1984.
Answer:
UNESCO

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

6. Early Pandyas were the contemporaries of the ………………
Answer:
Pallavas

7. The Vettuvankoil, a monolithic temple at ………………, is hewn out of a huge boulder on four sides.
Answer:
Kazhugumalai

8. Many early Pandya images are unearthed now in ……………… museum at Madurai.
Answer:
Tirumalai Nayakkar

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

9. Sittanavasal was a residential cave of the ………………
Answer:
Jain monks

10. For the early Chola epoch, the temple at ……………… Tamilnadu is worth mentioning.
Answer:
Tindivanam, Dadapuram

11. At the time the Big Temple of ……………… was constructed, it was a huge temple complex.
Answer:
Thanjavur

12. The Brihadeeshwara temple of ………………, is undoubtedly as worthy a successor to the Brihadeeshwara
temple of Thanjavur.
Answer:
Gangaikonda Cholapuram

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

13. The Kalyana mandapam at ………………, Jalagandeshwar temple are notable examples.
Answer:
Vellore

14. At Vijayanagar epoch, the mandapam and port of ……………… at Adinatha are special features.
Answer:
Azhwar temple

15. The Sethupathis ruled ………………and contributed to the Ramanathaswamy temple architecture.
Answer:
Ramanathapuram

III. Match the following:

A B
1. Dwarapalas a) Mandivarman-II
2. Vaigunda Perumal Kovil b) Monolithic temple
3. Arjuna’s Penance c) Sittanavasal paintings
4. Kazhugumalai d) Gate Keepers
5. Pudukottai e) 100ft long, 45ft wide

Answer:

A B
1. Dwarapalas d) Gate Keepers
2. Vaigunda Perumal Kovil a) Mandivarman-II
3. Arjuna’s Penance e) 100ft long, 45ft wide
4. Kazhugumalai b) Monolithic temple
5. Pudukottai c) Sittanavasal paintings

IV. Find out the wrong pair/pairs:

Question 1.
Find out the wrong pair/pairs
1. Iravatheswara – Indira’s elephant
2. Pillayarpatti – A beautiful Ganesha
3. Rameshwaram Temple – Theppakulam
4. 1000 pillar mandapams – Meenakshi Amman Temple
5. Gangai Konda Solapuram – Chola Capital
Answer:
3. Rameshwaram Temple – Theppakulam

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

Question 2.
Assertion (A) : The Thanjavur Big Temple is one of the highest temple in the World.
Reason (R) : Due to its massive height, the shikhara is called the Dakshina Meru.
a) R is not the correct explanation of A
b) R is the correct explanation of A
c) A is correct but R is wrong
d) Both A and R are wrong
Answer:
b) R is the correct explanation of A

Question 3.
Find the odd one out:
Arjuna’s Penance, Rock, cut, temple, Kailasanathar temple, Palani Malai temple
Answer:
Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu 2

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

Question 4.
Find out the correct statement/s.
1. In Dharasuaram near Kumbakonam Vyayanagar King’s temple is situated.
2. Rock-cut and structural temples are significant part of Pandya architecture.
3. The maturity attained by Pallava’s architecture is reflected in the two magnificent temples of Thanjavur and Gangai Konda Cholapuram.
4. The Temple at Dadapuram, near Tindivanam in Tamilnadu is worth mentioning of Later Chola Epoch.
Answer:
2. Rock-cut and structural temples are significant part of Pandya architecture.

V. State true or false:

1. Mahabalipuram (Mamallapuram) is built of cut stones rather than carved out of caves.
Answer:
True

2. Pandyas installed Nandi in the sanctums in their cave temples.
Answer:
false

3. The Puddukottai Sittanavasal Lotus Pond is the excellent execution.
Answer:
True

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

4. Tanjavur served as the Chola capital for about 250 years, until the decline of the Cholas and the rise of the Pandyas.
Answer:
False

VI. Give short answers:

Question 1.
Write short note about the specialities of Mamallapuram.
Answer:
The Mamallapuram monuments and temples, including the Shore Temple complex, were notified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

Question 2.
Write about Kazhugumalai sculpture.
Answer:

  • The Vettuvankoil, a monolithic temple at Kazhugumalai, is hewn out of a huge boulder on four sides.
  • At the top of the temple, sculptures of Uma Maheswarar, Dakshinamoorthy, Vishnu and Brahma are found.

Question 3.
Write about Pillayarpatti Karpaka Vinayagar temple.
Answer:

  • The cave temple at Pillayarpatti (near Karaikudi, TamilNadu) belonging to 13th century.
  • This temple is important both for its sculptures and for an inscription.
  • A beautiful Ganesha is carved facing the entrance. .

Question 4.
What are the specialities of Ganga – kondacholapuram?
Answer:

  • Gangaikonda Cholapuram served as the Chola capital.
  • It was built by Rajendra Chola.
  • The height of the temple is 5 5 metres.
  • The sanctum has two storeys.
  • The outer wall has many projections with niches and recesses on three sides.

VII. Answer the following in detail:

Question 1.
Mention the places of Pallavas Creation.
Answer:

  • Mahendravadi – Pallavaram
  • Mahabalipuram – Thirukazhukundram
  • Vallam – Mammandur
  • Mandagapattu – Melaiserri
  • Kanchi – Chengalpattu.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide History Term 3 Chapter 2 Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

Question 2.
List out the Vijayanagar temple of Tamilnadu Architecture.
Answer:

  • Kanchi – Vaikuntha Perumal Temple.
  • Tirunelveli – Nellaiappar Temple Corridor.
  • Vellore – Jalagandeshwar Temple.
  • Azhwar Tirunagari – Adinatha Temple.
  • Thanjavur – Brihadeeshwara Temple.
  • Madurai – Meenakshi Amman Temple

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

Tamilnadu State Board New Syllabus Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Pdf Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America Text Book Back Questions and Answers, Notes.

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Solutions Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

7th Social Science Guide Exploring Continents – North America and South America Text Book Back Questions and Answers

I. Choose the correct answer:

Question 1.
The ………………….. separates North America from Asia.
a) Bering Strait
b) Palk Strait
c) Malacca Strait
d) Gibraltar straits
Answer:
a) Bering Strait

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

Question 2.
………………….. is known as the “sugar bowl of the world”.
a) Mexico
b) USA
c) Canada
d) Cuba
Answer:
d) Cuba

Question 3.
………………….. are the longest rivers in North America.
a) The Mississippi and Missouri rivers
b) The Mackenzie river
c) The St. Lawrence river
d) The Colorado river
Answer:
a) The Mississippi and Missouri rivers

Question 4.
………………….. is the longest mountain chain in the world.
a) The Andes
b) The Rockies
c) The Himalayas
d) The Alps
Answer:
a) The Andes

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

Question 5.
………………….. basin gets rainfall every day because of its equatorial location
a) The Mackenzie
b) The Orinoco
c) The Amazon
d) The Parana
Answer:
c) The Amazon

II. Fill in the blanks:

1. ………………….. 86 m below the sea level is the lowest part of the continent of North America.
Answer:
Death valley

2.
………………….. is one of the world’s best fishing grounds.
Answer:
Grand bank

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

3. The highest peak in the Andes is ………………….. on the Chile – Argentina border.
Answer:
Mount Aconcagua

4. ………………….. of the equatorial regions are called the “lungs of the world”.
Answer:
The selvas

5. …………………. is also known as the “coffee pot” of the world.
Answer:
Minas Gersals and Sao paulo

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

III. Match the following:

A B
1. Mount McKinley a) Tropical forests
2. Grand Canyon b) The flightless bird
3. Ebony c) The Colorado River
4. 4’o Clock Rains d) 6194 m
5. Rhea e) The equatorial regions

Answer:

A B
1. Mount McKinley d) 6194 m
2. Grand Canyon c) The Colorado River
3. Ebony a) Tropical forests
4. 4’o Clock Rains e) The equatorial regions
5. Rhea b) The flightless bird

IV. Give the Reasons:

Question 1.
The eastern coast of North America particularly the USA enjoys a mild climate.
Answer:
The South and east are usually warm all the year round and regions around the mouth of the Mississippi – Missouri and the Gulf Coast have summer rain from the North East Trades which blow onshore in summer.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

Question 2.
The United States of America is known as “Melting Pot”.
Answer:
The United States of America is known as a “Melting pot” where hundreds of different cultures meet, blend, and create a new culture.

Question 3.
Though Quito and Amazon basin are in the same latitude Quito enjoys eternal Spring. Whereas the Amazon basin is hot.
Answer:

  1. The Climatic of the continent of South America has been closely influenced by the latitudes, altitudes, and the proximity of the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans.
  2. It is hot in the Amazon basin as the equator passes through it whereas Quito situated almost on the
    same latitude on the Andes has Eternal Spring
  3. That is, it has a pleasant climate throughout the year because of its high altitude at 9,350 feet or 2849.88 the meter above the sea level.

Question 4.
Peru is one of the world’s largest producers of tròpical fish.
Answer:

  • Peru is one of the world’s largest producers of tropical fish. Here the cool Humboldt Current helps in bring planicton, which is the main food for fishes.
  • Commercial deep-sea fishing off of Peru’s coastal belt over 3000 km.

V. Distinguish between

Question 1.
The Rocky Mountain and the Appalachian mountain.
Answer:
Rocky mountain

  1. The western part of North America is occupied by long ranges of young fold mountains known as Rocky mountains
  2. The Width varies from 110 to 480 Kms.
  3. The Rocky Mountains are west of the Mississippi River.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

Appalachian mountain

  1. The eastern part of North America formed of old fold Appalachian which is not continuous like the Rockies.
  2. There are few peaks more than 1800m high.
  3. The Appalachian Mountain is east of the river.

Question 2.
The Prairies and the Pampas grassland.
Answer:
Prairies grassland:

  1. The temperature grasslands of North America are known as prairies.
  2. Region – Central USA and Central Canada.
  3. Winter is very cold, Summer is hot and rainfall is moderate.

Pampas grassland:

  1. The temperature grasslands of South America are known as pampas.
  2. Region – North of Eastern part of Argentina, Uruguay and Southernmost Brazil.
  3. Summer is quite warm and winter is cold and moderate rainfall.

Question 3.
Tundra and Taiga.
Answer:
Tundra

  1. Region – Northern coast of Canada and the Northern islands.
  2. Climate – Winter is long and Severely cold, Summer is short and cool. Rainfall is scanty.
  3. Flora – Mosses, Lichens, and Dwarf willows.

Taiga :

  1. Region – The coniferous forests are found in Alaska and Canada, South Central Alaska and North Eastern Canada.
  2. Climate – Winter is very cold, Summer is warm and short. Heavy snowfall in winter.
  3. Flora – Pine, Fir, Cedar and Spruce.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

VI. Put (✓) for the correct option:

Question 1.
Assertion (A) : Cotton grows well in southern and western states of North America.
Reason (R) : Warm summer with frequent rainfall and fertile soil which provide favourable condition.
a) Both A and R is correct.
b) A is correct and R is wrong,
c) A is wrong and R is correct
d) Both A and R is wrong
Answer:
a) Both A and R is correct.

Question 2.
Assertion (A) : Industries in South America have developed rapidly.
Reason (R) : The continent lacks infrastructure (especially transport) need for industrialization,
a) Both A and R are correct
b) A is correct and R is wrong,
c) A is wrong and R is correct
d) Both A and R are wrong
Answer:
c) A is wrong and R is correct

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

VII. Answer the following:

Question 1.
Name the boundaries of North America.
Answer:
North America is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean in the West, the Atlantic Ocean in the east, the Arctic Ocean in the north and South America in the south.

Question 2.
Write a note on Mackenzie River.
Answer:

  • The Mackenzie River is the second-largest drainage basin of North America.
  • It has its source from Great Slave Lake and drains into the Arctic Ocean.

Question 3.
What type of fruits are cultivated in North America? Name some of them.
Answer:
The important Fruits of North America are Cranberries, Blueberries, Concord Grapes, Strawberries, Gooseberries and other fruit.

Question 4.
Give a short note about the lifestyle of Eskimos.
Answer:

  • Eskimos live in a very cold and hospitable region where plenty of fish varieties are available.
  • They were able to dress in thick warm clothes made of further life in igloos.
  • Their lives were very simple and they could not alter the environment to any extent.
  • The specially designed a house by ice and is known as igloos.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

Question 5.
Which are the densely populated areas of North America?
Answer:
The Eastern part of North America, the Great Lakes region, Florida, California, Mexico, and Central America are the most densely populated areas.

Question 6.
Name the physiographic divisions of South America.
Answer:

  • The Andes Mountains.
  • The River Basin or Central Plains.
  • The Eastern High land.

Question 7.
What is called “4’o clock rains”?
Answer:

  • The Amazon basin gets rainfall every day because of its equatorial location.
  • The regions around the Equator get what is called“4’o Clock Rains” which are convectional rains.

Question 8.
Name the flora and fauna of equatorial forest in South America.
Answer:
FLORA:
Rubber, Mahogany, Ebony, Logwood, Brazil, nuts and Ceiba.

FAUNA:
Anaconda, Armadillo, Piranha, Monkey, Snake, Crocodile and Parrot.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

Question 9.
What is known as “Estancias”?
Answer:

  • The Breeds raised on large pasture lands is known as Estancias.
  • These are divided into several paddocks.
  • Besides this, there are small yards known as corrals where animals are sorted and branded.
  • The owner is the Estanciera who has a number of gauchos.

Question 10.
Name the major export of South America.
Answer:

  • South America’s major exports are mostly primary commodities such as sugar, coffee, cocoa, tobacco,
  • beef, com, wheat, petroleum, natural gas, linseed, cotton, iron ore, tin and copper.
  • South America’s products are mostly exported to North America and Europe.

VIII. Answer the following in a paragraph:

Question 1.
Give an account of the climate of North America.
Answer:

  • The vast latitudinal extent from the Tropics to the Polar Regions makes the climate of North America as varied as that of Asia.
  • Unlike the Himalayas, the Rockies run north to south which do not form a climatic barrier and do not prevent the icy winds from the Arctic region and penetrating the central plains which therefore have a very long cold winter and very short hot summer.
  • Precipitation occurs due to cyclonic storms.
  • The Arctic region is cold and mostly dry and has very short summers and a very long bitterly cold winter.
  • As one proceeds southwards the short summers become warm but the winters are very cold.
  • The central plains have extreme climates from freezing conditions in winter to tropical heat in summer.
  • The South is usually warm all the year-round and the regions around the month of the Mississippi-Missouri and the Gulf Coast have summer rain from the North East Trades which blow on-shore in summer.
  • The warm moist South-Western lies not only bring rainfall to the North West coast and also keep it warm.
  • The warm Alaskan Current keeps the North West coast ice-free.
  • The State of California in the USA has a Mediterranean Climate with moist winter and dry summers.

Question 2.
Describe the Heavy Engineering Industries in North America.
Answer:

  1. Industries which require heavy and bulky raw materials using enormous amounts of power, the involvement of huge investment, and large transport costs are called heavy industries.
  2. These industries depend heavily on the Iron and Steel industry.
  3. The important Heavy Industries are automobile industries, aircraft industries, shipbuilding industries, Railway Wagon industries, and farm equipment industries.
  4. The USA is the largest producer of automobiles.
  5. The important Centres of heavy engineering industries are Detroit, Chicago, Buffalo, Indianapolis, Los Angeles, Saint-Louis, Philadelphia, New York, Baltimore, and Atlanta in the USA and Windsor in Canada.

Question 3.
Describe the drainage system in South America.
Answer:

  • Owing to the position of the Andes all the great rivers of the continent drain into the Atlantic.
  • The Pacific streams are short and swift but along the coastlands of Peru their waters are used for irrigation and to some extent for hydro-electric power.
  • Amazon is the longest river in South America (6,450km) and is the largest river system in the world.
  • This river has over at housand of tributaries.
  • The rivers Rio Negro, Madeira, and Tapajos are important tributaries.
  • At the point where it enters the sea, the river is so wide and powerful that it flows even at a distance of 80km into the high seas.
  • The Orinoco River originates in the Guiana Highlands and flows northwards into the Caribbean Sea.
  • The river Paraguay has the Parana and Uruguay rivers as the main tributaries which together form and known as the Platte River system.
  • All the rivers are navigable for quite some distance in the interior.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

Question 4.
Write briefly about the major races in South America.
Answer:

  • South America contains the world’s most mixed population.
  • Many people in South America are descended from Europeans, especially the Spanish and Portuguese, who begin to arrive during the 15th century.
  • The descendants of African slaves brought over by the European native people still live in the mountain and the rainforests and keeping their own languages.
  • The mixed population of native Indians and Europeans is known as ‘Mestizo’
  • The mixed population of Europeans and Blacks is called ‘Mulato’ mixture of Native Indians and Blacks is called ‘Zambo’.

X. Activity:

Question 1.
Given below are some important cities with industries placed in brackets. Pick out the correct answer from them.

  1. Pittsburgh (Textile, Iron and steel, Shipping)
  2. Chicago (Meat Packing, Woolen textile, Heavy Engineering)
  3. Ontario (Automobile, Paper, Cement)
  4. Chile (Oil refinery, Sugar, Cotton textile)
  5. Uruguay (Leather processing, Copper smelting, Dairy products)

Answer:

  1. Pittsburgh (Textile, Iron and steel, Shipping)
  2. Chicago (Meat Packing, Woolen textile, Heavy Engineering)
  3. Ontario (Automobile, Paper, Cement)
  4. Chile (Oil refinery, Sugar, Cotton textile)
  5. Uruguay (Leather processing, Copper smelting, Dairy products)

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

Question 2.
Write down the answers to the question given in blocks:
Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America 2
Answer:
Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America 1

7th Social Science Guide Exploring Continents – North America and South America Additional Important Questions and Answers

I. Choose the Correct answer.

Question 1.
………………….. North America was discovered by Christopher Columbus.
a) 1492
b) 1592
c) 1493
d) 1595
Answer:
a) 1492

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

Question 2.
………………….. was introduced by European settlers in North America.
a) Maize
b) Barley
c) Sugarcane
d) Wheat
Answer:
d) Wheat

Question 3.
………………….. is the native Food Crop of North America.
a) Maize
b) Barley
c) Sugarcane
d) Wheat
Answer:
a) Maize

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

Question 4.
…………………..grows well in Southern and Western States
a) Maize
b) Barley
c) Sugarcane
d) Cotton
Answer:
d) Cotton

Question 5.
………………….. beet is used for making Sugar.
a) Sugar
b) Flour
c) Chips
d) Fries
Answer:
a) Sugar

Question 6.
The USA is the largest producer of …………………..
a) Atomic power
b) Solar power
c) Automobile
d) Tyre
Answer:
c) Automobile

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

Question 7.
Toronto, Cornwell, and Kingston are the major ………………….. in Canada.
a) Textile industry
b) Iron and steel industry
c) Paper industry
d) none
Answer:
a) Textile industry

Question 8.
………………….. are important ports on the West Coast of North America.
a) San Francisco
b) Newyork
c) Philadelphia
d) puledra
Answer:
a) San Francisco

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

Question 9.
………………….. are animals typically found only in South America.
a) Anaconda
b) Llamas
c) Piranha
d) Raccoons
Answer:
b) Llamas

Question 10.
…………………..are the most important crops in South America.
a) Coffee and Cocoa
b) Tea
c) Brazil
d) Rubber
Answer:
a) Coffee and Cocoa

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

II. Fill in the blanks:

1. ………………….. is a narrow stretch of land joining two large landmasses.
Answer:
Isthmus

2. …………………..is a narrow stretch of water joining two large water bodies.
Answer:
Strait

3. The Rockies and the Coast Range are together called the …………………..
Answer:
Western Cordilleras

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

4. The Mississippi and Missouri rivers are the longest rivers in …………………..
Answer:
North America

5. ………………….. erodes a lot of sand and mud as it rushes down the Mountains.
Answer:
The Big Muddy

6. Both Canada and the USA are the major exporter of ………………….. than the other countries of the world.
Answer:
wheat

7. Barley and Oats is used as …………………..
Answer:
cattle fodder

8. ………………….. is used for extraction of edible oil.
Answer:
Soya beans

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

9. The Isthmus of ………………….. in the North West connects South America with North America.
Answer:
Panama

10. ………………….. is the greatest river of South America.
Answer:
Amazon

11. The ………………….. found in the Amazon is a fierce flesh-eating fish.
Answer:
Piranha

12. …………………..has the second-largest iron ore deposits in the world after Russia.
Answer:
Brazil

13. …………………..is the third-largest producer of copper in the world.
Answer:
Chile

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

14. …………………..is the third-largest bauxite producing country.
Answer:
Brazil

15. …………………..areas are Paraguay, Chile, and Uruguay.
Answer:
Moderate populated

III. Match the following:

A B
1. Antarctica a) active Volcano
2. Mississippi b) Great lakes
3. Grand Banks c) Biggest bird
4. Cordilleras d) Petroleum reserves
5. Condor e) Mount Vinson Massif

Answer:

A B
1. Antarctica e) Mount Vinson Massif
2. Mississippi b) Great lakes
3. Grand Banks d) Petroleum reserves
4. Cordilleras a) active Volcano
5. Condor c) Biggest bird

IV. Give Reasons:

Question 1.
Mississippi River has been given the nickname “The Big Muddy”.
Answer:
The Mississippi River has been given the nickname “The Big Muddy” because it erodes a lot of sand and mud as it rushes down the Mountains.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

Question 2.
South America is also known as Latin America.
Answer:
Together with Central America, South America is also known as Latin America, having been discovered and colonized mostly by the Latin’s i.e., The Spanish the Portuguese.

V. Distinguish between:

Question 1.
North America and South America
Answer:
North America

  1. It lies between 7°N and 84°N latitude which lie entirely in the Northern Hemisphere.
  2. The Largest lake superior is located.
  3. Highest peak – Mount Mckinley

South America

  1. It lies between 12°N and 55°S latitude and 35°A and 81°W longitudes.
  2. The Largest lake Maracaibo is Located.
  3. Highest Peak highest peak Andes mountain

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

Question 2.
Savanna Grassland and The Pampas Grasslands
Answer:
Savanna Grassland

  1. Located in Guiana Highland, Brazilan Highland.
  2. Tall coarse grass
  3. Summer in hot and moist

The Pampas Grasslands

  1. Located in Uruguay and Southernmost Brazil.
  2. Short grass
  3. Summer is quite warm

VI. Put (✓) for the correct option:

Question 1.
1. Joining two large landmasses – Isthmus
2. Africa – Mount Kilimanjaro
3. America Prairie Grassland – High production of wheat
4. Bagland island – Goat
5. Argentina – samba dance
Answer:
1. Joining two large landmasses – Isthmus

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

VII. Answer the following:

Question 1.
What is “The Big Muddy”?
Answer:
The Mississippi River has been given the nickname “The Big Muddy” because it erodes a lot of sand and mud as it rushes down the Mountains.

Question 2.
Name the physical divisions of North America?
Answer:

  1. The Rocky Mountains,
  2. The Great Plains,
  3. The Appalachian Highlands and
  4. The Coastal Plain.

Question 3.
Write a short note on Mississippi Rivers.
Answer:

  • The Mississippi and Missouri rivers are the longest rivers in North America
  • They form the fourth longest river system in the world and stretching more than 6114 km from Montana to the Gulf of Mexico.
  • The Mackenzie River is the second-largest drainage basin of North America.
  • It drains into the Arctic Ocean.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

VIII. Answer the following in a paragraph:

Question 1.
Name the types of forests in North America.
Answer:
i. Tundra:

  • Winter is long and severely cold.
  • The northern coast of Canada.
  • Mosses, lichens and dwarf willows.
  • Arctic Fox, Polar Bears, Wolverin, Sable, and Blue Fox.

ii. Taiga or the Cold temperate Coniferous Forest:

  • Summer is warm and short. Heavy snowfall in winter.
  • Southcentral Alaska
  • Pine, Fir, Cedar, and Spruce
  • Beaver, Fox, Moose, Black Bears, and Grizzly Bears.

iii. Temperate Prairie Grasslands:

  • winter is very cold, rainfall is moderate.
  • Central USA and Central Canada.
  • Grasses shrubs, Coyote, Gophers.
  • Rabbits, Prairie Dogs and Bison.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Science Guide Geography Term 3 Chapter 1 Exploring Continents – North America and South America

iv. The Mediterranean forest:

  • Summer is hot and dry, cool wet winter.
  • western Coastal margin and Southern California
  • Olive, Grapes, Oak, Walnut, and Fig.

v. Desert forest:

  • The rainfall is very little.
  • Southwest USA northern Mexico Desert.
  • Cactus, Saguaro Cholla Cacti and yucca.
  • Desert Fox, Gazelles, Scorpions, Lizards, and Rattle Snakes.